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IIT Madras Open Quiz 2021 | Finals

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IIT Madras Open Quiz 2021 | Finals

  1. 1. IIT MADRAS OPEN QUIZ FINALS
  2. 2. Shamanth Rao Anshumani Ruddra Siddhartha Banerjee Karthik Shashidhar Bharathwaj Hosts of the Inaugural IITM Open Quiz (April 18th 2004) THANKS
  3. 3. Meenakshi Govind Sathvik Dhruv pH Pranav Kamesh CF Keshav Pilnath pranavcondur4 SET SHAMANTH
  4. 4. ● 3 special rounds. ● 3 rounds of 10 dries. ● +10/-5 on Pounce ● +10/0 on Bounce ● CAMS ON FULL TIME! ● Malpractice B A D 🥀 RULES
  5. 5. APPETIZERS OnlyPounce 6 Qs; +5/0
  6. 6. 1. What are the Chinese & Japanese words for ‘a round object’?
  7. 7. Yuan. Yen. (¥)
  8. 8. 2. First used in the late 1800s, this term comes from an amalgamation of the French word for “love” and the Greek word for “that which is tax-free”.
  9. 9. Philately.
  10. 10. 3. All 3 playing their 100th test match at which venue? Who is the gentleman on the right?
  11. 11. Centurion. Shaun Pollock. SuperSport Park, South Africa.
  12. 12. 4. The story goes that this project came about partially due to the creator’s annoyance with one aspect of a printer. More specifically, he was annoyed at not being able to customize the printer to work according to his needs. Who? What did he start?
  13. 13. Richard Stallman. GNU. GNU is a free software, mass collaboration project whose goal is to give computer users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices by collaboratively developing and publishing software that gives everyone the rights to freely run the software, copy and distribute it, study it, and modify it. GNU software grants these rights in its license.
  14. 14. 5. An X is something that is irregularly observed because geological and climatic events affect one aspect of the Earth. Usually this is applied in a positive sense, in that it adds to something. However, adding to the list of anomalies of 2020, scientists are now considering a negative X for the first time. This would, naturally, subtract instead of adding up. What is X?
  15. 15. Leap Second.
  16. 16. 6. X please? It is believed that Baluswamy Dikshitar is the first known X ‘vidwan’ (scholar) in Carnatic Music, who popularized the use of this instrument in Carnatic Music. One anecdote goes that his brother, Muthuswamy Dikshitar, composed the “nottuswarams” in Sankarabharanam ragam to help him practice Carnatic Music on X.
  17. 17. Violin.
  18. 18. DRIES (B/P)ounce 10 Questions
  19. 19. 1. #WGCinfiltrate Gyles Brandreth is a former Conservative MP who wears many hats - he’s the President of both the Oscar Wilde Society and the Association of British Scrabble Players. He founded a teddy bear museum with his wife. He also wrote a biography of Prince Philip, published a few days ago. The title of one of his books on word games is a play of words on the title of a seminal early-1970s guidebook of sorts. Change one letter from the four-word title of the early 1970s work to arrive at the name of this book. If it helps, the word whose letter is changed is 3 letters long and would score 10 points in Scrabble either way.
  20. 20. 2. The reason why this very weird interlude in an early 2000s piece of media was included is unclear, in spite of the number of sources consulted for this question by the setter. There is no connection whatsoever between the sci-fi futuristic mid-21st century context of the video, set on a different planet altogether, and the early 20th-century period when the interlude was set. It doesn’t even mention the context of the interlude by name. A certain person who broke a personal streak in 2016 (and, needless to say, is inextricably linked to the context of the interlude) had initially agreed to appear in this scene - however, his schedule did not allow it, and Max Martin lent his voice to this particular bit instead. What early 2000s piece of media? What was the interlude based on?
  21. 21. 3. A photographer with the Dallas Times Herald in the mid-20th century, Bob Jackson may have won the Pulitzer Prize for this photograph, but at the time he was more depressed about not capturing the incident that subsequently led to this scene, two days prior. He was one of the few people to see the _____ in the sixth-floor window of the Texas Book Repository, but his camera had no film. On Sunday, two days later, he was sent to the police station to get more photographs and was nearly reassigned to a press conference instead, but he refused to go - leading to the circumstances that were captured in the photograph. What was happening in this photograph?
  22. 22. Jack Ruby shooting Lee Harvey Oswald
  23. 23. 4. After the culmination of a project towards the end of the ‘80s, part of its proceeds was used to establish a non-profit NGO to help a group of people involved in the project. These people were employed to increase the project's realism. The NGO has since expanded and now works with thousands of individuals each year, operating in Delhi and Bhubaneswar apart from its initial location in Mumbai. What group of people does this NGO help?
  24. 24. Street children The Salaam Baalak Trust, established with funds from Mira Nair’s Salaam Bombay
  25. 25. 5. The object in the image is placed between a serving dish or bowl, and a dining table, usually to protect the table from heat damage. The word for these objects is derived from their original structure, although most variants you’ll see these days don’t have the structural features from which they got their name. A different object has the same etymology as the above object, except that it’s name is derived from Hindi/Urdu rather than Latin. Most variants of these objects also do not strictly obey their etymology. What’s the latter object?
  26. 26. Teapoy Meaning three legs
  27. 27. 6. In 1834, John Marck patented a self-lighting cigar which he named by combining a Latin prefix meaning “from a place” (though it was often misinterpreted to mean “self”) with a corruption of the Italian word for fire. This word was soon genericized to refer to all self-lighting matches. The word came to be used for a faction within New York’s Democratic Party who opposed the Democratic establishment. They are said to have used these matches to light candles after the party tried to break up their meetings by turning off the gaslights. The Whigs used this word to refer to the entire Democratic Party in derision. They interpreted the prefix as being derived from the Spanish for “mad” and the second part of the word from Latin. In this interpretation, the Democrats were the “focus of folly”. The two parts of this word rhyme. WTGW? Marck used this prefix because it had very recently entered the common lexicon as part of a different word. WTGW?
  28. 28. Locofocos, Locomotive
  29. 29. 7. Simeon Stylites was a 4th-century Syrian Christian ascetic who did penance on a small platform atop a pillar near Aleppo for 37 years until his death. He was considered an icon of Christian asceticism and inspired several others to perform similar penances. A 19th-century work of literature likens people who are assigned a certain job to Simeon Stylites. These people, like Simeon, spend many months (though in shorter batches) in an isolated location with no comforts whatsoever. What job are these people doing?
  30. 30. Lookouts on mastheads From Moby Dick
  31. 31. 8. In his book "Colonizing the Body", the historian David Arnold writes about an interesting discrepancy between something that happened in Bombay in 1896 and previous instances when similar things had taken place in India. He hypothesizes that this could be because the people's first experience of the 1896 happening came in the form of swift, panicked, draconian actions taken by the colonial government. So, people placed most of the blame for their suffering on the government rather than on a supernatural force. What was this discrepancy?
  32. 32. No new deity for the bubonic plague Unlike Sitala for smallpox and Oladevi/Olabibi for cholera
  33. 33. 9. Theriac was an ancient Greek concoction that was believed to be a panacea. An English word derived from theriac was used synonymously with panacea in Middle English. This is why the word is used in the name of a structure in the village of Binsey near Oxford, whose contents supposedly had healing powers. The name of this structure made its way into a work by a resident of Oxford in the mid-19th century. In that work, however, the Modern English meaning of the word (which is very far from its original meaning) is assumed, causing a great deal of confusion. What is this structure called?
  34. 34. Treacle well From the Dormouse’s tale in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
  35. 35. 10. On August 18, 1976 a group of North Korean soldiers killed two US army officers who were trimming the branches of a poplar tree in the DMZ. In response, the US sent in a task force consisting of 813 people with guns and chainsaws. Simultaneously, as a show of strength, 27 helicopters and multiple bombers were mobilized and an aircraft carrier was stationed just off-shore. The task force cut down the tree in 42 minutes and left. This operation was given an appropriate name considering its objective and that it was intended to be a display of American strength. What was this name?
  36. 36. Operation Paul Bunyan Named after the giant lumberjack from American folk tales
  37. 37. PHILATELY ROUND WRITTEN 5 Qs; +10/0
  38. 38. 1. What were they called? FITB & put Country. The ______ _____ postage stamps were the first stamps issued by a certain country in the mid 1800s, having face values of 30, 60, and 90 réis. It was the second country in the world, after the United Kingdom, to issue postage stamps valid within the entire country (as opposed to a local issue). The unusual name derives from the ornamental value figures inside the oval settings, and the arrangement of the stamps in the sheet shown in this image.
  39. 39. 2. In 1993, the US postal service decided to release a commemorative stamp honouring Elvis Presley on what would have been his 58th birthday. While this stamp is otherwise considered normal, certain letters with this stamp are considered collector’s items and are auctioned at fairly high prices. The high price of these letters is due to something unusual that his fans did while mailing them. The fans resorted to this to try and obtain letters that contained both the stamp and a certain 3 word phrase that would honour Presley, albeit in a different way. What did they do? What was the 3 word phrase?
  40. 40. 3. The first series of postage stamps in Belgium depicted King Leopold I and were colloquially known as _________. The name is derived from something that the king was known to sport, very regularly, to showcase his high rank in the pecking order. The _________ shark is a longtailed carpet shark that shares its name with the stamp due to a certain reason. FITB and give me the reason for the shared name
  41. 41. 4. 3 parts “29 cents is all it costs to ship something to the <->” FITB. It’s named after a Dutch scientist who was a professor at the University of Chicago. Who was arguably his most well known doctoral student? What would you find this stamp stuck to?
  42. 42. 5.
  43. 43. 5. Why is this sheet so rare? What is the common name of the entity in the stamp? It is derived from slang for its official name. You’d also know the word from the name of the Japanese version of an American “fashion figure”.
  44. 44. 1. What were they called? FITB & put Country. The ______ _____ postage stamps were the first stamps issued by a certain country in the mid 1800s, having face values of 30, 60, and 90 réis. It was the second country in the world, after the United Kingdom, to issue postage stamps valid within the entire country (as opposed to a local issue). The unusual name derives from the ornamental value figures inside the oval settings, and the arrangement of the stamps in the sheet shown in this image.
  45. 45. Bull’s Eyes. Brazil. The first official currency of Brazil was the real (pronounced [ʁeˈaw]; pl. réis). Its sign was Rs$. As the currency of the Portuguese empire, it was in use in Brazil from the earliest days of the colonial period, and remained in use until 1942, when it was replaced by the cruzeiro.
  46. 46. 2. In 1993, the US postal service decided to release a commemorative stamp honouring Elvis Presley on what would have been his 58th birthday. While this stamp is otherwise considered normal, certain letters with this stamp are considered collector’s items and are auctioned at fairly high prices. The high price of these letters is due to something unusual that his fans did while mailing them. The fans resorted to this to try and obtain letters that contained both the stamp and a certain 3 word phrase that would honour Presley, albeit in a different way. What did they do? What was the 3 word phrase?
  47. 47. RETURN TO SENDER They sent them to fictitious addresses to have ‘RETURN TO SENDER’ stamped on the letter.
  48. 48. 3. The first series of postage stamps in Belgium depicted King Leopold I and were colloquially known as _________. The name is derived from something that the king was known to sport, very regularly, to showcase his high rank in the pecking order. The _________ shark is a longtailed carpet shark that shares its name with the stamp due to a certain reason. FITB and give me the reason for the shared name
  49. 49. Epaulettes. Black spots on the shark resemble epaulettes.
  50. 50. 4. 3 parts “29 cents is all it costs to ship something to the <->” FITB. It’s named after a Dutch scientist who was a professor at the University of Chicago. Who was arguably his most well known doctoral student? What would you find this stamp stuck to?
  51. 51. Kuiper Belt. Carl Sagan. New Horizons.
  52. 52. 5.
  53. 53. 5. Why is this sheet so rare? What is the common name of the entity in the stamp? It is derived from slang for its official name. You’d also know the word from the name of the Japanese version of an American “fashion figure”.
  54. 54. Inverted Jenny.
  55. 55. DRIES (B/P)ounce 10 Questions
  56. 56. 1. There’s an artform found across South Asia, but has different characteristics in different countries. In Pakistan, it’s more intricate and uses a wider range of colors. In Nepal, it tends to feature more lettering. In India, it often includes patriotic elements due to a belief that these elements make the authorities look more favourably upon the people purchasing these artworks. In 2019, a gallery was set up for this artwork in Mumbai. The image is from this gallery. What is this artform?
  57. 57. Truck art The gallery is housed within a truck
  58. 58. ● Often touted to be NYC’s answer to the one from Philadelphia, this item has its origins from the Spanish part of Harlem. ● Sold at places whose etymology is derived from the Latin word ‘apotheca’ which means a storehouse or sometimes a wine cellar ● Was featured in the Late Anthony Bourdain’s Parts Unknown as well, but it’s origins is disputed between Yemeni employees working at the first place to sell this and a Hispanic gentleman named Carlos who was a long time employee at the same place who came up with this on his own. 2.
  59. 59. Chopped Cheese
  60. 60. 3. What special type of “communication” is this? ● This term has its origins from the users of Bulletin Board Systems (precursor to modern web, peer-peer) in the 80s and those who used this way of communication were considered “elite” ● Creative misspelling of words were also a way to attempt to indicate one was more knowledgeable about the culture of computer users. ● This “language” system has contributed a lot to the current vocabulary of online communities especially among gamers.
  61. 61. Leetspeak ‘1337’ Leet == eLeet == elite (Pwned - n00b)
  62. 62. 4. What hypothesis was this research trying to test? ● This research from the Animal Husbandry Division of Japan used 6 Black Japanese cows to test their hypothesis inspired from another animal ● The results of this research if employed by cattle owners could potentially lead to a lot of savings in terms of chemicals used to ‘treat’ this ● This problem associated with cattle reduce their grazing, feeding, and bedding down time and increase behaviors like head throwing, foot stamping, skin twitching, and tail flicking) and bunching - which increases heat stress and risk of injury as animals jostle for a better position to avoid this ● Some of the other often used explanations to this ‘phenomenon’ were camouflage, confusion of predators, signaling to its own species, thermoregulation Finals
  63. 63. Stripes on a zebra are for preventing fly bites on it’s body
  64. 64. 5. Which infamous incident was this? What historic first? According to retired photojournalist Sivaraman of the Indian Express, he lists three unforgettable events from his career. First being covering MGR’s death in 1987, Second covering Rajiv Gandhi’s assasination in 1991 But it was his third event which had the most impact in both TN and Indian politics which took place on March 25th 1989 - the day was supposed to mark a historic first in TN politics but was marred by an infamous incident which Sivaraman captured and went on to make front page news that changed the course of Dravidian Politics.
  65. 65. J Jayalalitha being assaulted in the legislative assembly First woman Leader of Opposition
  66. 66. 6. Shown in this 17th century painting is a man tied to a rope who’s being dropped into water. What is being done here? This was seen as a sort of punishment, or rather torture. The natural expectation would be that it was related to drowning, however the ‘torture’ aspect of it was not related to this. What?
  67. 67. Keelhauling. Ships would often have sharp barnacles growing on their underside, which would tear up the person.
  68. 68. 7. Shown is a particular kind of shape that is peculiar in the sense that it has exactly two points where it can rest, of which only one is stable. Pictured is the stable way it can rest. Described in another way, this is a shape that regardless of how it’s placed, will almost always become “upright”. This shape also occurs commonly in nature. Where?
  69. 69. On the backs of shelled animals like Tortoises or Beetles.
  70. 70. 8. FITB. This “___ ______ optimization” is a set of techniques to solve computational problems that were inspired by its namesake. Here is one example of applying this probabilistic technique to solve the travelling salesman problem, where you need to find the shortest journey covering all cities. Breadcrumbs is just a placeholder, it is unrelated to the blanks. ● Have several independent agents that all start from one city and chooses the next city randomly. ● A distant city has a smaller probability of being chosen next. ● Each agent leaves a trail of breadcrumbs along the roads through which she moved. ● The more breadcrumbs a road has, the more chance it has of being used by another agent. ● After the journey, the agent traces back her steps.
  71. 71. Ant Colony Optimisation.
  72. 72. 9. This two-word term is used to refer to a particular set of mass graves that were made during the Cambodian Civil War. A critically acclaimed movie about the same also has the this “The”+ two-word term as its title. Conversely, it can also be used to refer to the mathematical object of an n-dimensional space where each point is assigned a vector. Here, it got its name from the mathematician Wilhelm ______.
  73. 73. Killing Field.
  74. 74. 10. Wilhelm Furtwängler was a very talented / popular German conductor in the mid-19th century. Much of his adoration fell upon a single fellow composer, the lasting impact of which resulted in many of his compositions recorded being solely dedicated to pieces by that composer. In an unrelated context, some other people in the late 1970s also really liked the composer, and ended up using one of Furtwängler’s recordings as reference because it was the longest recording of that piece. What did they use it as a reference to create? How long was the recording that ended up being used?
  75. 75. Length of a C.D. being 74 minutes (longest recording of Beethoven’s 9th Symphony Sony could find)
  76. 76. ARCHITECTURE ROUND WRITTEN 6 Qs; +10/0
  77. 77. 1. The Pombaline style was developed by Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the first Marquês de Pombal, in the mid-18th century. A large section of downtown Lisbon is built in this style. It was the first (Western) architectural style to incorporate a certain feature. Pombaline buildings have upto 4 floors and are laid out in a wide grid-like pattern. The structures are supported by wood and portions of the building are prefabricated. The exteriors are somewhat plain in a Neoclassical fashion. Why did this style arise?
  78. 78. 2. The ________ Revival is an architectural style that rapidly grew in popularity in parts of Western Europe around the beginning of the 19th century. Its popularity was driven by an increase in knowledge and renewed public interest regarding the source of its inspiration, primarily as a result of an event that took place a few years before buildings in this style started being constructed. What event?
  79. 79. 3. The Jengki style developed in Indonesia in the 1950s and ‘60s. It was seen as a movement away from the architecture of the Dutch colonial government and a welcoming of influences from the rest of the world. What was its name derived from?
  80. 80. 4. The __________ ______ style developed in the United States in the early 20th century. It’s an adaptation of a style from several centuries ago. It was primarily used in particular locations in the US and was meant to evoke the antiquity and grandeur associated with similar locations in Europe. It’s name is derived from the locations in which it was used and the style that it imitates. What is it called?
  81. 81. 5. Georges-Eugène Haussmann was a French officer hired by Napoleon III to renovate Paris in the mid-19th century. Haussmann’s vision of the city still dominates central Paris. Apart from the beautification that was undertaken, a major achievement of Haussmann’s plan was the construction of a massive sanitation system connected to the Vanne, the Ourq, and the Seine. In 1857, Napoleon III offered to grant Haussmann an aristocratic title. When asked which one he wanted, Haussmann asked to be made a baron. In his memoirs, however, he joked that he’d like to be given a different (non-existent) title, a play on one of the structures that was built as part of the project described above. What title?
  82. 82. 6. Old Law Tenements are residential complexes built in New York City in the late 19th century. These complexes were very common and were built in large numbers to accommodate European immigrants. The Tenement Housing Act of 1879 required that every habitable room have a window opening to plain air, and builders met this requirement by including a narrow airshaft between adjacent buildings. What nickname was given to Old Law Tenements based on their shape?
  83. 83. 1. The Pombaline style was developed by Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, the first Marquês de Pombal, in the mid-18th century. A large section of downtown Lisbon is built in this style. It was the first (Western) architectural style to incorporate a certain feature. Pombaline buildings have upto 4 floors and are laid out in a wide grid-like pattern. The structures are supported by wood and portions of the building are prefabricated. The exteriors are somewhat plain in a Neoclassical fashion. Why did this style arise?
  84. 84. To reconstruct Lisbon after the 1755 earthquake Buildings are earthquake-resistant
  85. 85. 2. The ________ Revival is an architectural style that rapidly grew in popularity in parts of Western Europe around the beginning of the 19th century. Its popularity was driven by an increase in knowledge and renewed public interest regarding the source of its inspiration, primarily as a result of an event that took place a few years before buildings in this style started being constructed. What event?
  86. 86. Napoleon’s invasion of Egypt Egyptian Revival style
  87. 87. 3. The Jengki style developed in Indonesia in the 1950s and ‘60s. It was seen as a movement away from the architecture of the Dutch colonial government and a welcoming of influences from the rest of the world. What was its name derived from?
  88. 88. Yankee Inspired by American suburban architecture
  89. 89. 4. The __________ ______ style developed in the United States in the early 20th century. It’s an adaptation of a style from several centuries ago. It was primarily used in particular locations in the US and was meant to evoke the antiquity and grandeur associated with similar locations in Europe. It’s name is derived from the locations in which it was used and the style that it imitates. What is it called?
  90. 90. Collegiate Gothic In the style of buildings in Oxford and Cambridge
  91. 91. 5. Georges-Eugène Haussmann was a French officer hired by Napoleon III to renovate Paris in the mid-19th century. Haussmann’s vision of the city still dominates central Paris. Apart from the beautification that was undertaken, a major achievement of Haussmann’s plan was the construction of a massive sanitation system connected to the Vanne, the Ourq, and the Seine. In 1857, Napoleon III offered to grant Haussmann an aristocratic title. When asked which one he wanted, Haussmann asked to be made a baron. In his memoirs, however, he joked that he’d like to be given a different (non-existent) title, a play on one of the structures that was built as part of the project described above. What title?
  92. 92. Aqueduc Duc is the French for duke
  93. 93. 6. Old Law Tenements are residential complexes built in New York City in the late 19th century. These complexes were very common and were built in large numbers to accommodate European immigrants. The Tenement Housing Act of 1879 required that every habitable room have a window opening to plain air, and builders met this requirement by including a narrow airshaft between adjacent buildings. What nickname was given to Old Law Tenements based on their shape?
  94. 94. Dumbbell Tenements
  95. 95. DRIES (B/P)ounce 10 Questions
  96. 96. 1. An Italian born in the 16th century is the reason behind the naming of a certain body part, whose function causes a lot of pain to Scuba divers, notably, along with being the most receptive part from that region to infections. From a quizzing perspective, it’s most interesting use is facilitating the clever assassination of a famous king whose news of death spread at the turn between the 16th and 17th century, with the murder method looking otherwise nonsensical to a normal person. Which body part? Which person assassinated the king referred to here?
  97. 97. Eustachian Tube Claudius killing King Hamlet by pouring poison down his ear
  98. 98. 2. These are the pieces in a certain chess variant, that pits this setup versus normal chess pieces, and is exceedingly balanced. What stands out here, is that every piece can move like a knight in addition to their normal function, as a way of simulating something. Given that fact, along with the design of the king/queen pieces and the color of the pieces, what is this chess variant modelled after from history?
  99. 99. The Golden Horde / Orda Chess (Mongolia)
  100. 100. 3. Nicknamed ‘The Big O’, which North American city’s stadium is this from the 70s, whose high costs to build made people call it The Big Owe? Looking at the visual, what inherent problem specific to the broad event, caused by this design was remedied at some point by a quick thinking worksman using an item from his pocket?
  101. 101. Montreal at the ‘76 Olympics He lit the Olympic torch when it went out using a lighter from his pocket, because the open roof caused rain/wind to put it out.
  102. 102. 4. While made for a purpose that allowed children to read it freely, and with good intentions, this adaptation was received quite badly, because it removed key figures of speeches just because of them being double entendres, like a line about an “old black ram tupping a white ewe”. What work from the early 1800s was this, whose author’s name is used to mock censorship in general? What adapted work was only a page long in the original draft, understandably?
  103. 103. 5. _________ is a system of central heating in a building that produces and circulates hot air below the floor of a room, and may also warm the walls with a series of pipes through which the hot air passes. This air is also used to heat the upper floors. The word derives from the Ancient Greek for which way the air comes up and how it is heated. You might also know the word from the Twitter handle of an English cricket blogger whose Twitter Display Picture is shown here.
  104. 104. Hypocaust. Hypo + Caust(ic).
  105. 105. 6. In 1967, the DMK leader C. N. Annadurai became chief minister of Tamil Nadu. His government conducted the second World Tamil Conference in 1968, in Chennai. As part of the conference, the statues of ten tamil icons who were associated with the history of Tamil literature were erected on the Marina Beach. Which Anglican missionary’s statue is the one shown in this image? What is his contribution to Tamil literature?
  106. 106. George Uglow Pope The first complete English translation of the Tirukkural was the one by the Christian missionary George Uglow Pope in 1886, which introduced the complete Kural to the western world.
  107. 107. 7. Term & Group? A __term__ is a wealthy man deriving his fortune from the east, especially in India during the 18th & 19th centuries with the East India Company. It is an Anglo-Indian term that borrowed into English from Urdu during British colonial rule in India. In late 19th century San Francisco, rapid urbanization led to an exclusive enclave of the rich and famous on the west coast who built large mansions in the Nob Hill neighborhood. This included prominent tycoons such as Leland Stanford, founder of Stanford University and other members of <group> who were known as __term___, which when shortened gave the area its eventual name.
  108. 108. Nabob. The Big 4. from Urdu/Hindustani nawāb/navāb
  109. 109. 8. Shown here is a plant endemic to one particular former British colony. Bearing tiny white flowers, it is a tangle branched, extremely thorny shrub that can grow up to four metres tall. For what specific purpose did early settlers in that country use the plant?
  110. 110. New Zealand. Maori settlers used them as tattooing needles.
  111. 111. 9. Group name & music type? <-> is the world's first South Asian group that exclusively performs a type of music which in Italian translates to 'in the style of the place of worship'. Formed in the late 1990s by students of the University of _____________ . Their music has been influenced by a combination of the Eastern and Western cultures that represent the group’s membership.
  112. 112. Penn Masala. Acapella. University of Pennsylvania.
  113. 113. 10. What device is this? ● This is the operating principle of the device - It uses Rapid Pressure Swing Adsorption technique where the input material is passed at high pressure through Zeolite minerals that effectively “scrubs” the input material of something (to a large extent but not completely) to produce the required end product. ● For larger use cases cryogenic separation instead of zeolite/adsorption based devices are recommended ● The device was initially developed by the Union Carbide and Benedix Corporation in the 70s ● It’s end product is the “most commonly used hospital treatment in the developed world” and features in WHO’s list of essential medicines
  114. 114. OXYGEN CONCENTRATORS Please consider donating to the following initiatives who are trying to procure O2 concentrators- India Needs O2 NOW! (indiao2.org) hemkuntfoundation13@okhdfcbank Donate to ACT Grants | Oxygen For Everyone | ACT Grants - https://actgrants.in/donate/
  115. 115. THANKS FOR COMING!

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