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Partner Logo
Partner
Logo
Integrating gender equity and empowerment in the Dairy Goat
and Root Crop Production project: cu...
Overview of presentation
• Why empowerment and gender equity in AR4D
• Status of empowerment and gender equity in
the proj...
Gender equity and empowerment
definitions
Empowerment is considered to be:
• Change in power relations
• Domination by ind...
Why empowerment in agricultural
research for development (AR4D)
Empowerment is considered a means for farmers to:
• Better...
Empowerment integration in projects
Empowerment is frequently integrated as:
• A vague concept
• An activity
• An outcome ...
Gender equity and empowerment in
the Dairy Goat and Root Crop project
Project objectives:
– To analyse impacts (productivi...
Gender strategy and activities
Strategy: gender analysis to assess current situation; integration
of gender in all project...
Findings and recommendations of the
Mid-term evaluation
Findings
• Gender equity as a key emergent property of system
• Fo...
Key issues and research questions
• What do we mean by gender equity and empowerment?
• Do all women and men want the same...
From empowerment framework to
empowerment pathway
Empowerment conceptual framework:
– What is empowerment?
Empowerment pat...
Developing an
empowerment framework
Defining empowerment:
• What do we mean with gender equity and empowerment?
• Who deci...
Developing an empowerment pathway
• Adopt the Participatory Impact Pathway Analysis
framework with farmers at local level
...
Empowerment framework and pathway
Gender analysis
Participatory ML&E
, Gender Strategy p.11
Integrating the empowerment
fr...
Further questions
• Can gender analysis alone contribute to achieving
empowerment and gender equity?
• Who decides what ar...
Bibliography
• Almekinders, C. and J. Hardon, eds. 2006 Bringing Farmers Back into Breeding:
Experiences with Participator...
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Integrating gender equity and empowerment in the Dairy Goat and Root Crop Production project: Current issues and next steps

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Presented by Alessandra Galie at the Workshop on Integrated Dairy Goat and Root Crop Production, ILRI Nairobi, 19 June 2013

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Integrating gender equity and empowerment in the Dairy Goat and Root Crop Production project: Current issues and next steps

  1. 1. Partner Logo Partner Logo Integrating gender equity and empowerment in the Dairy Goat and Root Crop Production project: current issues and next steps Alessandra Galiè Social Scientist: Gender, ILRI Integrated Dairy Goat and Root Crop Production Workshop, ILRI Nairobi, 19 June 2013
  2. 2. Overview of presentation • Why empowerment and gender equity in AR4D • Status of empowerment and gender equity in the project • Next steps: integrating an empowerment framework and pathway in the project
  3. 3. Gender equity and empowerment definitions Empowerment is considered to be: • Change in power relations • Domination by individuals over chance and circumstances • Capability to negotiate, influence, hold institutions accountable • A means to self-determination Gender equity denotes the equivalence in life outcomes for women and men, recognising their different needs and interests, and requiring a redistribution of power and resources. Sources: Kabeer 2010; Sen 1990
  4. 4. Why empowerment in agricultural research for development (AR4D) Empowerment is considered a means for farmers to: • Better participate in research • Voice their needs and benefit from AR4D • Safeguards their interests and livelihoods • Achieve gender equity Sources: Almekinders 2006; De Schutter 2009; Song 2010
  5. 5. Empowerment integration in projects Empowerment is frequently integrated as: • A vague concept • An activity • An outcome of participatory approaches • An outcome of accessing financial resources • Any impact on the life of vulnerable groups
  6. 6. Gender equity and empowerment in the Dairy Goat and Root Crop project Project objectives: – To analyse impacts (productivity, environmental, gender and empowerment, food security and nutrition) of integrating improved goat breeds with sweet-potatoes and cassava into an agro-pastoral farming system (p. 13) Project outcomes: – Increased ability of women to independently participate in various stages of the value chains; – More equitable social relationships between men and women involved in the goat and root crop value chains (p. 27)
  7. 7. Gender strategy and activities Strategy: gender analysis to assess current situation; integration of gender in all project activities, M&E and Impacts; gender research to inform other interventions Activities: • Capacity building of staff in gender analysis • Community trainings on gender awareness-raising • Inclusion of women in breeding, market, animal health activities • Provision of assets to women (joint ownership) • Support women’s special interest groups • Strategies to involve very poor households and youth • Gender analysis to enhance gender-equity • Integration of gender into project components
  8. 8. Findings and recommendations of the Mid-term evaluation Findings • Gender equity as a key emergent property of system • Focus on transforming people’s normative frameworks • Farmers limited involvement in the intervention Recommendations • Research into development pathways • Gender empowerment framework
  9. 9. Key issues and research questions • What do we mean by gender equity and empowerment? • Do all women and men want the same development path? • What activities contribute to empowerment and how? • How do we measure progress towards empowerment?
  10. 10. From empowerment framework to empowerment pathway Empowerment conceptual framework: – What is empowerment? Empowerment pathway: – How do we translate empowerment framework into local realities to achieve equity of development?
  11. 11. Developing an empowerment framework Defining empowerment: • What do we mean with gender equity and empowerment? • Who decides which gender relations are ‘desirable’? Empowerment as self-determination • What does it mean to (different) farmers? • What change based on current realities and aspirations? Sources: Kabeer 2010; Sen 1990
  12. 12. Developing an empowerment pathway • Adopt the Participatory Impact Pathway Analysis framework with farmers at local level • Define indicators of change with farmers • Build in feed-back loops for accountability to farmers and improved effectiveness At what stage of the project do we integrate this new understanding? Sources: Alvarez et al 2008; Jacobs 2010
  13. 13. Empowerment framework and pathway Gender analysis Participatory ML&E , Gender Strategy p.11 Integrating the empowerment framework and pathway into the project
  14. 14. Further questions • Can gender analysis alone contribute to achieving empowerment and gender equity? • Who decides what are desirable gender relations? • How do we accommodate alternative development paths? • Where is empowerment in the research-to-development continuum? • Is a non-participatory project intrinsically disempowering? • What about aspirations that ‘do not fit’ with our mandate? Sources: Hellin et al 2007
  15. 15. Bibliography • Almekinders, C. and J. Hardon, eds. 2006 Bringing Farmers Back into Breeding: Experiences with Participatory Plant Breeding (Wageningen: Agromisa Foundation). • Alvarez, B. et al. 2008. Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis: A practical method for project planning and evaluation, ILAC Brief No. 17. The ILAC Initiative, Bioversity. • De Schutter, O. 2009, “Seed Policies and the Right to Food: Enhancing Agrobiodiversity and Encouraging Innovation,” UN General Assembly, vol. 42473. • Hellin, J. et al. 2007. Increasing the Impacts of Participatory Research. Experimental Agriculture, 44(01), pp. 81–95. • Jacobs, A. 2010: Creating the missing feed-back loop, IDS Bulletin 41, 6. • Kabeer, N. 2010. Women’s Empowerment, Development Interventions and the Management of Information Flows, IDS Bulletin 41, 6. • Sen, A. 1990. Development as Capability Expansion, in Human Development and the International Development Strategy for the 1990s, ed. K. Griffi n and J. Knight (London: MacMillan) • Song, Y. and R., Vernooy 2010. Seeds of Empowerment: Action Research in the Context of the Feminization of Agriculture in Southwest China, Gender Technology and Development 14, 1: 25– 44.

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