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© 2013 IBM Corporation
Internet
of
Things
Angus McCann
Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe
& IBM Watson
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
 “The future is already her...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Things
3
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
flexible, easy-to-apply patc...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com5
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Preface to first edition of ...
© 2013 IBM Corporation
Adoption
 Who buys?
 Use cases… CHF, asthma, COPD
 Patient adoption
 Physician adoption
 Integ...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Big Data
Volume Variety Velo...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Many Things > Much Data
10
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com12
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Third Party Apps
IBM IoT Fou...
© 2013 IBM Corporation
IBM IoT – Get started today
Wide variety of supported
devices
Self Service
Open ecosystem
Simple...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
IBM Watson for
Healthcare
15
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
“Medicine has become too com...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Easy Questions?
ln((12,546,7...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Hard Questions?
Computer pro...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
IBM Grand Challenges
http://...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Analyzes large volumes of un...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Business problem:
Need bette...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Business problem:
No easy wa...
© 2013 IBM Corporation
Understanding natural language
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Further Information
 http:/...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
In the nineteenth century he...
© 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
Demo
28
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Angus McCann, IBM. Presentation at Health-Tech Innovation LABS Conference 18.09.2015

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Angus McCann - IBM, slides from Connected Health 2015

Title: Internet of Things & IBM Watson

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Angus McCann, IBM. Presentation at Health-Tech Innovation LABS Conference 18.09.2015

  1. 1. © 2013 IBM Corporation Internet of Things Angus McCann Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe & IBM Watson
  2. 2. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com  “The future is already here – it's just not evenly distributed.” – William Gibson 2 “The wireless health market is gaining significant momentum. The global wireless health market is valued at $23.8 billion in 2013 and is expected to reach $59.7 billion by 2018” – Markets and Markets “In 2020, Over 30 Billion Connected Devices Will Be In Use.” – Gartner “By 2020, there’s gonna be loads of connected things, I can never remember how many and it keeps changing. And they’ll generate a stack of data.” Angus McCann
  3. 3. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Things 3
  4. 4. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com flexible, easy-to-apply patch that continuously monitors and wirelessly transmits your child’s temperature to your smartphone. No uncomfortable thermometers. 4
  5. 5. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com5
  6. 6. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Preface to first edition of “A Treatise on the Diseases of the Chest, in which they are described according to their Anatomical Characters, and their Diagnosis established on a new Principle by means of Acoustick Instruments”, John Forbes M.D. 1821 “That it will ever come into general use, notwithstanding its value, I am extremely doubtful; because its beneficial application requires much time, and gives a good deal of trouble both to the patient and the practitioner; and because its whole hue and character is foreign, and opposed to all our habits and associations”. Adoption 6
  7. 7. © 2013 IBM Corporation Adoption  Who buys?  Use cases… CHF, asthma, COPD  Patient adoption  Physician adoption  Integration/data linkage, analysis (automation), security/privacy, asset management 7
  8. 8. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Big Data Volume Variety Velocity Veracity Data at Scale Terabytes to petabytes of data Data in Many Forms Structured, unstructured, text, multimedia Data in Motion Analysis of streaming data to enable decisions within fractions of a second. Data Uncertainty Managing the reliability and predictability of inherently imprecise data types. 9
  9. 9. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Many Things > Much Data 10
  10. 10. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com12
  11. 11. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Third Party Apps IBM IoT Foundation Offerings IBM IoT Foundation Connect Attach, Collect & Organize, Device Management, Secure Connectivity, Visualization IBM IoT Foundation Information Management Storage & Archive, Metadata Management, Reporting, Streaming data, Parsing and Transformation, Manage unstructured data IBM IoT Foundation Analytics Predictive, Cognitive, Real-time, and Contextual IBM IoT Foundation Risk Management Security Analytics, Data Protection, Auditing/Logging, Firmware Updates, Key/Cert Mgmt, Org Specific Security Third Party Apps The IBM IoT Foundation
  12. 12. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM IoT – Get started today Wide variety of supported devices Self Service Open ecosystem Simple tutorials Connect in moments Learn more about IBM’s point of view on the Internet of Things ibm.com/IoT Try out Internet of Things on Bluemix ibm.biz/try_iot Join us in our IoT conversations @IBMIoT http://www-05.ibm.com/uk/internet-of-things-2015/
  13. 13. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com IBM Watson for Healthcare 15
  14. 14. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com “Medicine has become too complex. Only about 20% of the knowledge clinicians use today is evidence-based.” Steven Shapiro Chief Medical & Scientific Officer University Pittsburgh Medical Center 1. Information Systems Can Prevent Errors and Improve Quality, Balas EA, J Am Med Inform Assoc 2001 2. Strategies for coping with information overload. Smith.R. BMJ 2010 17 years < 5 hr / mth 81% of physicians spend < 5 hours / month reading medical journals “takes an average of 17 years to implement clinical research results in daily practice” 1 Trainee in cardiac imaging: 40 papers a day 5 days per week 11 years to bring up to speed 2 40 /day Healthcare is “dying of thirst in an ocean of data”
  15. 15. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Easy Questions? ln((12,546,798 * π)) ^ 2 / 34,567.46 = 0.00885
  16. 16. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Hard Questions? Computer programs are explicit, fast and exacting in their calculations with numbers and symbols….But Natural Language is implicit, highly contextual, ambiguous and often imprecise.  Where was X born? One day, from among his city views of Ulm, Otto chose a water color to send to Albert Einstein as a remembrance of Einstein´s birthplace. Structured Unstructured
  17. 17. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com IBM Grand Challenges http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ibm100/us/en/icons/deepblue/
  18. 18. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
  19. 19. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Analyzes large volumes of unstructured and structured data Combines large amounts of unstructured data with structured data to be analyzed together Interprets and understands natural language questions Understands ambiguous and imprecise questions using sophisticated natural language algorithms Generates and evaluates hypotheses and quantifies confidence in answers Identifies many answers to questions with evidence to "explain" rationale for answers Supports iterative dialogue to refine results Enables iterative and interactive question and answering to refine and improve results Adapts and learns to improve results over time Learns from additional evidence, additional questions and mistakes to improve accuracy over time Watson’s Five Core Capabilities
  20. 20. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Business problem: Need better individualized cancer treatment plans Solution: • Suggestions to help inform oncologists’ decisions based on 600K+ pieces of evidence and 2M pages of text from 42 publications • Analyzes patient data against thousands of historical cases and trained through 5000+ Memorial Sloan- Kettering MD and analyst hours • Evolves with the fast-changing field Attacking the cause of one in four deaths Watson helping oncologists treat cancer patients 22 IBM Watson Oncology Built with Memorial Sloan Kettering
  21. 21. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Business problem: No easy way to search eligibility criteria at point of care to match patients to clinical trials Solution: • Identify all the relevant clinical attributes needed to search across clinical trials for a disease • Instantly check the patient’s eligibility • Provide an ordered list of relevant clinical trials with the degree of match • Provide criteria (inclusion / exclusion) level evaluation based on the patient’s attributes • Dynamically re-evaluate the case based on changes to clinical attributes Overall only 3%1 of cancer patients are on clinical trials Watson quickly matches patients to clinical trials IBM Watson Clinical Trial Matching 1 Medscape 23
  22. 22. © 2013 IBM Corporation Understanding natural language
  23. 23. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com
  24. 24. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Further Information  http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/ibmwatson/offerings.ht ml  YouTube…  Content Analytics – http://www-01.ibm.com/software/ecm/offers/programs/icpa.html
  25. 25. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com In the nineteenth century health was transformed by clear, clean water. In the twenty-first century, health will be transformed by clean clear knowledge --Sir Muir Gray Chief Knowledge Officer National Health Service, England
  26. 26. © 2013 IBM CorporationAngus McCann, Healthcare Specialist, IBM Europe angus.mccann@uk.ibm.com Demo 28

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