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Journalism & Globalization

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In this slideshare, Anabelle Chaumun (GlobalizNow.com) gives an overview on how the topic 'globalization' appears in the western media. At Globaliz, we think that we come to an age where globalization is not only exchanges of material and financial goods, but also wealth through national and international communities abroad.

Publié dans : Actualités & Politique
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Journalism & Globalization

  1. 1. Journalism and GlobalizationJournalism and Globalization What journalists and news media do and can do ?
  2. 2. How new is globalization and what is ‘new’ about it ? • Roman Empire • Marco Polo • Christopher Columbus • Catholic Church • Pre-WWI commerce
  3. 3. Factors influencing globalization • Transnational corporations have grown in size and influence. They establish key facts (e.g who the major players are) • Means of communications have improved, both transport mechanisms (e.g aeroplanes and high-speed rail) and information exchange (e.g internet, new technologies, social networks) • New markets are developing all the time. Nowadays, Western companies wish to sell to Asia (China and India) and stock markets are growing in this area. • International organizations have developed since the Second World War. They attempt to referee the ‘global game’ and cover the names of the main agencies
  4. 4. The key concepts • Globalization • Nation State • Global village • Internationalisation • International Institutions • Multilateral Institutions • Multilateral Organisations • Technology • Intervention • International Governance • Population • Migration • Corporations • Economy • Convergence • Environment • External/Internal Costs • Resistance
  5. 5. Globalization governance • UN-System (WTO, IMF, World Bank, WHO, FAO, UNICEF, UNESCO, etc.) • G-8 • G-20 • Corporations • NGOs • Media systems • EU • NAFTA • ASEAN • MercoSur
  6. 6. The role of news media in the globalization process Formal and informal news institutions are pervasive agents of globalization, as well as democratization, and whilst strengthening the national state, it is paradoxically also facilitating the process of de-constructing the very notion of it in a globalization context (Curran, 2005; Lacher, 2006; McQuail and Siune, 2003).
  7. 7. News should be typified as global news and no longer only or mainly as international or foreign news (Thussu, 2007) It is not a question of foreign news (i.e. media reporting about news elsewhere in the world) as such becoming more global in scope (e.g. Reese, 2001), but rather that local (domestic/national) news, also when reported by foreign journalists, are expanding into a new form of global journalism. Is there such thing as global news media organs ?
  8. 8. Building global communities New networks are emerging at a global scale, thus creating, inside the concept of uniformization, a particular pattern of regionalisation of knowledge which encourages populations to gather into units according to their interests and values. By meeting the needs of one community, global news media outlets are considered as major agents of these new information flows and intellectual exchanges, sustaining to some extent the ‘glocalisation’ trend.
  9. 9. National stories : the country as a new media platform Globalization should be seen as an era of extensive professional possibilities, experimenting with a process of sharing stories with people of common interests around the world. New devices which facilitate mobility are growing at a fast pace, thus accelerating intercultural exchanges between nations. With the advent of new media platforms, globalization is challenged: it is no longer about spreading material goods worldwide but, rather, giving a non- material value to the global marketplace.
  10. 10. Further readings De Beer, A.S. (2010), “News from and in ‘The Dark Continent‘”, Journalism Studies, Vol. 11, No. 4, p.596-609 Reese, S. (2001), “Understanding the Global Journalist : a hierarchy-of-influences approach”, Journalism Studies Vol. 2, No. 2, p. 173-87 Thussu, D. K. (Ed.) (2007), “Media on the Move : Global flow and Contra-Flow, London : Routledge Anabelle Chaumun