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Why and What Green Building?
Heli Kotilainen 17.9.2015
WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT?
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY?
GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATIONS
GREEN BUILDI...
Why a sustainable built environment?
• Finland has approximately 1.5 mill. properties, with a total value of 369
bn. €
• T...
Why a sustainable built environment?
Productivity and economic efficiency
•Good indoor air quality can improve productivit...
Why a sustainable built environment?
Health
• About 35% less short sickness absences in offices with a good indoor air
qua...
Why a sustainable built environment?
WorldGBC (2013)
WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT?
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY?
GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION
GREEN BUILDIN...
What is Green Building?
• Takes an intelligent approach to energy
• Safeguards our water resources
• Minimises waste and m...
Green Building
Life cycle
CO2 and €
Energy efficiency
Good indoor
environment
• Heat
• Lighting
• Acoustics
• Air quality
...
Services
Service networks
Transport systems
Infrastructure
Equality
Accessibility
Availability of services
Different popul...
WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT?
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY?
GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION
GREEN BUILDIN...
Ways to improve guidance towards sustainability
• Kyoto Protocol (before 2012),
• International climate change negotiation...
International certifications tools
LEED (US) & BREEAM (UK)
LEED: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (USGBC, US)
• Certificates are granted by the ...
More than 1500 environmentally classified buildings in
Finland
Promise
• More than 1 500 sites since the last 10 years. (S...
The costs and benefits of Green Building
© ERMS / Fimera Oy 2014
•In general 0 % - 4
% higher building
and design costs
•H...
National assessment mechanism for building
processes
• Develop a Finnish assessment mechanism for integrating sustainabili...
Development of classification systems in
Sweden
Myönnetytsertifikaatit+
hakemukset
Building Performance Indicators
%
ECONOMY
# Lifecycle Cost €
(EN 15643-4)
ENERGY
# Imported energy
# Imported primary
ener...
Building Performance Indicators
• Simple tool to develop in a long-term sustainable manner
• Takes into account the whole ...
Other models and tools in Finland
• Energy Efficiency Agreements, implementation of the EU energy
efficiency (2008-16) / E...
WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT?
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY?
GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION
GREEN BUILDIN...
Green Building Council Finland
Events
• Green Forum –breakfasts, seminars
Projects
•Energy efficiency in communities, Nord...
Members according to field, 111 organizations
Product manufacturers
18 %
Import, wholesale, and retail
0 %
Design and cons...
Sustainable Buildings and
Construction Programme (SBC) 2015-16
Objective 2016
•Promoting sustainable production and consum...
•pp.kk.vvvv
Disclaimer: The sole responsibility for the content of this report lies with the authors. It does
not necessar...
Climate Street –project 2015-17
•A street for climate-friendly solutions is based in downtown Helsinki and the district of...
Future challenges & possibilities
Life Cycle
Analysis and
embodied
energy
Renewable
energy
forms
Materiel
efficiency
Life ...
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Additional information:
heli.kotilainen@figbc.fi
www.figbc.fi
Green Building Business Opportunity Seminar 17.9.2015_kotilainen
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What and Why green buildings in Finland, Heli Kotilainen, CEO of the Finnish Green Building Council

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Green Building Business Opportunity Seminar 17.9.2015_kotilainen

  1. 1. % Why and What Green Building? Heli Kotilainen 17.9.2015
  2. 2. WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT? WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY? GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATIONS GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL NETWORK Contents
  3. 3. Why a sustainable built environment? • Finland has approximately 1.5 mill. properties, with a total value of 369 bn. € • The energy use of buildings accounts to the energy production of 16 nuclear power stations. • The share of buildings on total greenhouse gas emissions is 40 %, commitments to reduce total GHG emissions have been made. • The European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive obliges new construction units to approach ’Near Zero Energy Buildings’ by 2020.
  4. 4. Why a sustainable built environment? Productivity and economic efficiency •Good indoor air quality can improve productivity by 10% •New ways of working reduce the need for business premises and work spaces by 40 – 50%. •The control and guidance of technical building services can save 10- 20% of a property’s energy consumption which would nationally amount to the energy production of 2-3 nuclear power stations. Aalto yliopisto (2014), WorldGBC (2013)
  5. 5. Why a sustainable built environment? Health • About 35% less short sickness absences in offices with a good indoor air quality. • People sleeping in the proximity of windows get 46 minutes more nightly sleep than others. • In office work the scenery and amount of daylight can explain up to 6 % of the variation in sickness absences. • Decreased stressors at work and at home. - blood pressure, cortisol, heart rate Health, Wellbeing & Productivity in Offices, WorldGBC (2014)
  6. 6. Why a sustainable built environment? WorldGBC (2013)
  7. 7. WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT? WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY? GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL NETWORK Contents
  8. 8. What is Green Building? • Takes an intelligent approach to energy • Safeguards our water resources • Minimises waste and maximises reuse • Promotes health and well-being • Keeps our landscape green • Creates resilient and flexible structures • Connects us • Considers all stages of a building life-cycle WorldGBC / Europe 2013
  9. 9. Green Building Life cycle CO2 and € Energy efficiency Good indoor environment • Heat • Lighting • Acoustics • Air quality Material efficiency Property use • Energy and water use • Efficient use of space • Healthy • Comfortable • Smart Accessibility Community structure What is Green Building?
  10. 10. Services Service networks Transport systems Infrastructure Equality Accessibility Availability of services Different population groups Costs Life Cycle costs Investments Community structure Integrative Performance Flexibility Culture and landscape structure Landscape structure Built cultural environment Landscape and townscape Resource Efficiency Energy Materials Natural Resources Lived environment Safety Health Comfort Ecosystems Ecological context Biodiversity E C O N O M Y H U M A N E N V I R O N M E N T Risks Emisission Noise Contaminated soil What is Sustainable City?
  11. 11. WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT? WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY? GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL NETWORK Contents
  12. 12. Ways to improve guidance towards sustainability • Kyoto Protocol (before 2012), • International climate change negotiations (after 2012) International Agreements • EPBD Energy Performance of Buildings Directive – obliges new construction units to approach ”near zero energy buildings” by the year 2020 • RES Renewable Energy Directive • EED Energy Efficiency Directive • Climate and Energy Strategy (2020) EU directives & targets • Energy and Climate Road Map (2050, carbon neutral society) • National Climate and Energy Strategy (2020 targets) • Land Use and Builiding Act • National Building Code of Finland National regulation and controls • Building Performance Indicators, Green Building Council Finland • Environmental assesment methods, LEED & Breeam • Energy efficiency contracts for municipalities, rentals and office spaces 2008 Actors themselves
  13. 13. International certifications tools
  14. 14. LEED (US) & BREEAM (UK) LEED: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (USGBC, US) • Certificates are granted by the USGBC • Levels: Certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum. BREEAM: Building Research Establishment’s Environmental Assessment Method (BRE, UK) • Classification system can be nationalised in a country-specific manner (e.g. Sweden, Norway, The Netherlands) • Certificates are granted in the UK • Levels: Pass, Good, Very Good, Excellent, Outstanding
  15. 15. More than 1500 environmentally classified buildings in Finland Promise • More than 1 500 sites since the last 10 years. (Senaatti, SOK, Tapiola, Kesko, VVO, ATT) LEED • Certified 8, Silver 22, Gold 55 and Platinum 11. Overall 96 • KOy Lintulahdenvuori (Platinum), Nordea, Kauppakeskus Sello, Kaari, Trio and Skanssi, Moveres Business Garden, US Embassy Innovator Centre BREEAM • Pass 2, Good 22, Very good 31, Exellent 2, Outstanding 0. Overall 57 • KOy Vantaan Honkatalot, Sponda renovation in downtown Helsinki, Business Park Polaris (Castor), and Lahden Duo 2 Sello kauppakeskus Moveres Business Garden
  16. 16. The costs and benefits of Green Building © ERMS / Fimera Oy 2014 •In general 0 % - 4 % higher building and design costs •High level certificates 0 – 10 % •Zero energy houses 12,5 % •Renovation 0,3 % - 12 %, can be up to 40 % The business case for green building, WGBC, 2013
  17. 17. National assessment mechanism for building processes • Develop a Finnish assessment mechanism for integrating sustainability to building processes, which is more simple and light than the international certifications (by 2016) • Use - New construction, deep renovations - Offices, health centers and commercial buildings - Public service buildings - Residential buildings • Compatible with Building Performance Indicators. Coordinated by Building Information Foundation RTS. • Formerly a national environmental classification PromisE
  18. 18. Development of classification systems in Sweden Myönnetytsertifikaatit+ hakemukset
  19. 19. Building Performance Indicators % ECONOMY # Lifecycle Cost € (EN 15643-4) ENERGY # Imported energy # Imported primary energy # Baseload power GLOBAL WARMING # Life-cycle carbon footprint kg CO2e (EN 15978) # Operating carbon footprint kg CO2e (GHG Protocol) OCCUPANTS # Indoor air quality classification (S1-3) # Share of satisfied occupants %
  20. 20. Building Performance Indicators • Simple tool to develop in a long-term sustainable manner • Takes into account the whole life cycle • Economy, energy, environment and property users • Comparability and ”shared language” • Complements legislation • Based on international standards • Either to existing buildings or in the design phase. • For management, planning, building, upkeep, selling, renting, tendering, competitions… • Benchmark, education, online tool
  21. 21. Other models and tools in Finland • Energy Efficiency Agreements, implementation of the EU energy efficiency (2008-16) / Energy Authority - Residential buildings (The Ministry of Environment) - Tertiary buildings (The Ministry of Transport and Communications) • ESCO-model, service business, where external expert makes energy efficiency related actions. Expenses are covered by savings achieved. / Motiva Oy • Green Office, 170 organisations in Finland and elsewhere / WWF Finland • Nordic Ecolabel for residential buildings, schools and day-cares /
  22. 22. WHY A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT? WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE CITY? GUIDANCE AND CERTIFICATION GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL NETWORK Contents
  23. 23. Green Building Council Finland Events • Green Forum –breakfasts, seminars Projects •Energy efficiency in communities, Nordic Urban Development, Nordic Sustainable Materials, Build Upon / renovation in Europe, Sustainable Buildings and Construction GBPro –training •Continuation training, that increases skills related to sustainability choices in the built environment. Newsletters and web site •Current news from us and other sources.
  24. 24. Members according to field, 111 organizations Product manufacturers 18 % Import, wholesale, and retail 0 % Design and consulting 34 % Construction companies 7 % Property development and contracting 7 % Property maintenance and services 4 % Owners 8 % Users / Occupants 4 % Education 3 % Public administration 4 % Associations and foundations 11 %
  25. 25. Sustainable Buildings and Construction Programme (SBC) 2015-16 Objective 2016 •Promoting sustainable production and consumption in the building sector globally. •Sharing best practices and brining market information and networking opportunities to actors in the Finnish sustainable building sector especially in the developing countries and economies in Africa •Deliverables 2016 •Three Trust Fund –projects (100 … 200 kUSD) •One Flagship –implementation project (> 2 M USD) prepared •50 committed project partners (mainly companies) •An important media event highlighting the results of the Finnish- led project at the Habitat III Conference in October. Pekka Huovila, 4.9.2015
  26. 26. •pp.kk.vvvv Disclaimer: The sole responsibility for the content of this report lies with the authors. It does not necessarily represent the views of the European Commission, and neither EASME nor the European Commission are responsible for any use of this material. Co-creating Europe’s National Renovation Strategies 2015-16 OBJECTIVE 2016 • Create supporting material for preparing national renovation strategies in participating Member states. • Promoting renovation to actors in the sector. • Sharing best practices in renovation and learning together. DELIVERABLES 2016 • 88 events, of which 6 will be organized in Finland around the country together with partners. • 1000 stakeholder groups participating at the EU-level. • The creation of RenoWiki-database to support energy efficient renovation building. The website will gather all the materials created. • Project concepts and innovations to solve the challenges of renovation: Financial Innovation, Business Model Innovation, Public Sector, Innovation and Behavioural Innovation.
  27. 27. Climate Street –project 2015-17 •A street for climate-friendly solutions is based in downtown Helsinki and the district of Tikkurila in Vantaa, where the companies and inhabitants of the area can participate together with the city officials and other partners in the development of the city of the future. •Testing platform and a place of reference for low-carbon products and services, both for participating companies and the city. •Companies can develop their services together with the end users. •City of Helsinki, City of Vantaa, Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority HSY and Aalto University.
  28. 28. Future challenges & possibilities Life Cycle Analysis and embodied energy Renewable energy forms Materiel efficiency Life Cycle thinking in investments Healthiness System thinking & areal level Spatial efficiency New materials, wood in new forms ICT and BIM (Building information models)
  29. 29. % Additional information: heli.kotilainen@figbc.fi www.figbc.fi

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