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Integrated solar irrigation solutions for resilient and equitable smallholder farming

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Presented by IWMI's Petra Schmitter at a session entitled 'Supporting profitable and sustainable farmer-led agriculture' at the Water for Food Global Conference, in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA, on April 29, 2019.

Publié dans : Environnement
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Integrated solar irrigation solutions for resilient and equitable smallholder farming

  1. 1. Integrated solar irrigation solutions for resilient and equitable smallholder farming Petra Schmitter, International Water Management Institute Contact: p.schmitter@cgiar.org
  2. 2. Designing suitable solar irrigation solutions Make solar equitably accessible Make solar environmentally sustainable Solar irrigation for SHF Integrated water resource management Irrigation management and efficiency Feasible outscaling Access to tailored finance Access to Appropriate technologies Reduced prohibitive upfront costs On-and off-grid solutions in India and Africa Incentives to safeguard groundwater On-grid solutions in India Enhancing social inclusion Off-grid where landless farmers taking joint lease Increased subsidy for women Sources: Closas et al. (in prep)
  3. 3. On-grid systems: Sell solar ‘as a crop’ to mitigate overexploitation of groundwater & enhance incomes1 Off-grid systems: Can provide energy access, food and livelihood security, access to water2 Benefits of the model • Reliable day-time energy for irrigation • Feed-in tariff for selling excess electricity to the grid • Supplementary, counter-seasonal incomes for farmers • Diversified, cleaner power grids Benefits of the model • Reduced prohibitive upfront costs • Relatively equal distribution of risk amongst gov., lender and borrower • Tailored financing to farmers’ needs (e.g., repayment schedules) Pilot on- and off-grid solution Sources: 1 Shah et al. (2018); 2 Otoo et al. (2018)
  4. 4. Advisories and warning to farmers to enhance food security and livelihoods under climate uncertainties Data-based FLI advisories through mobile phones on agricultural, irrigation and market advice to optimize yields and minimize crop failure Drought monitoring and early warning system combining local information on soil moisture with remote sensing and artificial intelligence Integrated information platform for water planning, management and monitoring to manage more variable, scarce and contested water resources Data cube of geographical and geophysical attributes to provide geo-spatially tailored information (e.g. technology suitability) IoT, AI, Blockchain to help monitor usage, overexploitation, water quality, water rights, water productivity Water accounting estimations of source availability and uses to enable better planning, allocation, monitor, enforcement & stewardship Digital innovations generally require contextualization, ground truthing and suitable dissemination pathways Digital integration