2. Commonly called “problem solving”
Not being content with the first solution
to a problem, but thinking more deeply
Knowing, understanding, analyzing,
synthesizing, applying and evaluating
the idea or problem
Looking for what is implied in a question
rather than what is stated
4. Abstract Thinking:
thinking past what your senses tell you
thinking “out of the box,” innovating
organizing your thoughts into logical steps
being precise in giving your ideas to others.
5. Question: what is being asked?
Purpose: why do I want the answer?
Point of View: where do I stand to look at
Information: what data do I have?
Concepts: what ideas are involved?
Assumptions: what am I taking for granted?
Inferences: what conclusions am I drawing?
Consequences: what are the implications
of my question?
6. Acknowledge personal limitations.
See problems as exciting challenges.
Have understanding as a goal.
Use evidence to make judgments.
Are interested in others’ ideas.
Are skeptical of extreme views.
Think before acting.
Keep an open mind
7. Pretend to know more than they do. o
Get annoyed by problems. o
Are impatient. o
Judge on first impressions and intuition. o
Focus on their own opinions. o
Look only for ideas like their own. o
Are guided by feelings rather than thoughts. o
Claim that thinking gives them a headache. o
8. Identify the problem.
Define the problem.
Explore alternative approaches.
Act on the best strategies.
Look back to evaluate the effects.
9. One quality of a good critical thinker is the ability to ask
If you don’t usually ask questions, is it because you
Worry what others will think of you?
Worry that the instructor will think your question
Worry that others will think you’re showing off?
When you don’t ask questions, you sacrifice your
10. Snap decisions
Don’t jump to conclusions! ›
Broaden your vistas! ›
Don’t beat around the bush! ›
Keep it sharp! Keep it relevant! ›
11. Be willing to argue
Use deductive reasoning
Check your assumptions
Know your own biases
Stay positive and persistent
Show concern for accuracy
Take time before concluding
13. 1- Narrow concepts
**A lack of differentiation between some aspect of self and
**The tendency to see reality as centered on oneself**
The inability to differentiate subjective and objective
It encompasses :
14. There are four stages of egocentrism
-The sensory-motor period
-Preoperational thought-Concrete operation
15. The characteristic of adolescent thinking that
leads young people (teenagers) to focus
on themselves to the exclusion of others
a young person might believe that his or her
thoughts, feelings, and experiences are
unique, more wonderful or awful than
16. 1-Barrier to friendship and intimate
2-Constraint on skill performances that are
crucial for academic achievement
3-Lack of social knowledge or social skills
17. Characteristics of an egocentric person:
3- Self-interested thinking
5- Self-serving bias
18. SELF AWARNESS
to reflect on our reasoning and behavior;
to make our beliefs explicit, critique them, and,
when they are false, stop making them; to apply
the same concepts in the same ways to ourselves
to consider every relevant fact, and to make our
conclusions consistent with the evidence; and
to listen carefully and open mindedly to others.
20. 1- You must recognize that this is the way you think.
2- You must realize that it is fixable! It isn't really hard
to fix, but it will take time.
3- You need to change your thinking styles.
4- Install a Self-Monitor in your mind.
5- Ask people you trust to also monitor you.
22. ((you are a student in your first year in college, you had written a
report about ethics in community. and you worked very hard, but
you got a low grade because you view point was not enough for
the teacher)). do you think your point was enough to get a high
grade and you feel you teacher have his own view point ?
23. (( you have many friends in school, and one of your friends says
that you have so many friends and most of them are bad
boys, he suggested to be your best friend and leave the other
friends)). do you think if your friend has many friends is bad for
him or its good to be your friend?