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Innovative Concepts for city distribution

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Innovative Concepts for city distribution

  1. 1. Innovative concepts for city distribution Prof. Cathy Macharis 19/01/2017 Workshop on Future City Logistics - Tractebel
  2. 2. MOBI Mobility, Logistics and Automotive Technology
  3. 3. MOBI Key assets Sustainable Logistics Urban Mobility Battery Innovation Centre Electric & Hybrid vehicles
  4. 4. Storyline Challenges Solutions How?
  5. 5. Vrije Universiteit Brussel - MOBI Yes we should!
  6. 6. x100 in 40 years
  7. 7. Urbanisation 66% 2050 41 megacities2030
  8. 8. Logistics sprawl
  9. 9. Depot Depot MASSIFICATION ATOMISATION
  10. 10. Forecast of Passenger & Freight Transport
  11. 11. Transport activities are responsible for CO2 25% PM 30% NOx 60% 4% of GDP
  12. 12. Source: EU transport in figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2016, EC 0,40 0,50 0,60 0,70 0,80 0,90 1,00 1,10 1,20 1,30 1,40 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 1990=1 Energy Industries Industry *** Transport ** Residential and commercial Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries **** Other ***** Total 2050 Transport CO2 emissions
  13. 13. Storyline Yes we should! Yes we can! Implement!
  14. 14. 24 4 A’s of sustainable city logistics Act and shiftAwareness Avoidance Anticipation
  15. 15. 4 A’s of sustainable city logistics 25 Act and shiftAwareness Avoidance Anticipation
  16. 16. Green programmes & certification 26 .
  17. 17. External cost calculator 27 MOBI, 2013
  18. 18. Ex-ante modelling to predict impact - TRABAM
  19. 19. 4 A’s of sustainable city logistics 34 Act and shiftAwareness Avoidance Anticipation
  20. 20. Product compaction 35 2007 2012 Volume decreased – Value remained the same
  21. 21. Packaging compaction 36 Before redesign: • 252 bags on a pallet • 61.905 pallets shipped to Ikea per year After redesign: • 360 bags on a pallet • 43.334 pallets shipped
  22. 22. Avoid trips by avoiding failed deliveries 38
  23. 23. 14% 8% 5% (Comeos, 2015) 69% Delivery preferences Belgium
  24. 24. Use your capacity
  25. 25. European trucks are half empty! Empty running (km) 20% 50% 100% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 % Load factor Cost of inefficiency 160 billion euros
  26. 26. Consolidate 42
  27. 27. Supply chain cooperation 43
  28. 28. Urban Consolidation Centre 44
  29. 29. Mobile depot 45 See STRAIGHTSOL project @ www.straightsol.eu
  30. 30. P&G case Brussels 46 See CITYLAB project @ www.citylab.eu
  31. 31. P&G case Brussels
  32. 32. Vrije Universiteit Brussel - MOBI
  33. 33. The Physical Internet
  34. 34. 4 A’s of sustainable city logistics 52 Act and shiftAwareness Avoidance Anticipation
  35. 35. City barge transport 53
  36. 36. City barge transport 54
  37. 37. Pallets on the waterway 55 MOBI, 2013
  38. 38. 57 Modal shift to rail
  39. 39. Cargobikes 58
  40. 40. Off-hour deliveries 59
  41. 41. Pilots in Brussels 60 • 5 supermarkets – 2 retail chains • Other circumstances: • Open or closed loading quay • Distance to closest housing • Conditions environmental permit See STRAIGHTSOL project @ www.straightsol.eu
  42. 42. 4 A’s of sustainable city logistics 62 Act and shiftAwareness Avoidance Anticipation
  43. 43. Electric vehicles 63
  44. 44. Total cost of ownership 64 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Diesel Renault New Kangoo Express Electric Renault Kangoo ZE Diesel Mercedes Sprinter Electric Smith Edison TCO(€urocentsperkm) MOBI, 2015
  45. 45. New Technologies
  46. 46. New technologies
  47. 47. Big Data in Logistics
  48. 48. Demand – Sales Forecasts
  49. 49. Parking sensors 70 See STRAIGHTSOL project @ www.straightsol.eu
  50. 50. Storyline Yes we should! Yes we can! Implement!
  51. 51. Possible solutions Economical Ecological Social Awareness! Internalisation of external costs + ++ + Programmes & Certification ++ + + Avoid! Optimisation of loading factors ++ +++ + Horizontal & Vertical Cooperation ++ +++ +++ Urban Distribution center & Alternative Consolidation schemes -/+ +++ ++ Act! City barge transport & Pallets +/- +++ ++ Cargo Tram +/- +++ ++ Night time deliveries + ++ - Anticipate! Natural Gas + + + Electric Vehicles + +++ ++
  52. 52. Night deliveries
  53. 53. Why it fails The list is long: •Leiden •Malaga •Nuremberg •Utrecht
  54. 54. Cargo bikes Actors within city distribution Shippers Receivers Logistics service providers Authorities Citizens
  55. 55. Multi Actor Multi Criteria Analysis MAMCA
  56. 56. Multi Actor View
  57. 57. Real time workshops www.mamca.be
  58. 58. Conclusions 1. Yes we should! 2. Yes we can!  Awareness  Avoid  Act and shift  Anticipate 3. Let’s work together!  Actor involvement
  59. 59. @CathyMacharis Prof. dr. Cathy Macharis +32 2 629 22 86 Cathy.Macharis@vub.ac.be Building B (B2.20) Twitter.com/MOBI_VUB www.mobi.vub.ac.be
  60. 60. References • This story: Cathy Macharis & Bram Kin (2016): The 4 A's of Sustainable City Distribution: Innovative Solutions and Challenges ahead, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2016.1196404 • Specific aspects: • LEBEAU, P., MACHARIS, C. and J. VAN MIERLO, 2016, “Exploring the choice of battery electric vehicles in city logistics: a conjoint-based choice analysis”. Transportation Research PART E: Logistics and Transportation Review 91, pp. 245-258. DOI:10.1016/j.tre.2016.04.004 (2.293: SJR 2014). • VAN LIER, T., CARIS, A. and C. MACHARIS, 2016, “Sustainability SI: Bundling of outbound freight flows: analyzing the potential of internal horizontal collaboration to improve sustainability”, Networks and Spatial Economics, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp. 277-302 (2.085: JCR 2014). • LEBEAU, P., MACHARIS, C., VAN MIERLO, J. and LEBEAU, K. 2015. “Electrifying light commercial vehicles for city logistics? A total cost of ownership analysis”. The European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 15 (4), pp. 551-569. • MACHARIS, C., MEERS, D. and T. VAN LIER, 2015, “Modal choice in freight transport: combining multi-criteria decision analysis and geographic information systems”, International Journal of Multicriteria Decision Making, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 355-371 (0.3: SCI 2014). • MILAN, L., KIN, B., VERLINDE, S. and C. MACHARIS, 2015, “Multi-actor multi-criteria analysis for sustainable city distribution: a new assessment framework”, International Journal of Multicriteria Decision Making, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 334-354 (0.3: SCI 2014). • MOMMENS, K., LESTIBOUDOIS, S. and C. MACHARIS, 2015, "Modal shift of palletized goods: a European feasibility and location analysis", European Transport - Transporti Europei, Issue 58, nr.7, p. 19. • LEBEAU, P., DE CAUWER, C., VAN MIERLO, J., MACHARIS, C., VERBEKE, W. and T. COOSEMANS, 2015, “Conventional, Hybrid, or Electric Vehicles: Which Technology for an Urban Distribution Centre?”, The Scientific World Journal, Vol. 2015, Article ID 302867, 11 pages, DOI:10.1155/2015/302867. • MACHARIS, C. and A. BERNARDINI, 2015, “Reviewing the use of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for the evaluation of transport projects: Time for a multi-actor approach”, Transport Policy, Volume 37, pp. 177-186, doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2014.11.002 (1.492: JCR 2014). • MACHARIS, C. and L. MILAN, 2015, “Transition through dialogue: a stakeholder based decision process for cities: The case of city distribution”, in Habitat International, Special issue: Exploratory Spatial Analysis of Urban Habitats, Editors: Vaz, E., Kourtit, K., Painho, M. and P. Nijkamp, Volume 45, pp. 82-91, DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2014.06.026 (1.746: JCR 2014).

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