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NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION andRAMAMURTI COMMISSION HARPREET DHATT M.Sc [N] 1st Year
The function of education is to teachone to think intensively and to thinkcritically. Intelligence plus characterthat is the goal of true education. -MartinLuther King Jr.
• Education has always beenTitle accorded an honored place in Indian society. • The great leaders of the Indian freedom movement realized the fundamental role of education and throughout the nation’s struggle for independence, stressed its unique significance for national development.
Gandhi formulatedthe scheme of basiceducation, seekingto harmonizeintellectual andmanual work. Thiswas a great stepforward in makingeducation directlyrelevant to the life ofthe people.
• The National Policy on Education (NPE) is a policy formulated by the Government of India to promote education amongst India’s people.• The policy covers elementary education to colleges in both rural and urban India.• The first NPE was promulgated in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and second by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986.
BACKGROUND (NEED)• 1) There was an urgent need to solve the problems of access, quality, quantity, utility and financial outlay, accumulated over the years which were massive in proportions.• 2) The general formulation is corporated in the 1968 policy did not get translated into detailed study of implementation. The former Prime Minister of India, Shri Rajiv Gandhi announced in January 1985, that a new education policy would be formulated in the country.
‘Challenges of education – A policy perspective’ was issued by the ministry of education, government of India.Countrywide debate on educational reformsThe new policy on education, 1986 approved by parliament in MAY 1986.
SAILENT FEATURES OF NPE’86 Common educationalstructure 10+2+3 structure
SAILENT FEATURES OF NPE’86 National curricular framework with a common coreWill include the: History of India’s freedom movement, The constitutional obligations, Other content essential to nurture national identity.
National curricularframework with a common coreMinimum levels of learningPriorities of educational reformsMeaningful partnership
Education for AllTo universalize elementary education To prevent the possibility of adult illiteracy in the years by reducing the dropouts in schools. To accelerate non-formal education and make education reach the remotest corner of the country.
Scientific and Technological Development• Strengthen educational T.V.(E.T.V.) and audio program capabilities and provide wider access to them.• To improve science education in schools.
Promote rural technology and appropriatetechnology to achieve economic development. Develop scientific temper. Acquaints students and teachers with therange of computer application and itspotential as a learning medium.
Social and Cultural DevelopmentTo create awareness regarding our culturalheritage to develop appreciation of diversecultures of our countryTo develop appreciation of the achievementof our national leaders.To promote values of nationalintegration, secularism.
To remove barriers between various agegroups, diverse cultures, socio economicgroups and urban and rural communityTo provide equal opportunities to allcommunities for education
• To faster universal and eternal values oriented towards the integration of our country To provide development of Indian languages To promote rational outlook.
Human Resource Development To create awareness in all To create awareness about citizens ability the rapid increasing levels ofrate of population growth. pollution & the hazards of environment.
To develop a sense of To develop healthy responsibility & individuals capable of commitment among the contributing to the social individual to the problems and economic of nation. development.
• To make provisions for facilitating the basic minimum needs & have the maximum level of learning at all stages.
• Develop social and vocational skills Provide a broad based skill oriented vocational training
•To develop positive attitudes to work, co-operative activity & to life long learning & work culture has to be developed to have a dedicated committed work force.
Equalization of Opportunities • Equal opportunities to be given scheduled caste & tribes, backward classes and minoritiesThe handicapped to be provided facilities for special institutions Empowerment of women
Objectives of NPE “Education is the uniqueinvestment on the present and the future”
Objectives of NPEThe main thrust of the policy is theman and his/her preparation toface the 21st century.The concept of national system ofeducation implies that up to a givenlevel all students irrespective ofcaste, creed, sex etc. have access toeducation of a comparable quality.
Objectives of NPEThe national system of education will bebased on a national curricularframework.To motivate the younger generation forinternational co operation and peacefulco existence.
Objectives of NPETo encourage the young to undertake thediscovery of India, its image andperception.To establish network arrangementsbetween different institutions in thecountry
Objectives of NPETo provide opportunities to theyouth, housewives and industrial workers etc.to continue the education of their choice at thepace suited to them. The union Government would accept a largeintegrative character of education. To integrate physically and mentallyhandicapped with the general community asequal partners.
Recommendations of NPE ReorganizationEducation for of Education atEquality Different Stages
Recommendations on Education for Equality DisparityEducation for Women’s EqualityEducation of Scheduled CastesEducation of Scheduled TribesOther Educationally Backward Sections andAreas Minorities Handicapped Adult Education
Reorganization of Education at Different StagesEarly Childhood and EducationElementary EducationSchool FacilitiesNon-formal EducationA ResolveSecondary Education and Navodaya Vidalayas
Reorganization of Education at Different Stages Vocationalization of EducationHigher education Open Universities and Distance LearningTechnical and Management EducationDelinking Degrees from JobReview
MERITS OF NPE’861) Deep concern had been shown by the prime minister in formulation of NPE.2) The nation wide debate was conducted for the formulation of the policy. 3) The program of action was checked out.
4) The ministry of education was renamed as ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD).5) The policy believes in decentralization. 6) Equality of educational opportunities.
7) Vocational and technical education has received a very high priority8) The policy emphasizes recruitment of teachers on merit improvement
Limitations of NPENeglecting the ‘Neighborhood School’concept.Multiplication of authorities.No place for basic education.Silence over the existence of Public Schools andtheir commercialization.Financial implications of the implementation ofeducational reforms have not been worked out.