Concept and meaning of
The word Education comes from the Latin e-ducere meaning
to lead out.
Education is both the act of teaching knowledge to others
and the act of receiving knowledge from someone else.
Education also refers to the knowledge received through
schooling or instruction and to the institution of teaching as
Education is a never ending process of inner growth and
development and its period stretches from cradle to the grave.
Education, in real sense, is to humanise humanity, and to make life
progressive, cultured and civilized.
It is very important for the progress of individual and society.
Education is a life-long process of developing personality, shaping
behaviour and moulding character of the child. It is not just the
communication of information by the teacher or acquisition of
knowledge by the child but the total development of personality. It
consists of all those experiences which affect the individual from
birth till death
Aims and objectives of education
The aims and objectives of education are
intimately connected with human life.
Some of the important aims and objectives
of education are as follows
Development of personality
Meaning of Sociology
The word sociology is derived from the combination of the
Latin word socius- meaning companion or associate and the
Greek word logos meaning science or study
etymological meaning of sociology is the science of society
or companionship. It is the science or study of the origin,
development, organization and functioning of human society
The discipline which applies the general principles and
findings of sociology to the process of education.
It is an applied branch of sociology which provides bases for
organiing education in a manner that social problems are
removed and social progress attained.
It is the application of sociological principles and sociological
findings to solve the problems of education
. It is the study of social interaction, e.g. classroom interaction
(a) Teacher- teacher relationship
(b) Student- student relationship
(c) Student- student relationship
(d) Student- teacher relationship and
(e) Teacher- administrator relationship
Sociology is a wide and comprehensive subject
which deals with the influences of education
process on social relationship and the effects of
sociological processes on education. Following are
the important issues of study for educational
Mutual relations of teachers and study.
The place of a teacher in society.
Social problems, needs and aspirations.
Small units of society and their interrelation.
School and its relations with local social institutions.
Effect of social life upon individuals and school.
Progress of democratic feelings in school.
Modifications in the curriculum for individual and social growth.
Encouragement to critical thinking and investigation.
Educational sociology is the study of the social factors that influence and are influenced by
all educational structures and processes, both within and between societies. As a distinct
subarea within the two disciplines of sociology and education, educational sociology is also
known as the sociology of education or the social foundations of education. After identifying
the distinct characteristics of a sociological perspective in the study of education, this
article briefly discusses its historical background, some important theoretical perspectives,
and its recent development in some countries.
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