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1
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Are alternative livelihood
projects effective at
delivering conserva...
2
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
What is an alternative livelihood?
Define alternative livelihoods as...
3
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
What do we know?
• Alternative livelihood projects are used in a
var...
4
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Why now?
• IUCN WCC 2012 passed Resolution 111
calling for ‘a critic...
5
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
What we did…
• Extensive literature search & stakeholder
engagement
...
6
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Systematic map – a description
of the evidence
106 projects included...
7
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Systematic map – a description
of the evidence
8
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Systematic map – a description
of the evidence
9
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Systematic review – a synthesis
of the evidence
• 106 projects inclu...
10
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Systematic review – a synthesis
of the evidence
• 9 alternative liv...
11
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
So, are alternative livelihoods
projects effective for
conservation...
12
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Implications…
... for policy and management
• We need Theories of C...
13
Barbara Trapani
26/06/14Francesca Booker
06/08/2015
Acknowledgements
Dilys Roe
Terry Sunderland
Nicholas A O Hill
Noell...
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Are alternative livelihood projects effective at delivering conservation results

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This is a presentation on 'Are alternative livelihood projects effective at delivering conservation results?' by Francesca Booker, a visiting fellow with the Natural Resources Group at the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and a consultant with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

The presentation was delivered to the 27th International Congress for Conservation Biology
and the 4th European Congress for Conservation Biology, which took place in Montpellier, France, from 2-6 August 2015.

More details: http://www.iied.org/judging-effectiveness-alternative-livelihoods-projects.

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Are alternative livelihood projects effective at delivering conservation results

  1. 1. 1 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Are alternative livelihood projects effective at delivering conservation results? Francesca Booker @BookerFrancesca IIED Associate International Institute for Environment and Development francesca.booker@iied.org
  2. 2. 2 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 What is an alternative livelihood? Define alternative livelihoods as an: 1. Alternative Occupation 2. Alternative Resource 3. Alternative Method
  3. 3. 3 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 What do we know? • Alternative livelihood projects are used in a variety of contexts to achieve conservation objectives • Concern that the approach is not working… E.g. FFI (2013) ‘Why NOT alternative livelihoods’ • BUT alternative livelihood interventions continue to be used… E.g. CARPE 2010 – 2020 includes an objective to ‘expand alternative livelihood opportunities to rural communities’
  4. 4. 4 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Why now? • IUCN WCC 2012 passed Resolution 111 calling for ‘a critical review of the biodiversity benefits of alternative livelihood projects’ • Our response: Systematic map - provides an overview of the existing evidence Systematic review - analyses and syntheses the existing evidence • Partners include IIED, CIFOR, & ZSL
  5. 5. 5 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 What we did… • Extensive literature search & stakeholder engagement • Searches were conducted in English & French • Captured over 20,000 documents • Inclusion criteria used to screen titles, abstracts and full texts • For more detail see our Protocol available at: http://www.environmentalevidencejournal.org/
  6. 6. 6 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Systematic map – a description of the evidence 106 projects included in the systematic map (97 documents) • 69% alternative occupation, 7% alternative resource, 8% alternative method • 18% standalone initiatives • 8% had a contractual agreement to secure conservation outcomes
  7. 7. 7 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Systematic map – a description of the evidence
  8. 8. 8 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Systematic map – a description of the evidence
  9. 9. 9 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Systematic review – a synthesis of the evidence • 106 projects included in the systematic map (97 documents) • 21 projects included in the systematic review (20 documents) • No measure of effectiveness for 66 of the 106 projects
  10. 10. 10 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Systematic review – a synthesis of the evidence • 9 alternative livelihood projects assessed as having a ‘positive outcome’ E.g. Homestays, Guatemala • 9 alternative livelihood projects assessed as having a ‘neutral outcome’ E.g. Seaweed farming, Philippines • 3 alternative livelihood projects assessed as having a ‘negative outcome’ E.g. Micro-credit, Indonesia
  11. 11. 11 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 So, are alternative livelihoods projects effective for conservation? • Insufficient evidence to answer the question! • Important shortfalls in the evidence base…
  12. 12. 12 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Implications… ... for policy and management • We need Theories of Change • What’s the biodiversity outcome? • Encourage reporting of positive AND negative experiences … for research • Capture project implementers’ experience • Third party evaluations
  13. 13. 13 Barbara Trapani 26/06/14Francesca Booker 06/08/2015 Acknowledgements Dilys Roe Terry Sunderland Nicholas A O Hill Noelle Kumpel Gillian Petrokofsky Kent Redford Dianne Russel Gill Sheperd Terry Sunderland Mike Day Wen Zhou Sophie Allebone-Webb Juliet Wright

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