Economic growth and social value
Improve public services
Typical Policy Drivers for Open Data
Economic Value of Open Data
• Open Gov Data in EU would increase business
activity by up to €40 Bn/year
• Direct & indirect benefits up to €200 Bn/year (1.7%
of EU GDP)
• Open Weather Data in US has created 400
companies employing 4000 people
• Spanish study found ~€600m of business from
open data with >5000 jobs
• Australian study found ROI of ~500% from open
Economic Value of Open Data
CIOs can give leadership, but
CIOs/IT Directors often do not “own” the data
Key issues are business, policy and politics
Keep the IT simple
Good choice of established open source (eg CKAN, Drupal) or commercial products (eg Socrata)
Start with simple solution, add functionality if/when needed
Leadership: High-level government leadership must be a primary driver for successfully executing any open government strategy. The World Bank's knowledge sharing platforms such as the Leaders for Transformation Network bring together top leaders to share experiences and provide peer support in leveraging ICT for open government.
Policy/Legal Framework: A supportive policy and legal framework is essential to open government. Issues such as data management, privacy, information access (including Freedom of Information), data reuse and licensing must be addressed. The World Bank has helped develop policies on ICT related components in a number of countries, including Moldova, Macedonia, Ghana, and Sri Lanka.
Institutions: Individual agencies hold primary responsibility for translating open government into real applications and services. Yet, open government on a whole-of-government basis requires high levels of coordination. The World Bank has supported the evolution of institutional partners such as the eGovernment Center in Moldova into first class managers of a major $23 million Governance eTransformation Project.
Applications and e-Services: The World Bank partners with governments to help translate open government from words into actions that impact people's lives through development of innovative applications and e-services. This is happening every day on a global basis – the Water Hackathon event organized by The World Bank teamed up more than 800 water and technology experts in cities around the world to create technology solutions to local and global water challenges.
Capacity Building: Open government requires changes to how agencies conduct business, and even how they define their core mission. In the context of major eTransformation projects, The World Bank has contributed to increased capacity of government counterparts and other stakeholders, for example through HELP – the High-level Experts for Leaders and Practitioners group of leading CIOs and knowledge exchange activities (e.g. South-South collaboration with e-leaders like India, Singapore, South Korea and Estonia) and most recently through the development of an online Open Government Data Toolkit. For open government to be meaningful, responsive to public needs, and self-sustaining, a strong demand-side is crucial. The World Bank Institute has inaugurated a robust, partnership-driven 'Data Literacy' program to build demand-side capacity among key stakeholder groups (mass media, civil society, and civic coders), to build and strengthen user constituencies around 'opened' data (e.g. in Kenya and Moldova, and in Tanzania and Ghana, which were convened as both governments launched their open data platforms, so that supply and demand-sides were launched concurrently).
Citizen Engagement: The World Bank supports citizen-feedback initiatives, which are vital to any meaningful open government effort. For example, in Nigeria, the Bank is working with Edo State to launch a crime mapping platform that draws on crowdsourced data reported by citizens.
Innovation Financing: A dynamic, sustainable Open Government Initiative requires public investment and public-private partnerships both to support development of innovative apps and services (including co-creation activities and challenges) and develop an Innovation Economy. The World Bank is working with Ghana on a PPP for tax modernization. In Sri Lanka, the Bank supported creation of a Partnership Assistance Program to fund innovative services to under-served communities.
Technology: Implementing open government on a whole-of-government basis requires enterprise architecture, common open standards and interoperability frameworks, apps and adequate infrastructure to ensure connectivity and security. One pioneering example of The World Bank's work in this area is its planned assistance to Moldova and Macedonia to introduce cloud computing for government using innovative PPP models.
Kenya Transparency & Communications Infrastructure project ($6.5m of $54m AF)
Innovation Grant – Open Data Incubator ($100k)
EFO (DfID) for Education data integration & outreach
Governance Partnership Facility
World Bank (WBI, TWICT) TA for open data, support for Hackathons, Open Data Media Workshops, etc
Transparency is not enough – engaging the demand-side is critical to success of open data
Many users will not spontaneously ‘take up’ open data
There is no formula for successful outreach
But a key element is bringing together data suppliers and users on sustained basis to define problems and iterate solutions
Development professionals and ICT developers
Infomediaries including traditional media
Research and higher education communities
Embedding open data in ongoing innovation hubs and events, incl. hackathons