TABLE OF CONTENT
Examining the current state and future outlook
of airport operations in India and around the
world, as guided by regulatory bodies.
Global and Indian scenario of
Airport management DGCA & AAI
Ensuring safe and efficient air
travel through site selection,
design, construction, and
Understanding the hierarchy,
roles, and responsibilities of
various stakeholders in the
of Airline and Airports
Managing airside and landside
activities, terminal operations,
safety, security, and customer
Regulation and oversight of
airport operations by governing
bodies, such as the DGCA and
AAI in India
Components of Airport
Components of Airport An airport typically consists of airside components,
such as runways and taxiways, and landside
components, such as terminal buildings and parking
lots, that work together to ensure the safe and
efficient movement of people and goods by air.
These components are managed and operated by
various stakeholders, including airlines, airport
authorities, and regulatory bodies.
2. Runway lighting
3. De-Icing Area
4. Pre-threshold signs
5. PAPI – Precision approach path indicator
6. Runway Designator
7. Center Line
8. Touchdown zone
9. Aiming Point
10. Stop way
11. Holding Position
12. Edge Marking
13. High-speed Taxiway
14. Helicopter Stand
15. Fire station
16. Airline Service
17. Bus Stop
18. Taxi Stands
Airport Planning & its Types
Types of Airport Planning
The FAA defines airport planning as a systematic process that creates guidelines for efficient airport development that meets local, state, and
A key objective of airport planning is using resources effectively in a way that meets the demand for aviation services in a financially feasible
The planning process is coordinated through a hierarchy of planning that happens at four levels:
1. National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS) at the federal level,
2. Statewide Integrated Airport Systems at the state level,
3. Regional/Metropolitan Integrated Airport Systems Plans at the regional level, and
4. Airport Master Plans at the local level.
These planning levels help ensure that airport development is aligned with broader transportation goals and priorities and that resources are
used efficiently and effectively to meet the needs of the traveling public.
What is Airport Master Plan?
Airport Master Plan
An airport master plan is a long-term planning document that provides a blueprint for the development of an airport. The FAA reports that the
major goals for an airport master plan include:
Provide a graphic representation of existing airport features, future development, and anticipated land use
Establish a realistic schedule and financial plan for development
Validate the plan technically, economically, and environmentally
Prepare and present the plan to the public, addressing relevant issues and satisfying regulations
Establish a framework for continuous planning.
The airport master plan is a critical tool for ensuring that an airport's development aligns with local, state, and national transportation goals,
addresses community needs and concerns, and meets regulatory requirements. The plan typically includes an analysis of existing and future
demand for aviation services, infrastructure needs, environmental impacts, and financial feasibility. The planning process involves
collaboration among various stakeholders, including airport authorities, airlines, regulatory agencies, and the public, to ensure that the plan
reflects diverse perspectives and interests.
In this step, the initial needs of the
plan are determined. A request for
proposals is created to solicit bids, and
a consultant is chosen. The consultant
contract is negotiated, the study
design is developed and an application
is made for study funding.
The FAA reviews and approves
drawings showing the proposed long-
term master plan for the airport. This
approval can take up to 180 days.
Airport planners determine if any
of the alternatives require an
environmental assessment or
environmental impact statement.
This analysis includes identifying the
airport's financial plan, describing how
the sponsor will finance projects in the
master plan and demonstrating the
feasibility of the program. This analysis
is done along with the implementation
Airport planners should seek input and
consider the key issues for
stakeholders in the master plan, such
as a fixed base operator with a
terminal and hangar building that
need improvements or expansions.
Airport Master Plan Elements
The main purpose of an airport runway is to facilitate the takeoff and landing of aircraft. Runway operations
involve various tasks carried out on the runway, such as granting clearance for takeoff and landing, monitoring
weather conditions, and coordinating with air traffic control.
Apron operations encompass a range of activities that occur on the airport apron, which is the designated area
for parking, loading, and unloading aircraft. These activities include the movement of aircraft, the loading and
unloading of passengers and cargo, refueling, and maintenance.
Airports offer amenities for maintaining and fixing airplanes. This encompasses routine maintenance,
evaluations, and repairs to ensure the aircraft's airworthiness and safety during operation.
Types of Airport Functions
Air Traffic Control (ATC) is accountable for guaranteeing secure and effective aircraft navigation in and around
the airport vicinity. ATC assures that aircraft maintain a safe distance from each other while also providing pilots
with directions both on the ground and in the air. The function of air traffic control is essential in safeguarding
the welfare of passengers, crew, and airplanes at the airport.
It cover all tasks involved in getting people to and from the airport, such as purchasing tickets, checking in,
handling luggage, and going through security.
Ground Transportation refers to all the services related to transportation outside of the airport, such as car
rental, taxi, and shuttle services.
Airport Retail and Dining provide passengers with food and beverage options, as well as shopping opportunities.
These services are crucial in making the airport experience comfortable and enjoyable for passengers.
AIRPORT RETAIL AND DINING
Types of Airport Functions
Airport security is a critical function of airport operations. The upkeep of an airport's safe and secure
environment is the responsibility of the airport security team. Security measures include passenger and baggage
screening, access control, and surveillance.
Airport Organizational Structure
Airport Authority of India
The Airport Authority of India (AAI) is a statutory
body responsible for managing and developing
airports across India.
Established in 1995, AAI manages 137 airports,
including 23 international airports, across the
AAI's responsibilities include air traffic
management, airport safety and security, and
airport infrastructure development.
AAI also provides air navigation services and is
responsible for the maintenance of
communication, navigation, and surveillance
equipment at airports.
AAI works closely with other aviation authorities,
such as the Directorate General of Civil Aviation
(DGCA), to ensure the safe and efficient operation
of airports and air travel in India.
Global and Indian scenario of Airport management DGCA & AAI
The global scenario of airport management involves the management and
operation of airports across the world, with a focus on safety, efficiency, and
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) provides guidelines and
standards for airport management, which are followed by airports and
aviation authorities across the world.
In India, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the national
aviation authority responsible for regulating and overseeing civil aviation
activities, including airport management.
The Airport Authority of India (AAI) is a statutory body responsible for
managing and developing airports across India, working closely with DGCA to
ensure the safe and efficient operation of airports and air travel in the
Together, DGCA and AAI play a crucial role in the global scenario of airport
management, contributing to the safe and efficient operation of airports and
air travel in India and beyond.
The Indian scenario of airport management is characterized by a rapidly
growing aviation industry, with an increasing number of passengers and cargo
volumes across the country.
India is home to a vast network of airports, ranging from small regional
airports to large international hubs, catering to a diverse range of passengers
According to recent statistics, the top five busiest airports in India are Delhi,
Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, and Kolkata, with a combined annual passenger
traffic of over 210 million passengers.
The future of Indian airports is expected to be driven by continued growth in
air travel demand, with several new airports and terminal expansions planned
across the country to meet this demand.
The Indian government has also launched several initiatives to support the
growth of the aviation industry, including the UDAN scheme for regional
connectivity, the NABH Nirman initiative for airport infrastructure
development, and the AAI Cargo Logistics and Allied Services Company for air
Global Scenario of Airport
Management DGCA & AAI
Indian Scenario of Airport
B. Proposal| Presentation 11
Future of Airport Operations
In conclusion, airport operations are a critical component of the aviation
industry, encompassing a range of functions and activities that are essential
for the safe and efficient movement of passengers and cargo.
Key takeaways from this presentation include an understanding of airport
planning, airport functions, organizational structure of airline and airport
sectors, airport authorities, and global and Indian scenarios of airport
management by DGCA and AAI.
The future of airport operations is expected to be shaped by continued
growth in air travel demand, increasing focus on sustainability and
innovation, and evolving technologies and regulations.
As such, staying abreast of industry developments and trends will be crucial
for anyone interested in the aviation industry or working within it. Thank
you for your attention..