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www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Sustainable food production and resilient
agricultural practices: How can policies
affecting trade an...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
A few words about the Institute for European
Environmental Policy (IEEP)
• Non-profit, independent su...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
An unsustainable food system: production
- All areas of increasing and high risk directly relate
to a...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
An unsustainable food system: consumption
• Imbalances in food consumption: increase in
food-related ...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
The debate around pathways to sustainable production
and consumption
• How much increase in agricultu...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
What role for trade and investment?
• The reality of a globalised food system:
‒ A number of export a...
Issues for discussion (1)
• Tariffs
• Environmental good and services
negotiations: what scope for
further liberalisation ...
Issues for discussion (2)
• Operationalisation of article XX
• Trade restrictions/bans of
environmentally unsustainable
pr...
A few concrete proposals
• Closing the knowledge gap on
pathways to sustainable food
consumption and production (and
the r...
www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu
Thank you for your attention !
ccharveriat@ieep.eu
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Sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices: How can policies affecting trade and markets help achieve SDG 2.4?

By Céline Charveriat

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Sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices

  1. 1. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices: How can policies affecting trade and markets help achieve SDG 2.4? Céline Charveriat ICTSD conference Towards More Equitable and Sustainable Food Markets and Food and Agriculture March 16th, 2018 IEEP is a sustainability think tank
  2. 2. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu A few words about the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) • Non-profit, independent sustainability think tank with 40 years of experience • Expertise and research across all European environmental issues with a major focus on agriculture as well as global challenges • A selection of current relevant projects ‒ Low carbon agriculture to 2050 (ongoing, more information here) ‒ CAP Forest measures evaluation (ongoing) ‒ CAP Climate Evaluation (ongoing) ‒ CAP Greening evaluation (here) ‒ Transforming approaches to rural land management in Europe (here) ‒ Interactive Soil Quality assessment in Europe and China for Agricultural productivity and Environmental Resilience (here) ‒ Ideas for defining environmental objectives and monitoring systems for a results-oriented CAP post 2020 (here) ‒ Food waste and plastic packaging (ongoing)
  3. 3. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu An unsustainable food system: production - All areas of increasing and high risk directly relate to agricultural production and the food system - Biochemical flows: e.g. phosphorus and nitrogen - Agriculture is a key driver of change in the biosphere integrity – especially genetic diversity - Climate change with a rise in GHG emissions - Land system change, with land conversion
  4. 4. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu An unsustainable food system: consumption • Imbalances in food consumption: increase in food-related illnesses worldwide and continued hunger/malnutrition • Strong correlation between affluence, changing diets and increased material footprint of nutrition, with projected total calorie consumption increase and higher share of resource-intensive foods • Food and beverage packaging constitutes half of all packaging uses, with major impact on plastic consumption and plastic litter
  5. 5. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu The debate around pathways to sustainable production and consumption • How much increase in agricultural production is needed to feed the world and where? • Uncertainty about productivity trends in a warming climate • Acrimonious debates around agricultural models and healthy diets, efficiency vs. sufficiency • Dilemmas between competing threats (climate change vs. biodiversity, closing the nutrient cycle vs. GHG, energy vs. food) • What distribution of the effort (within and among countries)? • What interdependencies between national and regional pathways? • Uncertainty about most effective policy levers and combination (supply and demand-side, market vs. non- market)
  6. 6. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu What role for trade and investment? • The reality of a globalised food system: ‒ A number of export and import dependent countries ‒ Changing composition of trade e.g. high value products ‒ The size of upstream and downstream trade and services ‒ Globalised food supply chains • Contrasting with: ‒ Continued high levels of trade and investment protection ‒ A polarized debate about the benefits and downsides of trade and investment liberalisation on environmental sustainability ‒ No silver bullet on how best to internalise environmental costs (for instance how to remunerate farmers for environmental services) within a competitive and globalised setting
  7. 7. Issues for discussion (1) • Tariffs • Environmental good and services negotiations: what scope for further liberalisation in ag products and services? • Subsidies • Elimination of environmentally harmful direct and indirect subsidies (rather than a single focus on trade-distortions) • A peace clause for trade-distorting subsidies conductive to environmental protection? • Trade defense • What use for antidumping and countervailing duties? • Carbon pricing and taxes • Extending to agriculture (incl. carbon sinks)? • International transportation: correcting price signals • Development assistance • Sustainability adjustment fund for a just transition
  8. 8. Issues for discussion (2) • Operationalisation of article XX • Trade restrictions/bans of environmentally unsustainable products and inputs (e.g. chemicals) • Voluntary sustainability schemes for resource-intensive products or sectors • Harmonisation of or co-creation of new standards (e.g. eco-design in packaging, circular economy standards) • Technology transfer and IP flexibilities to improve access to greener technologies • Green public procurement: plurilateral discussions among interested parties?
  9. 9. A few concrete proposals • Closing the knowledge gap on pathways to sustainable food consumption and production (and the role of trade within it)—FAO and OECD • Mainstreaming trade into the agricultural track of the UNFCCC • Using the G20 agricultural ministers process as a confidence building mechanism • Independent trade and SDGs Commission under the aegis of the WTO (with a potential focus on Paris agreement/new IPCC reports) • Using RTA negotiations/commercial diplomacy to explore options around incentivising sustainability (e.g. EU-Chile agreement on organic products)
  10. 10. www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu Thank you for your attention ! ccharveriat@ieep.eu

Sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices: How can policies affecting trade and markets help achieve SDG 2.4? By Céline Charveriat

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