Microbial application for biofuel production

S
SAIMA BARKISTUDENT/SELF EMPLOYED à QUAID E AZAM UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN
MICROBIAL APPLICATION FOR
BIOENERGY PRODUCTION
PRESENTED BY: GROUP 6
SAIMA BARKI
PRESENTED TO;
Dr. SAMINA SHAKEEL
DATED: 13 DEC, 2018
1
2
www.brainyquote.com
3
Less dependence On Fossil Fuels Predicted Earlier For
Alternative4
www.brainyquote.com
WHAT IS
BIOENERGY?
5
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-
mix/what-is-bioenergy/
6
www.cartoonstock.com
wwwwww.cartowww.cartoonstock.com
wwwww.cartoonstock.com
onstock.com
ISN’T A COOL
IDEA?????
7
www.cartoonstock.com
BIOMASS
 Biomass is the one of the largest renewable energy sources in use today.
 There are two main forms of biomass:
 Raw biomass consists of forestry products, grasses, crops, animal manure, and
aquatic products, such as kelp and seaweed.
 Secondary biomass is material that comes from raw biomass, but has undergone
significant changes.
 These would include items such as paper, cardboard, cotton, natural rubber products
and used cooking oils.
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-mix/what-is-bioenergy/
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-mix/what-is-bioenergy/
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-mihttps://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-mix/what-is-bioenergy/
x/what-is-bioenergy/
8
BIOFUELS
9
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-
fuel-mix/what-is-bioenergy/
www.coolcartoon.com
BIOFUELS
10
https://www.goodenergy.co.uk/our-energy/our-fuel-
mix/what-is-bioenergy/
www.coolcartoon.com
essein., et al., 2016
11
essein., et al., 2016
12
essein., et al., 2016
13
essein., et al., 2016
14
HOW MUCH
BIOMASS
EXISTS RIGHT
NOW?
15
www.coolcartoon.com
USDA
FACTS ABOUT
BIOENERGY
16
essein., et al., 2016
Bioenergy –
Key Benefits
and
Challenges
17
Z. Baicha , et al., 2016
BIOFUEL
IN
PAKISTAN
18
Z. Baicha, et al.,
www.coolcartoon.com
Work is underway for evaluation of biodiesel in
Pakistan. Initial research on biodiesel resources
has been completed and 10 resources has been
subjected to oil extraction, transesterification and
chemical analysis.
After iterative experiments a number of potential
sources has been identified, including
Pongammia, Pinnata (sukh chane), Rapeseed,
castor bean and Jatropha.
BIOFUEL IN
PAKISTAN
19
Muhammad ahmad, et al., 2015
www.intechopen.com
CURRENT STATUS
OF BIONENERGY
AND BIOMASS
20
Muhammad ahmad, et al., 2015
www.intechopen.com
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
 Sustainable development “meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generation to meets their own needs”
V.M. Ortiz-Martínez, 2015
21
Profit
Economy
Environmental
(Ecological)
Planet
People
Social
(Equity)
LIST OF
MICROORGANISMS
PRODUCING
BIOFUELS
22
Deepak pank et al., 2010
Comparison Of
Different Organisms
W.R.T Capacity And
Quality of
Bioproducts
23
Deepak pank et al., 2010
Evolution Of
Biofuel
Production
24
Ludo Diels, 2010
1st Generation
Verses 2ND
Generation
Biofuels
25
Ludo Diels, 2010
THIRD
GENERATION
BIOFUELS
26
ALGAE ARE LOW INPUT,
HIGH YIELD
FEEDSTOCK TO
PRODUCE BIOFUEL.
EASIEST GROWING
PRODUCERS.
VERY EFFICIENT
BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM
FOR HARVESTING
SOLAR ENERGY.
STORE ENERGY IN
FORM OF LIPIDS AND
OILS.
OUTCOMES OF ALGAL
BIOMASS FIXES
APPROX. 183 TONES OF
CO2.
Comparison
Of Different
Generation
Biofuels For
Bioenergy
Conversion
27
Manish gulati, et al., 2011
BIOENERGY RESOURCES28
BIOMASS-BIOFUEL SYSTEM
Gabriel Yvon-Durocher,et al., 2016
29
ROLE OF MICROBES
Gabriel Yvon-Durocher,et al., 2016
30
CLASSIFICATION OF BIOFUELS
Manish gulati, et, 2012 al., 2011
31
VARIOUS PROCESSES FOR THE
PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM
BIOMASS
Frauke Kracke, 2015
32
ABE PRODUCTION PATHWAY
Ezeji et al., 2017
33
Summary of various biodiesel technologies
Helwani et al.
Helwani et al.
34
AN OVERVIEW OF MICROBIAL METABOLIC
PATHWAYS FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
Kumar and kumar
35
Photosynthesis Creates Biomass That
Can Be Converted To Renewable
Bioenergy
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
36
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
37
H2 Is A Central Focus For Syntrophy In
Microbial Conversion Processes
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
38
Syntrophy Of Autotrophs And Heterotrophs In A
Microbial Approach To Photosynthetic Bioenergy.
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
39
BIOFUEL ENERGY OPTION
Frauke Kracke, 2015
40
MICORBIAL
COMMUNITIES41
MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES;
CONVERSION OT BIOFUELS
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
42
ETHANOL PRODUCTION
43
44
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
MICROBIAL
COMMUNITIES:
CONVERSION
TO BIOFUEL45
Helwani et al. 2010
46
Helwani et al. 2010
47
Ezeji et al., 2017
ETHANOL
PRODUCTION
48
Ezeji et al., 2017
ETHANOL FERMENTERS: LAB
SCALE REACTORS
49
METHANE EMISSION
50
51
Ezeji et al., 2017
ANAEROBIC
DIGESTION
52
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
ADVANTAGES
OF BIOFUELS
53
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
BIODIESLEL
DISADVANTAGE
S
54
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2008
MICORBIAL
FUEL CELLS
55
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2015
56
57
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2015
58
Bruce E. Rettmann , 2015
MFC Vs.
CONVENTIONAL
FUELS CELLS( CFC)
59
Mostafa S. Elshahed , 2012
MICROBIAL
BASED
DIESEL AND
MICRODIESEL
E
60
Mostafa S. Elshahed , 2012
EMERGING
TECHNOLOGIE
S
61
62
www.nature.com/review/micro
63
www.nature.com/review/micro
ULTIMATE
GOAL AND
EXPECTATIONS
?
64
www.nature.com/review/micro
65
Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, 2010
Conclusion:
66
REFRENCE
S:
67
Enhanced Biofuels & Technologies Ltd. 2007. Accessed: ALGAL
BIODIESEL: the next generation biofuel for India A. K. Bajhaiya,
S. K Mandotra, M.R. Suseela*, Kiran Toppo and S. Ranade.
ASIAN J. EXP. BIOL. SCI. VOL 1(4) 2010:- 728- 739
Mumford, T.F. and Miura, A. 1988. 4. Porphyra as food:
cultivation and economics. p.87 — 117. In Lembi, C.A. and
Waaland, J.R. (Ed.) Algae and Human Affairs. 1988. Cambridge
University Press. ISBN 0 521 32115 8
John Sheehan, Terri Dunahay, John Benemann and Paul
Roessler, "A Look Back at the U.S. Department of Energy's
Aquatic Species Program-Bio-diesel from Algae, Closeout
Report", July 1998, NREL/TP-580-24 190
Michael Briggs, Widescale Biodiesel Production from Algae,
University of New Hampshire, Physics Department, revised
August 2004. Sheehan, J., T. Dunahay, J. Benemann, and P.
Roessler. 1998. A look back at the U.S. Department of Energy’s
aquatic species program - Biodiesel from algae. US Dept.
Energy, Office of Fuels Development, Nat. Renewable Energy
Lab., Golden, CO.
CONT… 68
• Ben, A., Amotz , Large Scale Open Algae Ponds, The National Institute of Oceanography Nature
Beta Technologies Ltd. Nikken Sohonsha Co, Japan
• Seambiotic Ltd. ISRAEL • Eleazer ,P. R. , Lisa, M. C. , Mark, A. White , Andres F. C., 2012,
Comparison of algae cultivation methods for bioenergy production using a combined life cycle
assessment and life cycle costing approach, Bioresource Technology 126 (2012) 298–306 •
Jorquera, O., Kiperstok, A., Sales, E.A.,
• Embiruçu, M., Ghirardi, M.L., 2010. Comparative energy life-cycle analyses of microalgal biomass
production in open ponds and photobioreactors. Bioresource Technology 101, 1406–1413
• http://www.ecology.com/dr-jacks-natural-world/most-important- organism/index.html
• http://journeytoforever.org/biodiesel_yield.html
• http://www.oilgae.com/blog/2008/12/defence-research-laboratory-drl- tezpur.html –
• http://www.oilgae.com/blog/2007/11/algae-bio-diesel-from-sunderbans- india.html –
• http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/biofuel-of-the-future/ – http://www.ebtplc.com/c4c.htm –
• http://www.nrel.gov/docs/legosti/fy98/24190.pdf –
• http://www.unh.edu/p2/biodiesel/article_alge.html
POLLUTION IS
NOTHING BUT THE
REOSURCES WE ARE
NOT HERVESTING. WE
ALLOW THEM TO
DISPERSE BECAUSE
WE HAVE BEEN
IGNORANT OF THEIR
VALUE.
R. BUCKMISTER
FULLER
69
ANY
QUESTION????
70
1 sur 70

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