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4. Disease information
2. Current database content
9. References
1 Centre for Discovery Brain Sciences, University of Edin...
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The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARAMCOLOGY in 2018: new features and updates

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2018 update poster for the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY. Giving details of new features and updates. To be presented at Pharmacology Futures, Edinburgh, May 2018; ELIXIR-All Hands, Berlin, June 2018 and World Congress of Pharmacology, Kyoto, Japan, July 2018

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The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARAMCOLOGY in 2018: new features and updates

  1. 1. 4. Disease information 2. Current database content 9. References 1 Centre for Discovery Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. 2 School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham Medical School, Nottingham, UK. 3 Experimental Medicine and Immunotherapeutics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge. 4 Spedding Research Solutions SAS, Paris, France. * The International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification. www.guidetopharmacology.org enquiries@guidetopharmacology.org @GuidetoPHARM The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY in 2018: new features and updates Supported by: We especially thank all contributors, collaborators and NC-IUPHAR members 1. Introduction The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (GtoPdb) is an open, expert-driven database of pharmacological targets and the substances that act on them [1]. It is a joint initiative between the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) and the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR), which aims to cover the human targets of licensed drugs and other likely targets of future therapeutics. The information is presented at two levels: 1. Overviews of the key properties, selective ligands and further reading for a wide range of human biological targets, which form the basis for the Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY (CGTP) [2]. 2. Detailed pharmacological, functional and clinical information for a subset of important targets. All data are manually curated from the primary literature and reviewed by an international network of >500 experts in 96 subcommittees of the IUPHAR Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification (NC-IUPHAR). ~1,700 established or potential data- supported drug targets ~1,100 additional related proteins • G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), inc. orphan GPCRs & Adhesion GPCRs • Voltage-gated ion channels (VGICs) • Ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs) • Other ion channels • Nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) • Enzymes, inc. kinases & proteases • Catalytic receptors • Transporters >9,000 ligands • Approved drugs • Experimental compounds & labelled ligands • Hormones, neurotransmitters, metabolites • Endogenous and synthetic peptides • Antibodies • Natural products • Inorganic chemicals Figure 1. Examples of various kinase database tables 1. Harding SD, et al. (2018) The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY in 2018: Updates and expansion to encompass the new Guide to IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY. Nucl. Acids Res. 46 (Issue D1): D1091-D1106. 2. Alexander SPH, et al. (2017) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2017/18. Br J Pharmacol. 174 (Suppl 1): S1- S446. 3. Bento AP, et al. (2014). The ChEMBL bioactivity database: an update. Nucl. Acids Res. 42 (Database Issue): D1083- D1090. 4. Rose PW, et al. (2017) The RCSB protein data bank: integrative view of protein, gene and 3D structural information. Nucl Acids Res, 45 (Database Issue), D271-D281. In addition, for a “how-to” guide on using GtoPdb see: Sharman JL, et al. (2018) Accessing Expert‐Curated Pharmacological Data in the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY. Curr Protoc Bioinformatics. 61: 1.34.1-1.34.46. GtoPdb is an ELIXIR UK node resource 5. Navigating target and ligand families Targets are organised by class, which can be browsed as a tree with families and subfamilies (Fig. 3). Ligands have also recently been organised into related families and groups (Fig. 4). Each family/group page lists summary information for the ligands, with links to more detailed pages (Fig. 5). Figure 3. Target families Adam J. Pawson1, Joanna L. Sharman1, Jane Armstrong1, Elena Faccenda1, Simon D. Harding1, Christopher Southan1, Stephen P.H. Alexander2, Anthony P. Davenport3, Michael Spedding4, Jamie A. Davies1 and NC-IUPHAR* 7. SynPHARM database of ligand binding sequences SynPHARM is a tool for finding ligand binding sequences which can be engineered into synthetic proteins to confer drugability. It combines pharmacological parameters from GtoPdb with ligand binding data from the RCSB Protein Data Bank [4] (Fig. 7). It is freely available at http://synpharm.guidetopharmacology.org. Figure 7. (A/B) The location of a ligand binding sequence is shown in green on a protein structure. (C) A residue distance matrix indicating ‘globularity’ of the sequence. The dotted line represents the binding sequence – the greener the area is the more compact the sequence. A B C 6. Comparing ligand affinity across species Ligand activity graphs provide a quick way to visualise affinity at different targets and across species. Box plots (Fig. 6A) summarise standardised activity data from GtoPdb and ChEMBL. Individual data points, assay details and references are provided in an accompanying table (Fig. 6B). Figure 6. Chart and table showing palosuran activity at human and rat UT receptors Figure 4. Ligand families Figure 5. A ligand family summary page A B 8. Downloading data Data are available to download in various formats: • Lists of targets, ligands and interactions in CSV format • REST web services for computational access to data in JSON format • SQL database dump files • Interaction data are now available in RDF format for semantic integration 3. New search tools Various search tools are available to find targets and ligands by name, ID, reference, chemical structure similarity, or BLAST sequence search. A new Pharmacology Search Tool (Fig. 1) allows users to upload lists of protein IDs and find ligands that modulate them, from both the GtoPdb and ChEMBL [3] databases. Figure 1. (A) Pharmacology Search Tool with searching restricted to 3 interactions per target. (B) Results show activity data summarised from GtoPdb and ChEMBL. A list of diseases associated to targets and ligands in GtoPdb is now available (Fig. 2). Results from searches can be downloaded as a CSV file by clicking the Download button in the top right. Tip Figure 2. (A) Disease list. (B) A disease summary page. A B A B