2. Mountains of
• Pakistan is blessed with a long
range of mountains that are an
attraction of Geologists and
mountain climbers of all over the
world. Pakistan has more than a
hundred peaks that are above 7,000
metres. Out of the world's 14
highest peaks,4 are in Pakistan.
These highest peaks are situated
mainly in the Karakoram range.
3. Mountain Ranges
• There are three main mountain ranges in Pakistan:
• 1. Karakoram Range
• 3.Hindu Kush
4. Karakoram Range
• The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning
the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with
the northwest extremity of the range extending
to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
• its highest 15 mountains are all based in
• It begins in the Wakhan Corridor in the west,
encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan,
and extends into Ladakh and Aksai Chin.
• It is the second highest mountain range in the
• The Karakoram has eighteen summits over
7,500 m height, with four of them exceeding
• K2, the second highest peak in the world at
5. The Himalayas
• The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia
separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from
the Tibetan Plateau.
• The range has some of the planet's highest peaks,
including the highest, Mount Everest.
• Over 100 peaks exceeding 7,200 m in elevation lie in
• The Himalayas cross five countries: Bhutan, India,
Nepal, China, and Pakistan.
• The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest
by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the
north by the Tibetan Plateau.
• Some of the world's major rivers, the Indus,
the Ganges, rise in the vicinity of the Himalayas.
• 53 million people live in the Himalayas.
6. The Hindu Kush
• The Hindu Kush is an 800-kilometre-long mountain
range in Central and South Asia.
• The range forms the western section of the Hindu Kush
Himalayan Region to the north, near its northeastern end,
the Hindu Kush buttresses the Pamir Mountains near the
point where the borders of China, Pakistan and Afghanistan
meet, after which it runs southwest through Pakistan and
into Afghanistan near their border.
• The eastern end of the Hindu Kush in the north merges with
the Karakoram Range. The range has numerous high snow-
capped peaks, with the highest point being Tirich Mir at
7,708 metres in the Chitral District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,
• The range and communities settled in it hosted ancient
monasteries, important trade networks and travelers
between Central Asia and South Asia.
• The Hindu Kush range has also been the passageway during
the invasions of the Indian subcontinent and continues to be
important during modern-era warfare in Afghanistan.
7. K2(Mount Godwin Austin)
• K2, at 8,611 metres above sea level, is the second-highest
mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest at 8,849 metres.
• It lies in the Karakoram range, in part in the Gilgit-
Baltistan region of Kashmir.
• K2 also became popularly known as the Savage
Mountain after George Bell—a climber told reporters, "It's a
savage mountain that tries to kill you.“
• Of the five highest mountains in the world, K2 is the
deadliest; approximately one person dies on the mountain for
every four who reach the summit.
• Also occasionally known as Mount Godwin-Austen, and King
of the Mountains.
• K2 is the only 8,000+ metre peak that has never been climbed
from its eastern face.
• The peak has now been climbed by almost all of its ridges.
• Although the summit of Everest is at a higher altitude, K2 is a
more difficult and dangerous climb, due in part to its more