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DOCUMENT TITLE 1
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
Author name
Date
Krystyna
Swiderska
7 December 2015
Krystyna Swiderska,...
DOCUMENT TITLE 2
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 20141. Integrate EbA & CBA
• Poor, vulnerable and indigenous
communities are...
DOCUMENT TITLE 3
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
2. Take a highly participatory
approach
1. Local people have critical k...
DOCUMENT TITLE 4
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
The Potato Park
Cusco, Peru
DOCUMENT TITLE 5
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
3. Strengthen local & traditional
knowledge
IPCC AR5: “Indigenous, loca...
DOCUMENT TITLE 6
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
4. Enhance crop diversity
• Planting diverse crops/varieties together
e...
DOCUMENT TITLE 7
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
DOCUMENT TITLE 8
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 20145. Develop Pro-Poor Policies
• Agriculture policies that support
traditi...
DOCUMENT TITLE 9
Krystyna
Swiderska
8th April 2014
Smallholder Innovation for
Resilience (SIFOR):
India, China, Kenya, Per...
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How to effectively support poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities: five key actions

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This presentation was made by IIED principal researcher Krystyna Swiderska at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris on 7 December, 2015.

It was made in a side event on 'Supporting poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities'.

Publié dans : Environnement
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How to effectively support poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities: five key actions

  1. 1. DOCUMENT TITLE 1 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 Author name Date Krystyna Swiderska 7 December 2015 Krystyna Swiderska, IIED UNFCCC COP21, Paris, 7 December 2015 How to effectively support poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities: 5 Key Actions
  2. 2. DOCUMENT TITLE 2 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 20141. Integrate EbA & CBA • Poor, vulnerable and indigenous communities are often highly dependent on ecosystems for survival. • EbA should directly support community needs/livelihoods (as well as nature). • Integrated approaches are needed that are both community-led and ecosystem based.
  3. 3. DOCUMENT TITLE 3 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 2. Take a highly participatory approach 1. Local people have critical knowledge about local problems & solutions that work. Top-down interventions often make things worse. 2. Community ownership is vital for impact after projects end. 3. Community leadership strengthens adaptive capacity. 4. Using local concepts generates ownership & integrates E & D. (ayllu; biocultural heritage).
  4. 4. DOCUMENT TITLE 4 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 The Potato Park Cusco, Peru
  5. 5. DOCUMENT TITLE 5 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 3. Strengthen local & traditional knowledge IPCC AR5: “Indigenous, local and traditional knowledge systems and practices, including indigenous peoples’ holistic view of community and environment, are a major resource for adapting to climate change”. • Monitoring multiple variables over long periods (complements science). • Ancestral knowledge of how to adapt in particular locations. • Strengthen local innovation for adaptation.
  6. 6. DOCUMENT TITLE 6 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 4. Enhance crop diversity • Planting diverse crops/varieties together ensures food security. • Diversity provides options for adaptation to future changes. • Local crops are often more resilient (eg. to drought & pests) than modern crops. • In-situ conservation ensures continued crop evolution for adaptation. • Community seed banks enable recovery from extreme events.
  7. 7. DOCUMENT TITLE 7 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014
  8. 8. DOCUMENT TITLE 8 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 20145. Develop Pro-Poor Policies • Agriculture policies that support traditional farming & related markets, demand-led R&E. • Seed policies that protect Farmers’ Rights as well as Breeders’ Rights. • Pro-poor land, NR and water policies. • Engage vulnerable groups in climate change policy and planning processes. • Implement UNDRIPs & Human Rights.
  9. 9. DOCUMENT TITLE 9 Krystyna Swiderska 8th April 2014 Smallholder Innovation for Resilience (SIFOR): India, China, Kenya, Peru www.bioculturalheritage.org Thank-you!

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