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Semantic Web special interest group meeting - IFLA WLIC 2012

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IFLA—Semantic Web Special Interest Group
                               
  Welcome to the 2nd open session of the SWSIG !

              Helsinki – 78th WLIC 2012




    News / contact / join : http://www.ifla.org/en/swsig
Semantic Web
 Linked Data


 what is it all about ?
Semantic Web
Machines will be able
 to understand our
 information...
Semantic Web
Machines will be able
 to understand our
 information...


                … but not in a AI way
Semantic Web
  Semantic is about

      Logic                            pr
                                         e   dica
                                                  te
                                                       object



                          subject



              RDF (Resource Description Framework) / triples
                        Ontologies / Vocabularies
Making the logic of our information understandable to machines
Semantic   Web
     The Web is what this is
       really about !

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Semantic Web special interest group meeting - IFLA WLIC 2012

  • 1. IFLA—Semantic Web Special Interest Group   Welcome to the 2nd open session of the SWSIG ! Helsinki – 78th WLIC 2012 News / contact / join : http://www.ifla.org/en/swsig
  • 2. Semantic Web Linked Data what is it all about ?
  • 3. Semantic Web Machines will be able to understand our information...
  • 4. Semantic Web Machines will be able to understand our information... … but not in a AI way
  • 5. Semantic Web Semantic is about Logic pr e dica te object subject RDF (Resource Description Framework) / triples Ontologies / Vocabularies Making the logic of our information understandable to machines
  • 6. Semantic Web The Web is what this is really about !
  • 7. Semantic Web The Web is what this is really about ! Web identifiers (URIs) Web architecture HTTP protocol W3C standards
  • 8. Linked Data The Web is about creating LINKS in an open, shared global information space
  • 9. Linked Data
  • 10. Applications of IFLA Namespaces   Gordon Dunsire IFLA Namespaces task group Full presentation at http://www.gordondunsire.com/presentations.htm SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 11. Dataset applications “collections of structured metadata — descriptions of things, such as books … a collection of library records” W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group Catalogue data is mapped to RDF elements from multiple namespaces Mix-and-match IFLA elements available in FR and ISBD namespaces
  • 16. Element sets “classes and attributes used to describe entities of interest … elements to be used by others to describe such entities” W3C LLD Metadata schema entities represented as RDF classes Entity attributes (fields) and relationships represented as RDF properties
  • 17. Element set applications Interoperability of schema represented by relationships between RDF classes and properties in respective schema namespaces Using ontological properties from W3C namespaces • E.g. RDF Schema (rdfs) subPropertyOf Datasets can be processed against ontology maps to generate new data triples The semantic in Semantic Web!
  • 18. Interoperability Audience element ontology: •ISBD •MARC21 (m21) •RDA •Dublin Core terms (dct) •Unconstrained commons
  • 22. Value vocabularies “a controlled list of allowed values for an element … include: thesauri, … authority files, …, and other types of knowledge organization systems.” W3C LLD E.g. MulDiCat Multilingual dictionary of cataloguing Useful for namespace translations, user displays, etc.
  • 23. ISBD area 0 value vocabularies Content form and media type Development of RDF mappings to the RDA/ONIX Framework for Resource Categorization RDA content form and media type already mapped Improves interoperability of datasets and format-based resource discovery
  • 25. IFLA Namespaces Technical Group Representation from IFLA sections and groups Guidelines on translating namespaces: in development By end of 2012 Guidelines on using and extending namespaces: proposed for 2013 Investigation of “commons” namespaces for extension and interoperability: proposed for 2013
  • 26. End Thank you! gordon@gordondunsire.com IFLA Namespaces TG http://www.ifla.org/en/node/5353 Open Metadata Repository http://metadataregistry.org/ Blog posts on Metadata Matters http://managemetadata.com/blog/
  • 27. Bibliographic Framework update   Sally Mc Callum, Library of Congress More information available from http://loc.gov/marc/transition SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 28. Licensing issues within the Linked data project of the french national library   Marianne Clatin, BnF See full paper at  http://conference.ifla.org/sites/default/files/files/papers/wlic2012/181-illien-en.pdf  (By G. Illien) SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 29. Licensing issues within the Linked data project of the Bibliothèque nationale de France
  • 36. BnF catalog Public library catalog (http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11931409x) (http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11931409x) Authors Local information (call number, circulation) Bibliographic information (FRBR) City (local informations - open data) OpenCat data.gouv.fr (MH) Gallica (full text) Wikimedia Gallica (other biographic information, portraits) (authors’ portraits) Publishers’ extranet (book cover)
  • 37. MaRC Dublin Core RDF triples FTP dump SRU-SRW OAI-PMH data.bnf.fr Z39.50 Europeana Data  Etalab Licence Exchange Agreement Etalab Licence? data.gouv.fr Licence CC0
  • 39. Practical linked library data applications created in the Semantic Computing Research Group of Aalto University in collaboration with libraries   Eetu Mäkelä, Aalto University Finland See presentation at http://j.mp/wlic2012-3  SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 40. News from datos.bne.es : Linked Data at the National Library of Spain   Ricardo Santos Muñoz, BNE National Library of Spain ricardo.santos@bne.es SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 41. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain How it all began:  Project achieved between the Ontology Engineering Group of the Politechnic University of Madrid (http://www.oeg-upm.net/) and the National Library of Spain.  The work began at the beginning of 2011 as a small proof of concept: publication in LD of works by/related to Cervantes  Eventually, it evolved into a bigger part of the catalogue. It was presented en December 2011, as datos.bne.es
  • 42. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain What's in now:  Authority file.  Bibliographic records of modern and ancient monographies, sound recordings and printed music  2.4 million bibliographic records, and 4 million authorities records  58 million triples  Links to VIAF, DNB, Dbpedia, SUDOC, Libris
  • 43. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Data model and vocabularies:  Based on IFLA models and vocabularies.  FRBR as reference model  FRBR, FRAD, FRSAD and ISBD, as published in OMR as vocabularies.
  • 44. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain How we looked at the data:  Bibliographic record → frbr:Manifestation  Authority record → frbr:Work, frbr:Expresion, frad:person,corporate body, frsad:Thema  Access points in bib. records: relationships
  • 45. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain How we migrated:  Mapping 1: Classification.  Mapping 2: Relationships  Mapping 3: Annotation
  • 46. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain How we dealt with RDF (Marimba): More details on http://www.slideshare.net/DanielVilaSuero/datos-enlazados-bne-and-marimba
  • 47. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Publishing:  Datos.bne.es site.  Datadumps  SPARQL Endpoint  Included in Datahub and Bibserver
  • 48. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain To do list:  More research and refinements needed in annotation and relationships.  Include all kind of resources.  Design and experiment with attractive human- readable interfaces  More links
  • 49. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Main features:  Constructed using IFLA standards and vocabularies  FRBRization  Produce Linked Data and FRBRization from 'flat' MARC21 records
  • 50. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es  Sparql Endpoint
  • 51. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es  Sparql Endpoint
  • 52. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es  Record of Molière; first are listed Works (FRBR)
  • 53. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es record of Molière's Work L'avare ; first are listed  Expressions
  • 54. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es record of L'avare´s Expression Spanish ; first are  listed Manifestations
  • 55. Linked Data at the National Library of Spain Datos.bne.es record of one Manifestation of L'avare with ISBD  attributes
  • 56. Semantic Web at the Library of the National Congress of Chile   Christian Sifaqui, BCN See presentation at :  http://www.slideshare.net/sifaqui/ifla-semantic-web-semantic-at-the-bcn- 15082012  Full paper available at  http://conference.ifla.org/sites/default/files/files/papers/wlic2012/214-sifaqui-en.pdf  SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 57. Linked Data-Activities in the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek   Lars Svensson, DNB SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 58. Since 2010, DNB publishes its authority files as linked data GND ontology LCSH (since April GND 2012) ~9.5 mill entities RAMEAU • Names • Corporate bodies • Subject VIAF headings DB- • Work titles Pedia • … Documentation at http://www.dnb.de/EN/Service/DigitaleDienste/LinkedData/linkeddata_node.html 58 |4 | Linked Data-Activites in the DNB| August 15, 2012
  • 59. In January 2012, we added bibliographic Photo by Beatrice Murch: http://flickr.com/photos/blmurch/465623933/ information to the Linked Data-Service Documentation at http://www.dnb.de/EN/Service/DigitaleDienste/LinkedData/linkeddata_node.html 59 |4 | Linked Data-Activites in the DNB| August 15, 2012
  • 60. In Culturegraph we address the problem of creating unique identifiers for bibliographic information More at http://www.culturegraph.org/ 60 |4 | Linked Data-Activites in the DNB| August 15, 2012
  • 61. Linked Data developments in Worldcat and VIAF   Richard Wallis, OCLC See full presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/rjw/oclc-linked-data-progress  http://www.slideshare.net/rjw/library-linked-data-progress  SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012
  • 62. Linked Data developments in the British Library   Neil Wilson, BL See full presentation at  http://www.slideshare.net/nw13/oclc-linked-data-roundtable-event-ifla-2012  SWSIG – 78th WLIC – August Wed. 15, 2012