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Office Ergonoimcs Initiative
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body language postures gestures

  1. 1. NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION POSTURES GESTURES BODY MOVEMENTS P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R AM PAT E L
  2. 2. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  3. 3. POSTURES P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  4. 4. Postures give us an idea about the attitude of the bearer towards the other persons involved in the process of communication. A good deal of relaxation in posture indicates disrespect, dislike and disinterest in the other person. At the same time, anxiety, fear and lack of confidence is indicated by total lack of relaxation in the postures. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
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  9. 9. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  10. 10. BODY MOVEMENTS: the individual tends to increase his body movements as the intensity of a particular emotion increases. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  11. 11. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  12. 12. WORKSTATION, ’DESK POSTURE’ AND ERGONOMICS One of the most common reasons our clients seek treatment at Health and Balance Osteopathy is relief from ‘pains and strains’ caused by sitting at work all day. Common conditions we see include headaches, neck pain, back pain/stiffness and wrist and forearm pain. Our bodies are not designed to do the same thing over and over for extended periods of time however, we understand that in most workplace situations this is hard to avoid. Below is a list of things you can do at work to help support your body at your work station and minimize pain and strain. An important thing to remember is regardless of how good your desk set up is, the thing that will help prevent pain and injury most is to ‘sit less, move more’! P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  13. 13. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  14. 14. • The seat height and back should be adjustable so your feet are flat on the ground and elbows rest easily on the desk with 90 degree bend. • A foot rest may be necessary here if you have a high desk. High heel shoes will affect this, so have a think about your footwear. • Hips should be slightly higher than your knees. If your knees are higher than your hips, consider elevating your chair, or try putting a small pillow under your bottom. • If armrests are to be used they should be short or able to be adjusted and be able to fit under the desk. We want to be able to get as close to the desk as possible so longer armrests are a no go. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L CHAIRS
  15. 15. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  16. 16. • Adjust the seat back so you can sit with your back upright and a natural ‘S curve’ through your spine • The base of the chair should have 5 legs for stability. • Using a Medicine ball can be useful in maintaining activity of our spinal stabilizing muscles. If you wish to try this start with small intervals of alternating between a chair and the ball. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L CHAIRS
  17. 17. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  18. 18. • Your keyboard and mouse should be positioned directly in front of you with your wrist and forearms supported on the desk. Ensure your wrists are not locked backwards. • When your hands are resting on the keyboard or mouse your shoulders should be relaxed with your elbows resting comfortably inline with your shoulders. • Forearms horizontal so wrists are level with or below the elbows. • Mouse pads with gel supports are helpful. • Wireless keyboards and mouse are relatively affordable and much more readily adjustable. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L KEYBOARD & MOUSE
  19. 19. MONITOR/SCREEN • Make sure you sit straight on to your computer. • Eye line should be in top 1/3 of the monitor • Monitor should be arms length away (50-60cms) • Adjust your screen settings or zoom in and out so you are not straining to see. • Have regular eye breaks. Look 20 meters away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes (20,20,20 rule) P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  20. 20. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  21. 21. GESTURES: flexibility of the human body, especially of the hands, is very useful in communicating a wide range of gestures. People can ‘talk’ their ‘mood’ by using their hands! P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  22. 22. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  23. 23. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
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  26. 26. EYE CONTACT: the area around the eyes is one of the most expressive parts of the face. Eye contact gives us the cues to reveal a good deal of truth about the traits of someone’s personality. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  27. 27. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  28. 28. Eye contact occurs when two animals look at each other's eyes at the same time. In human beings, eye contact is a form of nonverbal communication and is thought to have a large influence on social behavior. Coined in the early to mid-1960s, the term came from the West to often define the act as a meaningful and important sign of confidence, respect, and social communication. The customs and significance of eye contact vary between societies, with religious and social differences often altering its meaning greatly. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
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  30. 30. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
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  32. 32. TELEPHONE P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  33. 33. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L Avoid holding the phone between your ear and shoulder. If possible and available use a headset.
  34. 34. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  35. 35. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  36. 36. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L
  37. 37. OTHER EQUIPMENT - Be flexible with your desk arrangement and move things around depending on the task. If a sit to stand desk is available it can be used to vary your position throughout the day. - Your document holder ideally sits directly below your screen to ensure you are not having to turn your head from one way to the other. - For those of you who are touch typist, raise your document holder to be a little higher as you will spend more of your time looking at it rather then the keyboard/screen. P R E P A R E D B Y M S F O R A M P A T E L

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