5. Sources of Power and Leadership Power from Personal Characteristics YES NO Power from The Position YES NO Officer Formal Leader Follower Informal Leader
6. Leadership : The exercise of influence by one member of a group or organization over other members to help the group or organization achieve its goals. Leader : An individual who is able to influence group or organizational members to help the group or organization achieve its goals. Leader Effectiveness : The extent to which a leader helps a group or organization to achieve its goals. Leadership - Key Terms
8. Early Approaches to Leadership The TRAIT THEORY seeks to identify personal characteristics that effective leaders possess. The BEHAVIOR THEORY focuses on the behaviors that effective leaders engage in.
29. Path-Goal Theory A theory which describes how leaders can motivate their followers to achieve group and organizational goals and the kinds of behaviors leaders can engage in to motivate followers.
32. Path-Goal Theory: Four Types of Behavior Directive behavior lets subordinates know what tasks need to be performed and how they should be performed. Supportive behavior lets subordinates know that their leader cares about their well-being and is looking out for them. Participative behavior enables subordinates to be involved in making decisions that affect them. Achievement-oriented behavior pushes subordinates to do their best. Includes setting difficult goals for followers, expecting high performance, and expressing confidence.
34. Decision-Making Styles Autocratic (A) - The leader makes the decision without input from subordinates. Consultative (C) - Subordinates have some input, but the leader makes the decision. Group (G) - The group makes the decision; the leader is just another group member. Delegated (D) - The leader gives exclusive responsibility to subordinates.
36. Group Problems and Decisions AI. AII. CI. CII. GII. Leader solves the problem or makes the decision using information available at the time. No outside input. The leader obtains the necessary information from subordinates. The leader makes the decision. The leader shares the problem with the relevant subordinates individually and gets their ideas and suggestions without bringing them together as a group. The leader makes the decision. The leader shares the problem with subordinates as a group, obtaining their ideas and suggestions. The leader makes the decision. The leader shares the problem with subordinates as a group, does not try to influence the group, and is willing to accept and implement any solution that has the support of the entire group. Least Participative Most Participative
37. Individual Problems and Decisions AI. AII. CI. CII. GII. The leader solves the problem or makes the decision using information available at the time. No outside input. The leader obtains the necessary information from the subordinate involved in the decision. The leader makes the decision. The leader shares the problem with the subordinate and asks for ideas and suggestions. The leader makes the decision. The leader shares the problem with the subordinate, and together they analyze the problem and arrive at a mutually agreeable solution. The leader delegates the problem to the subordinate, provides any relevant information, but gives the subordinate responsibility for solving the problem. Least Participative Most Participative