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proxemics-facial expressions

  1. 1. Non-verbal Communication SYBBA-GENERAL _ SEMESTER-ODD
  2. 2.  Nonverbal communication (NVC) is the transmission of messages or signals through a nonverbal platform such as eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and the distance between two individuals. It includes the use of visual cues such as body language (kinesics), distance (proxemics) and physical environments/appearance, of (paralanguage) and of touch (haptics).[1] It can also include the use of time (chronemics) and eye contact and the of looking while talking and listening, frequency of glances, patterns of fixation, pupil dilation, and blink rate (oculesics).
  3. 3. Nonverbal communication involves the conscious and unconscious processes of encoding and decoding. Encoding is the act of generating information such as facial expressions, gestures, and postures. Encoding information utilizes signals which we may think to be universal. Decoding is the interpretation of information from received sensations given by the encoder. Decoding information utilizes knowledge one may have of certain received sensations.
  4. 4. Non-verbal Communication  Body Language (Kinesics)  Facial Expression  Gestures  Postures  Proxemics (distance Language)  Chronemics (Time Language)  Haptic (Touch Language)  Paralanguage  Nodes
  5. 5. There are five major forms of non-verbal media: 1. Proxemics (spatial), 2. Kinesics, 3. Chronemics (use of time), 4. Paralingual (vocal cues), and 5. Artifacts (objective language)
  6. 6. Proxemics refers to the study of how we use space to communicate message. Halt Edward describes human relationship in terms of four kinds of distances viz.  intimate,  personal,  social, and  public. Developed by Edward Hall
  7. 7.  Based on these insights, and after conducting his own research, Edward Hall developed the idea of a set of expanding circles, called reaction bubbles, that described how humans manage the space around them. The innermost circle he identified as Intimate space, reserved for those we are closest to, and usually measuring 6 to 18 inches (15 to 45cm) in radius. The next level up he dubbed Personal space, the distance we are comfortable maintaining with close friends, about 1.5 to 4 feet (0.5 to 1.2m). He used the term Social space to indicate our preferred proximity to acquaintances, about 5–12 feet (1.5– 3.6m), and Public space for the distance we need for public speaking, 12–25 feet or more (3.6–7.6m).
  8. 8. Kinesics
  9. 9. Kinesics (Body Language) Facial expression posture body movements Gestures eye-contact Haptics (touch).
  10. 10. Facial expression face is the best non-verbal conveyor of the message among all other non-verbal aspects of kinesic importance. We can look into the face of the person and know his real sentiments and reactions.
  11. 11. The universal expressions are: Surprise Fear Disgust Contempt Anger Sadness Happiness
  12. 12. Eyes The only thing more telling than the eyebrows are the eyes3themselves. They might be:  Wide open (surprise)  Intensely staring (anger)  Have crow's feet crinkles (happy)
  13. 13. Mouth The final piece of the facial expression has to do with the mouth.1Look for:  A dropped jaw (surprise)  Open mouth (fear)  One side of the mouth raised (hate)  Corners raised (happiness)  Corners drawn down (sadness)
  14. 14. Other signals to look for are: Lip biting (anxiety) Pursed lips (distaste) Covering the mouth (hiding something)
  15. 15. Practices  ANGRY  CONTEMPT  DISGUST  FEAR  HAPPY  SAD  SURPRISE  NEUTRAL
  16. 16. THANK YOU

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