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Update on pig value chain development in Vietnam Lucy Lapar (ILRI) CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Value Chain Development Team Meeting Nairobi, 5-8 March 2012
Why pigs in Vietnam? Pork is a significant component of the Vietnamese diet, per capita pork consumption is likely to remain on the uptrend with rising incomes. Strong demand for fresh pork that smallholders can supply through most preferred outlets by consumers; Changing nature of pork demand, e.g., emerging food safety, quality concerns need to be assessed and properly understood Dominance of smallholders in pig production, importance in employment generation, significant contribution to HH income Smallholder competitiveness (vis-à-vis other suppliers, e.g., large farms, imports) remains a development policy challenge (rising feed prices, animal disease risks) Enabling policy environment, willingness of policymakers, development partners, and stakeholders to engage in R4D initiatives Building on previous ILRI work with various partners.
Projected share of pork supply from large-scale producers 14% Base simulation 12% High income growth 10% High tech growth in modern sector 8% No tech growth in traditional 6% No tech growth in maize m High income elasticity of o u p n d e a g 4% c-s s r t i l modern High income elast and tech 2% growth in modern Worst case for traditional 0% sectoroheagSrfl 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Year
Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes CRP3.7, local and 1. Partners have capacity to Evidence base in each international partners have use basic set of tools for VC target VC for best-bet established an R&D alliance toassessment pro-poor VC transform target VC in each 2. Stakeholders in each development country country are increasingly interventions is aware of potential, influencing constraints and initial development options for pro-poor investment decisions development of target VC
Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes R&D alliance 1. capacity to use tools Evidence base 2. Stakeholders aware influencing decisionsResearch 1. Scoping study to develop an 1. Inventory and evidence base 1. Best-bet interventionOutputs inventory of feed technology (literature review) for key strategy formulated and options and identify stakeholders constraints and proposed tested, ready for scaling and potential partners. solutions compiled up and out. 2. Rapid assessment of target VC 2. Quantitative assessment of to inform design of in-depth VC performance assessment of animal health constraints, and to identify 3. Technical and economic preliminary priority constraints assessments of key VC and best-bet upgrading strategies components to target for to test. upgrading (e.g. farm-level: husbandry, feeds, breeds, 3. Selected best-best options on health, environmental issues; feeds, animal health (biosecurity, market-level: institutional diagnostics) and possibly breed, environment, food safety, identified and piloting initiated in demand characteristics; selected sites (e.g. with LIFSAP) overall: policies, organizational strategies)
Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes R&D alliance 1. capacity to use tools Evidence base 2. Stakeholders aware influencing decisionsResearchOutputs 4. Basic toolkit for VC assessment 4. Pig feed ration decision compiled for testing (with CRP 2) support tool – to inform feeding options under a range 5. Analytical framework for of feed types, nutrient value, assessing VC performance and feed prices (build on CIP- established (with CRP 2) LifSim model?)
Current Activities & Resources/Potential LinkagesACIAR Improving competitiveness of pig producers in an adjusting Vietnam market (recently completed, ongoing engagement with national partners on policy advocacy, outreach); completed New project: Supporting small-scale pig production in Vietnam through reducing risks, enhancing productivity, and upgrading value chains (with CRP 4.3, likely 2012);GEF-Asia Development and application of decision support tools to conserve and(Vietnam) sustainably use genetic diversity in indigenous livestock and wild relatives (pigs)CIAT Improved forage-based feeding systems in Vietnam (+Cambodia, Laos)WB-MARD Livestock Competitiveness and Food Safety Project (development partner)
Identified Priority Gaps for Resource Mobilization VC assessment of productivity constraints from animal diseases, prioritization. ACIAR risk assessment and food safety (2nd half 2012) Inventory of feeding options and assessment to identify best-bet options for testing and validation, both in terms of technical parameters and economic viability. CIAT-IFAD forage-based feeding systems, started in 2012; likely integration in Vietnam team’s work plan (being discussed) Assessment of innovation capacity at farm level (farmers, development partners on technology adoption) and along the value chain (best practices, institutions). Assessment of VC performance (ex ante and ex post) of identified interventions.
2012 Priorities for Organisational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities Restructure team to match CRP needs at the target VC (economist time + some vet- epi time from CRP 4.3 + some feeds specialist time?). Identify gaps for priority recruitment and/or shared appointments (local research support, pig nutrition) and partnership. Communications specialist (AYAD volunteer) in place to support communication activities Research officer position being sought from funding through AVID Identify strategy and mechanisms for working links internally with other CRP3.7 components, and externally with CRP2 and CRP 4.3.
Project Hanoi, Ha tay survey sitesPhu Tho across 6 agro- Nghe An ecological regions of Vietnam Dak LakHCMC, Dong Nai, Tien Giang
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