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Capacity Building
Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)
Dr Ciaran Byrne
Brussels 5th October 2017
Context: Salmon fisheries in Ireland
 In 2001, a carcass and tagging
scheme commenced
 Up to 1997 fishing allowed to
12 ...
0
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
1971
1975
1979
1983
1987
1991
1995
1999
2003
2007
2011
2015
No...
Commercial Salmon and Sea Trout (over 40cm) Catch 2001 - 2016
Year Commercial quota Total Commercial Catch % below TAC % o...
Context: Stakeholder Concerns about Salmon
Salmon Management Task Force - 1996
Salmon Reports 1900’s – 1970’s
Salmon Manag...
Irish Government Committed to aligning
with the scientific advice for the
management of salmon
 Compulsory cessation of a...
Salmon Hardship Scheme: Stakeholder Engagement
 Consulted with senior Government Officials & Agencies
 Direct consultati...
Salmon Hardship Scheme: Stakeholder Engagement
 Reviewed the many reports already generated through the National
Salmon C...
Salmon Hardship Scheme:
Salmon Hardship Scheme – Important Factors
 Undisputable independent scientific evidence (salmon Commission &
SSCS)
 Gen...
Salmon Conservation Stamp: Establishment
 Ministerial Direction – Section 18A, 19(4) and 20(3) of Fisheries Act
1980. – T...
Salmon Conservation Stamp : Figures
Year
Fee
(EUR)1
Funds
collected via
licence sales
(EUR)
Total funds
available
(EUR)2
N...
Salmon Conservation Stamp : Activities
Year
River
bank
protect.
Spawning
ground
rehab.
Instream
structures
Fish
passage
Ri...
Salmon Conservation Stamp: Review
Salmon Conservation Funds (SCF) collected 2007-2015 €5,284,776
SCF paid out to date - IF...
Salmon Conservation Stamp: Issues !
 Restrictive Terms of Reference (T.O.R)
 Governance burden
Procurement, Insurance, S...
Salmon Conservation Stamp: Next Steps
 Full consultation with stakeholders - survey of opinions completed
 Revised schem...
Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland
Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland
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Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 1 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 2 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 3 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 4 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 5 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 6 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 7 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 8 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 9 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 10 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 11 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 12 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 13 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 14 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 15 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 16 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 17 Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland  Slide 18
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Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland

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This presentation was given at IEEP's capacity building for environmental tax reform conference on 5 October 2017 in Brussels, Belgium.

Speaker: Dr. Ciaran Byrne (Inland Fisheries Ireland)

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Case study: Fishing fees supporting salmon conservation and management in Ireland

  1. 1. Capacity Building Environmental Tax Reform (ETR) Dr Ciaran Byrne Brussels 5th October 2017
  2. 2. Context: Salmon fisheries in Ireland  In 2001, a carcass and tagging scheme commenced  Up to 1997 fishing allowed to 12 miles  From 1998 to 2006 fishing allowed to 6 miles  From 2007 all fishing takes place within estuaries and as close to river mouths as possible and only on stocks meeting Conservation Limits (CL)
  3. 3. 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 No.ofsalmon YEAR NEAC-S Ireland Context: Salmon returns to Ireland 1971 - 2015
  4. 4. Commercial Salmon and Sea Trout (over 40cm) Catch 2001 - 2016 Year Commercial quota Total Commercial Catch % below TAC % of TAC 2001 - 237,626 2002 219,649 208,982 4.9% 95.14% 2003 182,000 168,819 7.2% 92.76% 2004 161,951 145,253 10.3% 89.69% 2005 139,900 122,044 12.8% 87.24% 2006 91,367 86,650 5.2% 94.84% 2007 17,305 8,877 48.7% 51.30% 2008 17,314 8,962 48.2% 51.76% 2009 18,211 6,802 62.6% 37.35% 2010 18,530 14,226 23.2% 76.77% 2011 17,399 12,034 30.8% 69.16% 2012 17,399 10,319 40.7% 59.31% 2013 18,276 14,125 22.7% 77.29% 2014 14,834 9,611 35.2% 64.79% 2015 13,637 7,738 43.3% 56.74% 2016 11,089 7,022 36.7% 63.32%
  5. 5. Context: Stakeholder Concerns about Salmon Salmon Management Task Force - 1996 Salmon Reports 1900’s – 1970’s Salmon Management Working Group 1999 Status of Wild Atlantic Salmon WWF, 2000 Salmon Habitat Assessment 2003
  6. 6. Irish Government Committed to aligning with the scientific advice for the management of salmon  Compulsory cessation of all mixed stock salmon fishing – (drift netting)  Significant reduction of in estuary salmon fishing (draft netting)  Introduction of a hardship scheme - €25 million  Additional €5 million for diversification funds for affected fishermen  Salmon Conservation Stamp introduced on all angling licenses
  7. 7. Salmon Hardship Scheme: Stakeholder Engagement  Consulted with senior Government Officials & Agencies  Direct consultation with 46 different agencies, organisations, groups, NGO’s and individuals. 87 people participated in the consultative meetings.  Met with these parties over the course of 23 separate meetings and convened 14 additional plenary meetings.  Received written submissions from 64 individuals, organisations, state agencies and private companies representing a comprehensive range of interest groups. • Undertook an extensive programme of desk research on previous reports and a wide variety of other background material on the sector.
  8. 8. Salmon Hardship Scheme: Stakeholder Engagement  Reviewed the many reports already generated through the National Salmon Commission and its Standing Scientific Committee • Travelled on 3 occasions to meet with salmon fishermen and view, at first hand, drift-netting taking place in regional areas.
  9. 9. Salmon Hardship Scheme:
  10. 10. Salmon Hardship Scheme – Important Factors  Undisputable independent scientific evidence (salmon Commission & SSCS)  General agreement that salmon numbers were in decline (not so much agreement as to cause – commercial v recreational)  Political Support in form of ‘hardship’ scheme (€30 million)  International pressure – ECJ Case, other Int. agreements  NASCO  Burden sharing between commercial and recreational interests Commercial - forced exit from fishery (drift nets) + hardship Recreational – Salmon Conservation Stamp 100% increase in license fee
  11. 11. Salmon Conservation Stamp: Establishment  Ministerial Direction – Section 18A, 19(4) and 20(3) of Fisheries Act 1980. – To establish a ‘scheme’  100% increase on all commercial and recreational angling fees – source for the salmon conservation fund. Rivers below their conservation limit In Special Areas of Conservation (SAC’s) Which have greatest prospect of recovery Where maximum benefit can be expected to accrue
  12. 12. Salmon Conservation Stamp : Figures Year Fee (EUR)1 Funds collected via licence sales (EUR) Total funds available (EUR)2 Number of project proposals received3 Total funds requested Number of projects funded Total funds allocated to projects (EUR) No. project proposed vs. approved Funds requested vs. funds allocated 2007 128 636,858 636,858 64 1,460,000 34 636,000 53% 44% 2008 134 697,186 882,402 39 2,814,585 10 774,085 26% 28% 2009 134 654,157 762,474 25 2,041,626 12 756,000 48% 37% 2010 120 579,552 67,352 42 1,267,812 25 615,385 60% 49%120 2011 120 607,704 973,539 40 992,389 37 682,927 93% 69% 2012 120 555,799 1,237,144 29 684,281 26 397,054 90% 58% 2013 100 541,070 1,381,160 46 1,016,740 39 571,996 85% 56% 2014 100 512,248 1,321,412 29 794,768 26 730,985 90% 92%
  13. 13. Salmon Conservation Stamp : Activities Year River bank protect. Spawning ground rehab. Instream structures Fish passage Riparian zone improve Weirs & pools rehab. Fish counter (i.e. monitori ng) R & D Conservatio n limit attainment assessment Average 21% 6% 5% 11% 4% 4% 22% 5% 21%
  14. 14. Salmon Conservation Stamp: Review Salmon Conservation Funds (SCF) collected 2007-2015 €5,284,776 SCF paid out to date - IFI and Angling Club (as @ end Oct 2016) €2,897,724 unclaimed funds €2,387,052 Of which still committed €1,522,390 Funds unallocated and available for distribution €864,662  237 projects have been funded to date  134 projects have been fully completed  77 projects on-going  26 projects de-committed
  15. 15. Salmon Conservation Stamp: Issues !  Restrictive Terms of Reference (T.O.R)  Governance burden Procurement, Insurance, Statutory Permissions ‘Inexperience’ / ‘Inability’ of stakeholders  Partially completed applications / not all statutory permissions in place  Staff reductions in IFI  Pearl mussels (Margaritifera margaritifera)!! – designated species  Weather  Restricted season for carrying out ‘in stream works’ (May – Sept)
  16. 16. Salmon Conservation Stamp: Next Steps  Full consultation with stakeholders - survey of opinions completed  Revised scheme developed and submitted to Minister for approval TOR broadened to include a range of other works - e.g. focus on sea trout, promoting catch & release angling (In progress)  Provide funding for appropriate assessment etc and supports for projects (Done)  Introduced a lag year in 2017  apply for grants in 2017 for works in 2018 gives stakeholders a chance to complete applications (Done)

This presentation was given at IEEP's capacity building for environmental tax reform conference on 5 October 2017 in Brussels, Belgium. Speaker: Dr. Ciaran Byrne (Inland Fisheries Ireland)

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