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Latest Trends in
Global New Car Assessment Programme
NETS ‘Strength in Numbers’ Annual Meeting
12 October 2017
The first International Traffic Convention was
adopted in Paris 1909 and required that cars be:
“So designed as to prevent, as far as possible, all
danger of fire or explosion, as not to frighten by
its noise animals, whether ridden or driven, and
as not to give rise to any other cause of danger to
traffic or seriously to inconvenience by the
emission of smoke or vapour any persons using
and be equipped with:
“a strong steering apparatus, which will allow the
car to be turned readily and with certainty” and
have “two brakes, each independent of the other
and adequate for its purpose”.
Origins…the First Car Safety ‘Type Approval’ Requirements
In high income countries the combination of
safety standards and consumer information
have made passenger cars safer than ever
before. This is the positive result of
“regulatory push” and “demand pull”.
The challenge now is to extend this progress
to the rapidly motorising low and middle
income countries which now account 50% of
car sales and production…and over 90% of
Today millions of new cars sold in low and
middle income countries fail to meet
minimum UN crash test standards, have no air
bags, and no electronic stability control (ESC).
Vehicle Safety’s Winning Formula:
Regulatory Push & Demand Pull
• Reveals “worrying data” showing that
only 40 out of a total of 193 UN
Member States fully apply the seven
most important UN safety regulations
and these are overwhelmingly high-
• Says “there is an urgent need for these
minimum vehicle standards to be
implemented by every country”.
• Warns that “regulations helping to
protect occupants withstand front and
side impact crashes are poorly
implemented globally” and also calls
for mandatory fitment of electronic
WHO Global Road Safety Status Report 2015 - Vehicle Safety
Global NCAP - Building a Market For Safer Cars…Worldwide
The first NCAP was launched in 1978
by the US National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration. There are now
nine NCAPs (or similar) active around
NCAPs promote a ‘market for safety’
by raising awareness of the car buying
public, and rewarding manufacturers
that build the safest cars.
NCAPs award stars to car models using
crash tests that score occupant protection. These
are recorded by measuring the loadings on
NCAPs are usually more stringent than legislative
Since the launch of Euro NCAP in 1997 and adoption
of European Union (EU) crash test standards 78,000
lives have been saved. The occupant fatality rate
across the EU has reduced by about 50%.
Euro NCAP has released a 2025 Road Map which
addresses the safety of vulnerable road users including:
Driver Monitoring (2020), Automatic Emergency Steering (2020, 2022), Autonomous
Emergency Braking (2020, 2022), Vehicle to Vehicle Data Exchange and Vehicle to
Whiplash/Rear-end Crash Protection (2020), Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety (2022)
Rescue, Extrication and Safety (2020), Child Presence Detection (2022)
20 Years of Progress
Global NCAP’s 2020 Vision…
In 2016 from a total of 72 million new cars as
many as 20% fail to meet UN minimum safety
standards, lacking air bags, anti-lock brakes,
or electronic stability control.
By 2020 at the latest Global NCAP
wants all new cars to meet UN crash
test standards with air bags, ABS and
ESC fitted as standard.
This needs government action to
apply UN vehicle safety standards
more widely and greater effort to
stimulate customer demand for safer
Crash Worthiness: Front & Side Occupant Protection
No airbag and poor body shell integrity
gives zero stars. But just adding an airbag
(see below) makes no difference…
The combination of good body shell
integrity and an airbag results in a
Emerging Market NCAPs
Global NCAP gives financial and technical support
to emerging NCAPs in Latin America and South East
Despite weak regulatory systems in these regions
ASEAN and Latin NCAP have both programmes
have seen a rapid increase in the availability of four
and five star cars.
In India we have created a ‘Safer Cars for India’
project and this has acted as a catalyst for action
by industry and Government who have mandated
crash test standards from October 2017.
Global NCAP is also promoting its #nozerostarcars
campaign to discourage manufacturers from selling
cars that fail to meet minimum UN crash test
standards and score zero stars in NCAP ratings.
Crash Avoidance: Better to Stop the Crash than Have One!
Three key crash avoidance systems are today’s priority
technologies for passenger cars, buses, commercial vehicles
and motor cycles:
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) anti-skid system
with capacity to reduce up to 40% of run-off road
crashes. Now mandatory in most high income
Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) automatically
applies the brakes if the driver does not react and can
cut collisions at low speed by 20%. Pedestrian systems
are also appearing and will become an important injury
Motorcycle Anti-lock Brakes (ABS) improves stability
and braking performance. Motorcycles equipped with
ABS have rate of fatal crashes 37 per cent lower than
same models without.
Prediction of US Registered Vehicles with Autonomous
Emergency Braking - 2022 Voluntary Commitment
2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
50% in 2027
80% in 2034
In April 2016 UN General Assembly adopted resolution (A/Res/70/260)
which encourages Member States to adopt:
Policies and measures to implement United Nations vehicle safety
regulations or equivalent national standards to ensure that all new
motor vehicles, meet applicable minimum regulations for occupant and
other road users protection, with seat belts, air bags and active safety
systems as standard.
The World Health Organization has also just released the Save LIVES
policy package that includes recommendations for UN Member States
on vehicle safety that are fully aligned with Global NCAP’s Road Map.
Michael Bloomberg, WHO Ambassador for NCD’s, is calling on vehicle
manufacturers to apply voluntarily the UN minimum crash test
standards. Jean Todt, UN Special Envoy for Road Safety, is also
advocating an industry self commitment to safer vehicles.
UN Mandate for Safer Cars 2020 – Time for Action
Road Safety is included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Which were adopted by UN Member States in 2015& are becoming the
benchmark for best practice in corporate social responsibility.
Goals 3 for Health includes a target to halve the number of global
deaths and injuries from road crashes by 2020.
Goal 11 for Cities calls for “access to safe, affordable, accessible
& sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety…”
And is also relevant to:
Goal 8 for Work & Growth calls for safe working environments.
Goal 17 for Partnerships which encourages multi-sector co-operation
Corporate Social Responsibility
The SDGs and Road Safety
39001 Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems
6.3 RTS performance factors
c) Intermediate safety outcome factors:
- safety of vehicles, especially considering occupant protection, protection of other road
users (vulnerable as well as other vehicle occupants), road traffic crash avoidance and
mitigation, roadworthiness, vehicle load capacity and securing of loads in and on the
…improving the safety rating (for example New Car Assessment Program) level of the
Consumer programs test and publish safety ratings for many vehicle types and models
which can be used by organizations to assist them in making informed decisions about the
level of safety they seek in vehicle fleets.
Global NCAP’s Fleet Purchase Guide
Global NCAP has prepared a Fleet Safety Guide
to help managers make better choices in vehicle
selection. We recommend:
Choose a Five Star car wherever possible - and never less
than four stars - as rated by a recognised NCAP.
Where NCAP ratings are unavailable, we suggest using
the following regulatory benchmarks:
As Mandatory Requirements (For immediate application as the minimum safety requirements)
Frontal & Side collision protection – UN Regulation 94 & 95
Seat belt anchorages belts and restraint systems – UN Regulation 14 & 16
Electronic stability control – UN Regulation 140/GTR 8
As Highly Recommended Requirements (Highly recommended for purchase or lease if available)
Pedestrian safety – UN Regulation 127/GTR 9
Autonomous emergency braking
• Accelerate full fleet penetration of vehicles that meet
minimum UN crash test standards and have ESC with
further incentive & regulatory actions required in
• Promote Autonomous Emergency Braking, Intelligent
Speed Adaption, and Motorcycle Anti-Lock Brakes
through a combination of incentive & regulatory
• Encourage Fleet managers to choose ‘five star’ safety
rated vehicles and act as catalyst for fitment of best
• Encourage innovation in Autonomous Vehicles
through a permissive regulatory environment
supported by evidence based research and
independent validation to promote user acceptability
Agenda 2030 – What Are the Vehicle Safety Priorities?
is pleased to acknowledge support from: