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  2. 2. SOCIAL WORKER •The social worker professionals and practitioners are aware that their profession is based on the principles of human rights and social justice that serve to empower individuals, groups and communities to develop their full potential and well-being.
  3. 3. SOCIAL WORK •The focus of intervention in social work is the relationship between the individual and their immediate and wider social environment. Particular emphasis is placed on meeting the needs of vulnerable and marginalized individuals and groups.
  4. 4. DEFINING THE ROLES, FUNCTIONS, AND COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Social worker features as a helping profession which “ has a dual aim of helping individuals fit better into their environments (micro practice), and changing the environment so that it works better for individuals (macro practice).
  5. 5. ROLES OF SOCIAL WORK The roles are generally interwoven with functions but Dubois and Miley 2008, have provided elements that can be distinctively viewed as roles rather than functions.
  6. 6. FOR INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES Enabler – helping people find solutions They are brokers or advocates in case management. They are teachers in terms of information processing.
  7. 7. FOR FORMAL GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS Facilitator – in aid of organizational development They are conveyer or mediator in aid of creating networks. They are trainer for professional development. They are teachers in terms of information processing.
  8. 8. FOR COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY Planner – facilitating research and planning They are activist in aid of social action. They conduct outreach in aid of community education.
  9. 9. WITHIN THE SOCIAL WORK PROFESSION Colleague / Monitor – in aid of professional enculturation and socialization They are catalysts for community service. They are researcher-scholars in aid of knowledge development and capacity building.
  10. 10. MODERN ROLES OF SOCIAL WORKERS Case Management Case management is when social workers help their clients navigate the social service system. This may involve providing information and resources, connecting clients with community services, and teaching them how to advocate for themselves. Direct Practice Direct practice in social work involves many responsibilities, including maintaining immediate contact with clients and connecting them with the services and resources they need. Policy Building Social workers are deeply involved in both the creation and implementation of policy through direct contact with the most vulnerable segments of the population
  11. 11. FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL WORK • Counsel with individuals, facilitate groups, work with families, refine agency procedures, initiate new programs, lobby for legislative changes, organize community action, educate the public, conduct needs assessments, and evaluate practice and programs at various system levels and targets of change or social transformation; • Enhance social functioning of individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities;
  12. 12. FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL WORK • Link clients systems with needed resources; • Improve the operations of social service delivery network; and • Promote social justice through development of social policy
  13. 13. FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL WORK Consultancy Refers to professional activities through which social workers and their clients plan, initiate, and pursue actions towards desired change. Resource Management Refers to the act of coordinating, systematizing, and integrating resources and services needed to support social functioning, meeting needs and resolving Education Refers to the provision of knowledge and critical information. Refers to the act of coordinating, systematizing, and integrating resources and services needed to support social functioning, meeting needs and resolving
  14. 14. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Foundational Abilities and Skills • Think critically • Build and sustain relationships • Execute empowering processes • Use practical methods • Analyze policies • Communicate effectively • Strong cultural and intercultural competence • Good computer literacy • Conduct research • Do social planning • Perform crisis intervention • Sound time management
  15. 15. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Functional Competencies • Handle case management with various clients and population group. • Perform direct practice depending on the needs of the client and the environment in which the social worker operate. • Conduct mediations among parties especially where one party is socially disadvantages.
  16. 16. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Functional Competencies • Make referrals to appropriate agencies and service sectors needed by the client. • In gerontological context, perform program planning and administration in numerous settings.
  17. 17. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Functional Competencies • In mental health setting, function are cases managers, advocates, administrators, therapists, and to use research as basis for problem-solving and choice intervention in empirically based practice. • In school system, analyze the transactions between students, teachers, parents, and the school system.
  18. 18. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Functional Competencies • In the judicial system, make system more fair and beneficial to both convicted criminals and their victims; and • Pursue social change on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals, eliminating economic inequalities and poverty.
  19. 19. COMPETENCIES OF SOCIAL WORK Generic Competencies • Empathic • Compassionate • Observes confidentiality • Has a sense of humor • Listening Skills
  20. 20. AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION OF SOCIAL WORK Professional social work requires full professional training with college degree and in a number of cases, requires a person to have a master’s or doctor’s degree in social work.
  21. 21. FAMILY AND CHILD WELFARE This includes services to families in situations that seriously disrupt family life such as physical or mental illness , unemployment, divorce, in aid of improving client’s family life.
  22. 22. FAMILY AND CHILD WELFARE In child welfare programs or services such as adoption, daycare, foster child care, and care for children with disabilities and aiding physically or emotionally abused children and their family.
  23. 23. HEALTH Social workers help patients and their families in clinics, hospitals, and other health-care facilities. they provide physicians information about the social and economic background of patients;
  24. 24. HEALTH Help patients and their families deal with the impact of illness and death and counsel patients who have been discharged to help them return to everyday life; provide counseling in maternal and child care; the care for dying patients and victims of certain diseases like HIV or cancer.
  25. 25. MENTAL HEALTH Social workers provide aid to people suffering from mental and emotional stress and many other services similar to the ones offered by medical social workers. Psychotherapy
  26. 26. CORRECTIONS Social workers in corrections are involved with programs concerned with the prevention of crime and the rehabilitation of criminals and provide counsel to people who are on probation or parole.
  27. 27. SCHOOLS Social work in school is part of the program on all levels, from preschool through college. It includes services to students in special schools for individuals with emotional disturbances or physical disabilities.
  28. 28. SCHOOLS Social workers in schools provide vocational counseling, school adjustment counseling, and help with behavioral management and personal problems. They also assist students who have learning difficulties and help them work to their potential.
  29. 29. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES OF SOCIAL WORK Social work careers span a wide variety of job opportunities in both public and private practice. Social workers can directly work with people they serve and it is common for them to volunteer their services.
  30. 30. HARTMAN (2015) CAREER OPPORTUNITIES •Administrators •Supervisors •Planners •Researchers •Teachers •Child Welfare Administration •Elderly Care Services
  31. 31. HARTMAN (2015) CAREER OPPORTUNITIES •Clinics and Community Treatment Centers •Public Housing Projects •Work-related Services •Health Counseling •Retirement Planning •Social Planning Practitioners •Researchers
  32. 32. DUBOIS AND MILEY (2008) CAREER OPPORTUNITIES • Home Health • Aging Services • Mental Health • Criminal Justice • Rehabilitation • School-linked Services • Forensic Social Work • Corporate- based employee assistance • International Practice • Service Centers
  33. 33. The number of social work professionals in the Philippines are much smaller but they are present in a variety of settings, including hospitals, retirement homes, mental health clinics, schools, non-profit agencies, and government offices.
  35. 35. The social work profession facilitates social change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation of people. Principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility and respect for diversities are central to social work. Underpinned by theories of social work, social sciences, humanities and indigenous knowledge, social work engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance well-being (March 2013)
  36. 36. RIGHTS OF SOCIAL WORK •right to fulfill its professional mandates •to live by its values
  37. 37. RESPONSIBILITIES OF SOCIAL WORK •Accountable to the client, the general public, society •Help children •Assist life-threatening problems •Aid people in overcoming addiction •Protect and uphold respect for people •Promote Social Justice
  38. 38. RESPONSIBILITIES OF SOCIAL WORK •Apply the professional values and principles set out above to their practice •They should act with integrity and treat people with compassion, empathy, and care.
  39. 39. ACCOUNTABILITY OF SOCIAL WORK •Accountability of social worker is to the clients, colleagues, employers, professional associations, and to the law.
  40. 40. ACCOUNTABILITY OF SOCIAL WORK Social workers are accountable for their actions to the values and principles of the profession, which require them to act in a reliable, honest, and trustworthy manner. They are answerable to their clients.
  41. 41. CODE OF ETHICS OF SOCIAL WORK The code of ethics specifies the standards of ethics, conduct, and performance expected of registered social workers.
  43. 43. VALUE: SERVICE ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS’ PRIMARY GOAL IS TO HELP PEOPLE IN NEED AND TO ADDRESS SOCIAL PROBLEMS •Social workers elevate service to others above self-interest. Social workers draw on their knowledge, values, and skills to help people in need and to address social problems. Social workers are encouraged to volunteer some portion of their professional skills without expecting significant financial return (pro bono service).
  44. 44. VALUE: SOCIAL JUSTICE ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS CHALLENGE SOCIAL INJUSTICE •Social workers pursue social change, particularly with and on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals and groups of people. Social workers’ social change efforts are focused primarily on issues of poverty, unemployment, discrimination, and other forms of social injustice. These activities seek to promote sensitivity to and knowledge about oppression and cultural and ethnic diversity.
  45. 45. VALUE: SOCIAL JUSTICE ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS CHALLENGE SOCIAL INJUSTICE • Social workers strive to ensure access to needed information, services, and resources; equality of opportunity; and meaningful participation in decision making for all people.
  46. 46. VALUE: DIGNITY AND WORTH OF THE PERSON ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS RESPECT THE INHERENT DIGNITY AND WORTH OF THE PERSON •Social workers treat each person in a caring and respectful fashion, mindful of individual differences and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers promote clients’ socially responsible self- determination. Social workers seek to enhance clients’ capacity and opportunity to change and to address their own needs.
  47. 47. VALUE: DIGNITY AND WORTH OF THE PERSON ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS RESPECT THE INHERENT DIGNITY AND WORTH OF THE PERSON •Social workers are cognizant of their dual responsibility to clients and to the broader society. They seek to resolve conflicts between clients’ interests and the broader society’s interests in a socially responsible manner consistent with the values, ethical principles, and ethical standards of the profession.
  48. 48. VALUE: IMPORTANCE OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS RECOGNIZE THE CENTRAL IMPORTANCE OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS •Social workers understand that relationships between and among people are an important vehicle for change. Social workers engage people as partners in the helping process. Social workers seek to strengthen relationships among people in a purposeful effort to promote, restore, maintain, and enhance the well- being of individuals, families, social groups, organizations, and communities.
  49. 49. VALUE: INTEGRITY ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS BEHAVE IN A TRUSTWORTHY MANNER •Social workers are continually aware of the profession’s mission, values, ethical principles, and ethical standards and practice in a manner consistent with them. Social workers act honestly and responsibly and promote ethical practices on the part of the organizations with which they are affiliated.
  50. 50. VALUE: COMPETENCE ETHICAL PRINCIPLE: SOCIAL WORKERS PRACTICE WITHIN THEIR AREAS OF COMPETENCE AND DEVELOP AND ENHANCE THEIR PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE •Social workers continually strive to increase their professional knowledge and skills and apply them in practice. Social workers should aspire to contribute to the knowledge base of the profession.
  51. 51. ETHICAL STANDARDS The following ethical standards are relevant to the professional activities of all social workers. These standards are concerned with the social workers’ ethical responsibilities: (1) to clients; (2) to colleagues; (3) in practice settings; (4) as professionals; (5) to the social work profession; and (6) to the broader society.
  52. 52. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 1. Social workers are expected to uphold human rights in their practice. 2. Social workers should respect the rights and dignity of people. 3. Social workers should respect relationships of people who use their services. 4. Social workers should promote social justice.
  53. 53. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 5. Social workers should comply with the laws and regulations governing their practice. 6. Social workers should carry out their duties professionally and ethically. 7. Social workers should demonstrate ethical awareness.
  54. 54. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 8. Social workers should act in the best interest of people who use their services. 9. Social workers should communicate with people who use their services, careers, and professionals. 10. Social workers should seek informed consent of people who use their services.
  55. 55. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 11. Social workers should keep accurate records. 12. Social workers should deal appropriately with health and safety risks. 13. Social workers should willingly collaborate, delegate, and manage appropriately. 14. Social workers should undertake research ethically
  56. 56. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 15. Social workers should maintain high standards of personal conduct. 16. Social workers should act with integrity. This means that they should not abuse the relationship of the trust with people using their services; they should recognize the boundaries between personal and professional life, and they should not abuse their position for personal benefit or gain.
  57. 57. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 17. Social workers should provide accurate information about their conduct and competence. 18. Social workers should treat information about people who use their services as confidential except in situations that call for greater ethical requirement such as preservation of life. 19. Social workers should act within the limits of their professional knowledge, skills, and experience.
  58. 58. GUIDELINES FOR PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT 20. Social workers should keep their professional knowledge and skills up to date so that they are able to provide appropriate services. 21. Social workers should demonstrate professional accountability.