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International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
icarda.org cgiar.org
A CGIAR Research Center
Achieving the...
icarda.org
Key Messages
We have a serious problem
There are many solutions
We need to work differently
icarda.org
We are far from Land degradation Neutrality in NENA
• 45% of all land used by agriculture in NENA is degraded
•...
icarda.org
Can we achieve SDG15 in a sustainable manner in the
NENA Region?
BLUE WATER
NUTRITION
SECURITY
NATURAL
RESOURCE...
icarda.org
No single solution across the Diversity of Agro-ecosystems
17 %
22 %
58 %
3 %
Agricultural Land (2.5 M km2)
icarda.org
• Soil Erosion
• No vegetation
• No Livelihood
• Downstream Flooding
Land and Livestock governance
Integrated W...
icarda.org
Efficiency and Sustainability via Systemic Innovation
Success Factors in Agro-pastoral
restauration
 Multi-sta...
icarda.org
Input-based Intensification
• Loss of Soil Fertility
• Salinization
• Soil Health (Pesticides and Fertilizers)...
icarda.org
Mechanized Rainfed Agriculture
Conservation Agriculture
• Loss of soil fertility (organic matter, compaction)
•...
icarda.org
0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Enhanc...
icarda.org
Outscaling Sustainable Land Management Options
(Haddad et al, 2015) http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/4679
Sup...
icarda.org
A Lack of Quantitative and Multi-drivers Economic
Analysis of LD adapted to NENA Region
• Quantitative
Methodol...
icarda.org
Good solutions for one SGD may be a Bad solution
for another
Barley + Water
=Better Livelihood (farm level)
+ F...
icarda.org
Upscaling to Agri-Food Systems at the National Level
RSB Wheat (Feddans)
Food
Policy
Target
?
?
?
 Ex ante Mul...
icarda.org
Coordination of Action on Soils, Land, Water and
Climate in the NENA Region
• Data Management and Sharing
(e.g....
icarda.org
Knowledge Sharing and Integrated
Assessment for the Drylands
https://www.cgiar.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/1...
icarda.org
Thank You
J.Wery@cgiar.org
Theib Oweis
Mira Haddad
Chandra Biradar
Stefan Strohmeier
Atef Swelam
Richard Thomas...
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Achieving the SDGs by combating land and soil degradation by employing the NENA Region’s diverse agro-ecosystems

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31 March - 4 April 2019. Cairo. Land and Water Days in the NENA Region 2019
1 April: Session Halting land degradation

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Achieving the SDGs by combating land and soil degradation by employing the NENA Region’s diverse agro-ecosystems

  1. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas icarda.org cgiar.org A CGIAR Research Center Achieving the SDGs by combating land and soil degradation by employing the NENA Region’s diverse agro-ecosystems Prof. Jacques Wery DDG-R ICARDA
  2. 2. icarda.org Key Messages We have a serious problem There are many solutions We need to work differently
  3. 3. icarda.org We are far from Land degradation Neutrality in NENA • 45% of all land used by agriculture in NENA is degraded • Including: 70 % of rainfed • 85% of agro-pastoral • 30% of irrigated 2.5 M Km2 of Land used by agriculture
  4. 4. icarda.org Can we achieve SDG15 in a sustainable manner in the NENA Region? BLUE WATER NUTRITION SECURITY NATURAL RESOURCES & ENERGY EMPLOYMENT There are Synergies but also Trade-offs
  5. 5. icarda.org No single solution across the Diversity of Agro-ecosystems 17 % 22 % 58 % 3 % Agricultural Land (2.5 M km2)
  6. 6. icarda.org • Soil Erosion • No vegetation • No Livelihood • Downstream Flooding Land and Livestock governance Integrated Watershed Management Marab Agriculture
  7. 7. icarda.org Efficiency and Sustainability via Systemic Innovation Success Factors in Agro-pastoral restauration  Multi-stakeholder engagement and institutional collaborations that leverage resources and knowledge and improve overall efficiency of actions  Long-term investments and commitment by financing agencies  Supportive national and local policy processes  Use of local practices and knowledge in implementation  Empowerment of the community to own the process Solutions and their combination is site specific – no one single rule to apply anywhere!!
  8. 8. icarda.org Input-based Intensification • Loss of Soil Fertility • Salinization • Soil Health (Pesticides and Fertilizers) Diversity-based Intensification Water Management
  9. 9. icarda.org Mechanized Rainfed Agriculture Conservation Agriculture • Loss of soil fertility (organic matter, compaction) • Weeds, pests and diseases • Risky farming Forages and Pulses “De-risking” solutions for farmers
  10. 10. icarda.org 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 EnhancedVegetationIndex(EVI) 8-days interval from 2000-2013 Water deficit years (droughts)Water surplus years (good years) Spectral Profile of Grassland degradation in Jordan -ve +ve We need a global effort to monitor Land Degradation in NENA
  11. 11. icarda.org Outscaling Sustainable Land Management Options (Haddad et al, 2015) http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/4679 Supplemental Irrigation in Rainfed Raised-bed in Irrigated Vallerani Water Harvesting in Agro-pastoral
  12. 12. icarda.org A Lack of Quantitative and Multi-drivers Economic Analysis of LD adapted to NENA Region • Quantitative Methodologies rely on Data • Only one of the drivers: Yields linked to Nutrient Depletion • NENA Region not covered
  13. 13. icarda.org Good solutions for one SGD may be a Bad solution for another Barley + Water =Better Livelihood (farm level) + Food Security (country level) + Overgrazing (watershed level)
  14. 14. icarda.org Upscaling to Agri-Food Systems at the National Level RSB Wheat (Feddans) Food Policy Target ? ? ?  Ex ante Multiscale and Multicriteria Assessment of Innovation to inform Policies
  15. 15. icarda.org Coordination of Action on Soils, Land, Water and Climate in the NENA Region • Data Management and Sharing (e.g. NDVI derived from Remote Sensing) • Data Collection and Update (e.g. soils) • Data Down-scaling (Climate, Soil) • Data value is in Scenarios based on Indicators and Models
  16. 16. icarda.org Knowledge Sharing and Integrated Assessment for the Drylands https://www.cgiar.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/SMB12-03-Discussion-on-the- Dry-Arc-concept.pdf The DryArc Interface A Combination of Tools for • Participatory, • Benchmarking, • Integrated Assessment, and • Scaling of Innovations for Dryland Agri- Food Systems
  17. 17. icarda.org Thank You J.Wery@cgiar.org Theib Oweis Mira Haddad Chandra Biradar Stefan Strohmeier Atef Swelam Richard Thomas Claudio Zucca Vinay Nangia Mounir Louhachi Mary Margaret McRae We can (still) revert Land and Soil degradation if we work differently

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