Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?

Education for Sustainable Development à UNU-IAS
20 Nov 2018

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Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?

  1. Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold? VISHANTHINI KANASAN Centre for Global Sustainable Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia THITICHAYA BOONSOM Faculty of Environmental Management, Prince of Songkla University Thailand ______________________________ ProSPER.Net Leadership for Urban Sustainable Development Programme 2018 12-16 November 2018 Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology
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  3. By 2050, urban dwellers probably will account for 86 per cent of the population in developed countries (UNPD, 2012a). Solid-waste management is the single largest budget item for many cities (World Bank, 2012; UN-HABITAT, 2010). Why solid waste management is important?
  4. Melbourne Waste Facts 2014-2015 Financial Year Residential Waste: 23,000 tonnes, 8,0000 tonnes collected for recycling and composting. Food waste is one of major component of general waste stream. Recyclables such as packaging are yet to be recycled effectively. 35 waste and recycling collection companies with permit in central city area. Estimated 2% of total 7.2 million tonnes of generated CO2-3 attributed to waste sector in 2012-2013. Councils current expenditure on waste services - $10m per annum, with tipping fees including landfill levy at $3.5m Population 5,000,000 (2018) • Density 500/km 2 (1,300/sq mi) Area 9,992.5 km 2 (3,858.1 sq mi) LGA(s) 31 Municipalities across Greater Melbourne
  5. SDG Target 11.6: By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management. Environment Protection Act 1970 (EPA): EPA is committed to reducing the amount of waste generated in Victoria and uses the wastes hierarchy in conjunction with the other 10 environment protection principles in the Act to achieve this aim. The National Waste Policy 2009 The City of Melbourne’s Activities Local Law includes a number of clauses that relate to waste management.
  6. Expectation VS Reality Waste management hierarchy (UNEP, 2011) Source:
  7. City of Melbourne’s Waste Management Challenges Source:
  8. •Continued installation of infrastructure, signage and accessible recycling collection services with a new focus on improving recovery of hard waste and e-waste. High-rise recycling program •Continued provision of waste and recycling facilities in specific locations as part of a precinct approach to waste management. Compactors and recycling hubs in central city locations •Expansion of the facility. Degraves Street Recycling Facility •Collaborating with Victorian Government and other local government municipalities to find an alternative to landfill disposal Advanced waste treatment. •Continuation of programs that assist in improving recycling levels through education and the provision of incentives. Rewards for recycling Initiatives Source:
  9. / Residential organics Establishment of trial programs to test the viability of food waste diversion in residential high rise apartments and dwellings. Commercial organics Increase support for food reuse programs.. Improved recovery of electronic and hard waste Implementation of measures to improve the recovery of these materials from the residential waste stream and divert them from landfill. Partnerships for improved waste management Continue to establish joint waste management projects with commercial businesses that provide local amenity improvement. Investigate the feasibility and possible operating models to support the sectionalisation of the Central City into zones. Improved cardboard recovery Includes building more flexibility into current contractual arrangements for the collection of cardboard from the central city. Initiatives Source:
  10. Prevention 10 Melbourne Growth Projection • Higher Density • Increase in number of high rise building (both residential and commercial) Waste Projection • Increase in Municipal waste Focus • Residential/Commercial higher rise property owners • Property Management/Joint Management Bodies
  11. Recommendation: People Oriented Approach 11 Setting Goals/Vision Policy Revision & Adaptation by Government Agencies Policy & Guide Lines Adopted by Local Government Awareness Program by Engaging Stakeholders Implementation of Policy in Phases (providing grey period for holistic adoption of policy) Policy Education Between Various Stakeholders Multi Stakeholder Focus Group Discussion Draft Policy (House/Common Rules & Guidelines People Engagement) Implementation of Segregation at Source
  12. ‘If you want to help the environment, try to do just two things. One, use less of your car. Second, separate your garbage.’ Jaime Lerner 12 THANK YOU

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. Rapid urban population growth has resulted in a number of land-use and infrastructural challenges, including municipal solid-waste management. National and municipal governments often have insufficient capacity or funding to meet the growing demand for solid-waste management services (Tacoli, 2012).
  2. These include a requirement for waste companies operating within the central city to be registered and for waste bins to be fully closed when stored in the public place or placed out for collection