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Public Private Partnerships in Animal Health
Delivery: Experiences from Kenya
Siyat Onle (FACTS), Simon Chuchu, Haret
Hamb...
Outline
Background-1
• Poor Animal Health services in extensive livestock
systems due to
• poor infrastructure
• extensive nature ...
Background-2
• Consequences
• Minimal role of private sector in AH service
delivery-Delivery dependent on government
• Ser...
Objective
To evaluate innovations that incentivize
private sector to supplement government
efforts in AH delivery
Opportunities
• We identified opportunities for collaboration
between the public and private sectors during
vaccination ca...
Opportunities
• We identified opportunities for private sectors
role during vaccination campaigns
• Private sector could o...
Approach
• ILRI supported Sidai & Facts Limited to pilot
this approach in Marsabit & Garissa during
CCPP and PPR vaccinati...
Institutional set up
• Government Department in charge of
veterinary services
• Private sector animal health service provi...
Facts Agrovet during the AHSD Programme
Facts Limited private vets doing extension work on safe use of
drugs
On desk ambulatory clinic
Camel vaccination and tick control
What worked well
• The compnies made significant additional sales
• The company created additional trust among livestock
k...
What did not work well
• Some farmers were not willing to buy services
expecting free services from government
• Since thi...
Critical factors for sustainability
• This is not a PPP in the legal sense but more of a
collaboration between the public ...
Acknowledgements
This work was financed by
• CGIAR Livestock
• AVCD Livestock component
• Technoserve Kenya
It was impleme...
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Public Private Partnerships in Animal Health Delivery: Experiences from Kenya

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Presented by Siyat Onle (FACTS), Simon Chuchu, Haret Hambe and Henry Kiara (ILRI) at the HEARD Project Stakeholder Workshop−PPP Models for Veterinary Service Delivery ILRI, Addis Ababa, 20 June 2019

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Public Private Partnerships in Animal Health Delivery: Experiences from Kenya

  1. 1. Public Private Partnerships in Animal Health Delivery: Experiences from Kenya Siyat Onle (FACTS), Simon Chuchu, Haret Hambe and Henry Kiara (ILRI) HEARD Project Stakeholder Workshop−PPP Models for Veterinary Service Delivery, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 20 June 2019
  2. 2. Outline
  3. 3. Background-1 • Poor Animal Health services in extensive livestock systems due to • poor infrastructure • extensive nature of livestock production • lack of commercial orientation of livestock producers • high levels of poverty • socio-cultural reasons-religious taboos, suspicion, superstition • low literacy levels • culture of free services • lack of information for producers, private sector-absence of extension service
  4. 4. Background-2 • Consequences • Minimal role of private sector in AH service delivery-Delivery dependent on government • Services offered by unqualified personnel leading to widespread use of fake and counterfeit drugs • High morbidity and mortality from preventable diseases • Market disruption due to frequent outbreaks of market-sensitive diseases • High incidence of zoonotic diseases-brucellosis, TB
  5. 5. Objective To evaluate innovations that incentivize private sector to supplement government efforts in AH delivery
  6. 6. Opportunities • We identified opportunities for collaboration between the public and private sectors during vaccination campaigns by the government • Governments mounts vaccination campaigns against different diseases-scheduled or in response to disease outbreaks from time to time • Funds are spent on publicising, mobilisation, camping in remote places for several days • Provides one (occasionally 2 vaccines) and some times deworming services
  7. 7. Opportunities • We identified opportunities for private sectors role during vaccination campaigns • Private sector could offer additional services to take advantage of the following: • Awareness created by the vaccination campaign • Large numbers of animals in one place • Presence of government personnel to offer security • Assurance to livestock keepers of genuine service because government has approved them • Sharing of some logistics-transport, cold chain
  8. 8. Approach • ILRI supported Sidai & Facts Limited to pilot this approach in Marsabit & Garissa during CCPP and PPR vaccination respectively • The company offered the following additional services at a fee • Deworming • Tick control • Clinical services • Drug sales • Information • Additional vaccination
  9. 9. Institutional set up • Government Department in charge of veterinary services • Private sector animal health service provider • Facilitating institution-(NGO, Project etc) • Community organisation/mechanism through which awareness is created
  10. 10. Facts Agrovet during the AHSD Programme
  11. 11. Facts Limited private vets doing extension work on safe use of drugs
  12. 12. On desk ambulatory clinic
  13. 13. Camel vaccination and tick control
  14. 14. What worked well • The compnies made significant additional sales • The company created additional trust among livestock keepers and opened new markets • Government received the credit for additional services • Government saved funds (not buying dewormers) that went into additional vaccines • Farmers benefited from a wider range of quality services • Greater awareness of modern veterinary services created among farmers
  15. 15. What did not work well • Some farmers were not willing to buy services expecting free services from government • Since this was a new concept, farmers were not aware there was opportunity to buy additional services, so did not bring money to the vaccination campaign • There was initial reluctance from government to allow private sector to accompany them-they feared private sector will take their job • Some farmers thought government staff were selling drugs provided by the government
  16. 16. Critical factors for sustainability • This is not a PPP in the legal sense but more of a collaboration between the public and private sectors. It therefore requires a regulatory framework • A conducive environment for private sector actors • Trust between the public and privates sectors • An entrepreneurial spirit among private sector players • A willingness of the public sector to innovate to address animal health delivery constraints
  17. 17. Acknowledgements This work was financed by • CGIAR Livestock • AVCD Livestock component • Technoserve Kenya It was implemented in a partnership with • County Governments of Garissa and Marsabit • FACTS • Sidai Africa • ILRI • Technoserve Kenya It contributes to the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock

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