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Lecture 10: Best Practice: Post Disaster Response

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Lecture 10: Best Practice: Post Disaster Response
Ashar Saputra, S.T., M.T., Ph.D. (UGM)
2019 ProSPER.Net Young Researchers' School
6 March 2019

Publié dans : Environnement
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Lecture 10: Best Practice: Post Disaster Response

  1. 1. 05/03/2019 1 BEST PRACTICE; POSTDISASTER RESPONSE AsharSaputra, PHD ProSPER.NetYoungResearcher’sSchool(YRS) Yogyakarta,6th March, 2019 Topics • Introduction • EmergencyResponse • Transition • RehabilitationandReconstruction • Importantnotes(Criticson housingreconstructionpolicy,caseLombok) • Conclusion
  2. 2. 05/03/2019 2 Introduction INFRASTUCTURES RELATED TOPICS Disaster response sequence Introduction • Infrastructurescouldbedamagedduetodisaster; Lostofhousing Publicservicesinterrupted/stopped(includinghospitalandmedicalservices) Watersupplysystem Oilandgaspipeline Roadnetwork,bridgeinterruptedorclosed Powerline Communicationline Irrigationsystem Ports Sewage, trashandsanitationsystem
  3. 3. 05/03/2019 3 • Lost of housing Yogyakarta Earthquake, 27 Mei 2006 Tasikmalaya Earthquake, 2 September 2009 Padang Earthquake, 2010 Lombok Earthquake, 2018 Palu Earthquake, 2018 Infrastructures could be damaged due to disaster Damaged public facilities • Yogyakarta Earthquake, 27 Mei 2006 Padang Earthquake, 2010 Lombok Earthquake, 2018 Lombok Earthquake, 2018Palu Earthquake, 2018
  4. 4. 05/03/2019 4 Padang Earthquake, 2010 Damaged public facilities Mount Merapi Eruption, 2010 Damaged infrastructures
  5. 5. 05/03/2019 5 DamagedPort (PaluEarthquake, 2018) INFRASTUCTURES RELATED TOPICS
  6. 6. 05/03/2019 6 HumanityResponse • 10to 24firsthoursafterdisaster • Justprovidewith food,water,cloth andfirstaid • No clearinformationondamagelevel andvictims • Usuallychaotic • Someincorrectandirresponsibleinformation,worsenthesituation • Lostofvehicles, valuablegoods HumanityResponse –Inmanycases,hospitalandmedicalfacilitieswereNOTREADY forhandlingdisastersituation.HospitalDisasterPreparedness (HDP)shallbeevaluatedandimproved –Trafficcongestionandheavytrafficjamblockthedeliveryof ambulanceandlogistic –Distributionoflogisticsto remoteandisolatedarea –Lackofinformationontemporaryshelter.Sometimesthe survivorhavetostayovernightontheopensky –Dataacquisitionrelatednumberandlevelofwoundusually difficulttobedone
  7. 7. 05/03/2019 7 HumanityResponse Mataram-Pemenang (30 km) normally takes 45 minutes. At the 2nd day after earthquake, it take 3,5 hours! INFRASTUCTURES RELATED TOPICS
  8. 8. 05/03/2019 8 EmergencyResponse(2weeksto1 month) Aim: Provide minimum service of basic facilities to support advanced medical treatment, logistic distribution, and lifeline Hospital/Me dical facility Shelter Road and connectivity Lifeline • Rapid assessment on number of casualties and available medical facilities and personnel • Ambulance service, distribution and delivery system • Available medicine, equipment and tools • Restore road, bridge, at least to minimum function to support emergency medical and logistic transportation • Provide temporary shelter for survivor • Water and sanitation • Electricity and communication service Logistics • Food and water, cloth, sanitary Lombok Earthquake, 2018 Palu Earthquake, 2018
  9. 9. 05/03/2019 9
  10. 10. 05/03/2019 10 INFRASTUCTURES RELATED TOPICS Transition • 1monthafteremergencyresponseended • To preparerehabilitationandreconstructionphase • Periodoftransitionto normalsituation • Survivorsstaysattemporaryshelter • Demolishingandclearingof totallydamagedfacilities • Detailinvestigationon repairableof damagedinfrastructures
  11. 11. 05/03/2019 11 Lombok Earthquake, 2018
  12. 12. 05/03/2019 12 Temporary Shelter, Mount Merapi Eruption (2010)
  13. 13. 05/03/2019 13
  14. 14. 05/03/2019 14 Introduction INFRASTUCTURES RELATED TOPICS Rehabilitationandreconstruction • PrincipleofBUILDBACKBETTER haveto befollowed • Properretrofitting(repair,strengthen,rehabilitation)of repairablebuildings.Needs specialexpertise • Reconstructionofpermanenthousing • Inthecaseofliquefaction,resettlementarea,rearrangementof landusehaveto determinedfirst
  15. 15. 05/03/2019 15
  16. 16. 05/03/2019 16
  17. 17. 05/03/2019 17 Repairing, strengthening, Palu Airport, 2019
  18. 18. 05/03/2019 18 ReconstructionofSDN6 Sesait,NorthLombok 26 November 2018 3 January 2019 7 January 2019
  19. 19. 05/03/2019 19 15 January 2019 2 Februari 2019
  20. 20. 05/03/2019 20 10 Februari 2019 Importantnotes (Criticson housingreconstructionpolicy,caseLombok) • Replicationof successstoryofhousingreconstructionALWAIS HAVE TObereadjustedfor everyspecific location • Lessonlearntfrom housingreconstruction – Aceh2004. Too maydonors, justgive thekeyof house.Community empowerment andsocial cohesion isleft behind – Yogyakarta, 2006. Community participation andsocial cohesion wasmaintained. Picked asreferend • 175.000houses finishedon 2yearsreconstruction • Pokmas(communitygroup) andREKOMPAK (rehabilitation andreconstruction ofsettlementbasedon community) initiated – BUT,Yogyakarta casewas havingsome opportunity: • Materialavailabilityintermof qualityandquantity • Conventional RCbeamandbrick wall, a common practice for thesite • Appropriate quantityandqualityoffacilitator
  21. 21. 05/03/2019 21 Importantnotes (Criticson housingreconstructionpolicy,caseLombok) • LombokReconstruction –UntiltheendofFebruary,lessthan1000housesreconstructed(<2%) after7monthsfrom themost significantearthquake –Atthebeginning,GovernmentoverRISHA, precastconcretepanelhousing –Relativelynew, notacommonpractices –Heavy,needgooddetailingandqualitycontrol –Somepartisnotavailable –SLOW RISBA (InstantSteelStructuresHousing) • RISBA(InstantSteel Structures Housing)isproposed
  22. 22. 05/03/2019 22 RISBA (InstantSteelStructuresHousing) Conclussion • RessilienceCommunity,disasterpreparedness,arenotachieved • Inappropriatepolicyworsenthesituation • Replicationofbestpracticesstillneedadjustment,reanalysisfor eachsituation,putlocal resources,obstacles, etc.intoconsideration • Newstrategyfor emergencyresponseisstronglyneeded • “BuildBackBetter”principleisamusttoreducethelost duetonexthazard

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