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Citadelle d’Erbil, Kurdistan, Irak                        ‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ارﺒﻴﻝ - ﻛردﺴﺘﺎن اﻟﻌ اق‬                         ‫ر‬       ...
PROJECT PARTNERSFRANCE•	 French Embassy in Iraq•	 Ifpo (Institut Français du Proche-Orient)•	 Lafarge-Iraq CompanyIRAQ•	 L...
PROJECT BACKGROUNDAccording the partnership agreement for the development of cultural,scientific, and technical cooperatio...
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECTIn close collaboration between Ifpo, HCECR and UNESCO and with thefinancial support of Lafarge gr...
INTERVENTION PRINCIPLESAll the conservation techniques proposed for ShihabChalabi respect the following criteria:•	 Less i...
RE-USE PROJECTKEY CONCEPTS1- Honor History (restoration, rehabilitation, UNESCO compliance)    • Minimal intervention    •...
IMPLEMENTATION PHASE«CHANTIER-ECOLE»            TRAINING WORKSHOP Objectives: •	 Develop training program •	 Develop demon...
Implementation Phase       IMPLEMENTATION STEPS   1            2           3          4            5            6         ...
Implementation Phase                1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treat...
Implementation Phase               1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatm...
Implementation Phase               1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatm...
Implementation Phase               1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatm...
Implementation Phase               1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatm...
Implementation Phase1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLS  Before     After                                  ...
Implementation Phase1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLS  1 BEFORE INTERVENTION                             ...
Implementation Phase                1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treat...
Implementation Phase                1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treat...
Implementation Phase                1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treat...
Implementation Phase       2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled t...
Implementation Phase        2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled ...
Implementation Phase     2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled to ...
Implementation Phase      2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTUREThe Original painted ceiling have been clean...
Implementation Phase              3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPSSteps of intervention :Step 1: Removal ...
Implementation Phase              3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPSStep 2: Floor finishing                ...
Implementation Phase              3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPS3. Stairs and steps treatment          ...
Implementation Phase              4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYObjectiveThere are several major reasons ...
Implementation Phase              4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYMethodology•	 Identify what is to be remo...
Implementation Phase              4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYCleaning techniquesStone masonry cleaning...
Implementation Phase             4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYCourtyard facades: Base repairs           ...
Implementation Phase             4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYRepairs of the courtyard facades          ...
Implementation Phase             5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEThe lowring of the courtyard level was dec...
Implementation Phase             5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 2: Installation of the courtyard drai...
Implementation Phase             5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 3: Pavement using fired brick tiles (...
Implementation Phase            5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 3: Paveming using tabouk              ...
Implementation Phase            6. ELECTRICAL, INTERNET AND PLUMBING SYSTEMElectrical wiring, phone wiring, and wiring for...
6. ELECTRICAL, INTERNET AND PLUMBING SYSTEM                   Plumbing (ground floor, toilet area)                        ...
Implementation Phase            7. WOODWORK: DOORS, WINDOWS AND OPENINGSAll doors and windows were replaced.              ...
Implementation Phase            7. WOODWORK: DOORS, WINDOWS AND OPENINGSAll doors and windows were replaced.              ...
Implementation Phase                8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEWindow grille                                ...
Implementation Phase                    8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLECleaning and treatment of the window gril...
Implementation Phase            8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original      ...
Implementation Phase            8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original      ...
Implementation Phase            8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original      ...
Implementation Phase            8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction and installation of the portico balust...
Implementation Phase8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLE                Production and installation of the portico ba...
Implementation Phase9. PAVEMENT AND FINISHING                                                                             ...
Implementation Phase            10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopy           ...
Implementation Phase                  10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopyParap...
Implementation Phase                  10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopyParap...
Implementation Phase                  10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTParapet reconstruction and roof drainagePar...
51 November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
MERCI                                                          52  © Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, November 2012, MB Conservation
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Diaporama explicatif des travaux de restauration de la Maison Chalaibi à Erbil (Ifpo Irak)

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La maison Shihab Chalabi a été inaugurée le 12 novembre 2012 à l’occasion de la clôture des travaux de restauration menés depuis octobre 2011, en présence de son excellence Monsieur Denys Gauer, Ambassadeur de France en Irak, de Monsieur Nawzad Hadi, Gouverneur de la région d’Erbil-Kurdistan irakien, de Monsieur Bruno Lafont, Directeur général du Groupe Lafarge, de Monsieur Dara Al-Yacubi, Directeur de la Haute Commission pour la Revitalisation de la Citadelle d’Erbil (HCECR) et de Monsieur François Burgat, Directeur de l’Ifpo.

La maison Chalabi a été mise à disposition de l’Ifpo en octobre 2010, dans le cadre d’un partenariat franco-irakien avec la HCECR et l’Ifpo. De très importants travaux de restauration, soutenus financièrement par le Groupe Lafarge, ont été conduits par l’architecte Mahmoud Bendakir avec l’appui d’Emmanuelle Devaux, architecte Ifpo.

Les locaux de l’Ifpo en Irak abriteront très prochainement une médiathèque scientifique, des salles de lecture et de réunion ainsi que des bureaux pour accueillir des chercheurs venant d’Irak, de France ou du reste du monde.

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Diaporama explicatif des travaux de restauration de la Maison Chalaibi à Erbil (Ifpo Irak)

  1. 1. Citadelle d’Erbil, Kurdistan, Irak ‫ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ارﺒﻴﻝ - ﻛردﺴﺘﺎن اﻟﻌ اق‬ ‫ر‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻬورﻴﺔ اﻟﻌ اﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﻗﻪاڵی ﻫﻪﻭﻟێﺮ- ﻛﻮﺭﺩﺳﺘﺎﻧﯽ ﻋێﺮﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻋێﺮﺍﻕ‬ INAUGURATION ‫ﺤﻔﻝ اﻓﺘﺘﺎح‬ ‫ﻤﺸروع ﺘرﻤﻴم ﺒﻴت ﺸﻬﺎب ﺠﻠﺒﻲ‬Projet de Restauration et de Réhabilitation de la Maison Shihab Chalabi Restoration and Rehabilitation of Shihab Chalabi house Project ‫ﭘﺮۆژﻩی ﺑﻮژﺍﻧﺪﻧﻪﻭﻩی ﻣﺎڵﯽ ﺷﻪﻫﺎﺏ ﭼﻪﻟﻪﺑﯽ‬ ِ November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conserva on
  2. 2. PROJECT PARTNERSFRANCE• French Embassy in Iraq• Ifpo (Institut Français du Proche-Orient)• Lafarge-Iraq CompanyIRAQ• Local Government of Kurdistan• Governorate of Erbil• HCECR (High Commission For Erbil Citadel Revitalization)Studies and supervision : MB Conservation November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 2 
  3. 3. PROJECT BACKGROUNDAccording the partnership agreement for the development of cultural,scientific, and technical cooperation initiated by the Government of theFrench Republic and the Government of the Republic of Iraq, the projectfor the rehabilitation of Shihab Chalabi house was proposed and initiatedby the local government of Kurdistan and the French Ministry of foreignaffairs in order to accommodate the Ifpo center in Iraq. Within this generalframework, a contract of partnership was signed on October 2010 betweenthe company Lafarge, Ifpo (French Institute of the Near East) and the HCECR(High Commission for Erbil Citadel Revitalization), in the presence of theEmbassy of France, the Governorate of Erbil and officials of Lafarge company.On October 2011, inside Shihab Chalabi house, His Excellency Denis Gauer,Ambassador of France in Iraq and Mr. Dara Yakubi, director of the HCECR,proceeded to the signature of the lease granting the use of this historicalbuilding to house the Ifpo center. Following on that, Mr. Francois Burgat,director of the Ifpo and Mr. Attila Pars, Chief Financial Officer of LafargeCompany have proceeded to the signature of the funding partnership ofthe restoration and reuse of the Shihab Chalabi house. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 3 
  4. 4. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECTIn close collaboration between Ifpo, HCECR and UNESCO and with thefinancial support of Lafarge group, the objectives of the conservationand rehabilitation of Shihab Chalabi house are as following:1. Complete the documentation of the Shihab Chalabi house;2. Prepare the condition assessment study and elaborate a completemapping of different pathologies affecting this valuable monument;3. Propose a set of technical study and re-use design;4. Use Chalabi house as a pilot project to develop training workshop“Chantier-Ecole” to reinforce local capacities and skills in the field ofheritage conservation;4. Implement the rehabilitation works in accordance with internationalstandards and respecting the UNESCO recommendations for preservingthe Erbil citadel site;5. The re-use of the buildings to house the Ifpo Institute in order todevelop scientific researches, and to implement cultural cooperationactions in the archaeology and social sciences fields. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 4 
  5. 5. INTERVENTION PRINCIPLESAll the conservation techniques proposed for ShihabChalabi respect the following criteria:• Less intervention on the original part of the building with focus only to treat different pathologies and to reduce the risk of future degradation;• Use of similar materials and techniques as original;• No extent on conjecture in terms of interpretation;• Soft intervention to guarantee the protection of the strict concept of authenticity and integrity;• Develop training, practices and skills;• Experiment materials and techniques before applying on a large scale. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 5 
  6. 6. RE-USE PROJECTKEY CONCEPTS1- Honor History (restoration, rehabilitation, UNESCO compliance) • Minimal intervention • Preserve main components (facade walls, portico, courtyard) • Maintain historical characteristics • Restore look and feel (consistent materials and details)2- Improve Functionality (center operations, visitor and studentsexperience) • Clear circulation (new interior connections, unique access) • Grouped program elements (clear organization) • New services (toilets, researcher accommodations, confort, security)3- Simplicity of Intervention • Subtle distinctions between existing and restored architectural features • Use of similar materials and techniques • Minimize visual prominence of modern equipment (mechanical/ electrical system) November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 6 
  7. 7. IMPLEMENTATION PHASE«CHANTIER-ECOLE» TRAINING WORKSHOP Objectives: • Develop training program • Develop demonstration works • Develop practices and skills • Identify local know-how • Identify local materials • Experiment techniques November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 7 
  8. 8. Implementation Phase IMPLEMENTATION STEPS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Humidity Treatment Treatment Stonework: Lowering Electrical, Woodwork: Ironwork: Pavement Terrace,treatment: of decorated of internal Treatment of the internet Doors, Balustrade and canopy and Internal ceiling floors, stairs courtyard and windows and finishing parapet and and roof and steps of gypsum level and plumbing and window treatment external structure stone drainage system openings grille walls masonry 8  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  9. 9. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : External wallsStep 1: Removal of debris and spoil heaps at the base of the wallTo allow the wall to breath and to evaporate the excessive humidity, incompatible materials, cement plaster and spoil heaps havebeen removed. After a period of more than 6 months, the brick joins were repointed using a lime and sand mortar. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 9 
  10. 10. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : External wallsStep 2: Removal of cement plaster at the base of the wall 10  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  11. 11. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : External wallsStep 3: Cleaning of the joins between the brick masonry and removalof cement and mud mortar 11  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  12. 12. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : External wallsStep 4: Brick masonry repairs and removal of PVC pipes, electricalwires, telegraph cable... November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 12  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  13. 13. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : External wallsStep 6: Repointing with a lime-sand-brick powder mortar 13  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  14. 14. Implementation Phase1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLS Before After 14  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  15. 15. Implementation Phase1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLS 1 BEFORE INTERVENTION 3 AFTER INTERVENTION 2 DURING INTERVENTION 15  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  16. 16. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : Internal wallsRemoval of existing gypsum plaster affected and eroded by humidity and particularly the basement walls which are moreexposed to rising damp. Before aplaying a new plaster, the brick masonry was exposed for a long time to allow the wall tobreath and to evaporate the excessive humidity. 16  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  17. 17. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : Internal wallsStep 2: Plastering 17  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  18. 18. Implementation Phase 1. HUMIDITY TREATMENT: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL WALLSSteps of intervention for wall treatment : Internal wallsFirst gypsum coat before applying the final coat. 18  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  19. 19. Implementation Phase 2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled to allow the examination and treatment of the roof structure2. The main beams and joists were treated against termite3. The decorated panels were cleaned and then reinstalled 19  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  20. 20. Implementation Phase 2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled to allow the examination and treatment of the roof structure2. The main beams and joists were treated against termite3. The decorated panels were cleaned and then reinstalledStep1: Dismantling of the plywood panels of the Step2: Inspection and treatment of the wood structure Step3: Cleaning, retouching of damaged or missing parts anddecorated ceiling then re-assembling the plywood panels. 20  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  21. 21. Implementation Phase 2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTURE1. The new painted ceiling was dismantled to allow the examination and treatment of the roof structure2. The main beams and joists were treated against termite3. The decorated panels were cleaned and then reinstalled INSTRUCTION FOR TERMITE TREATMENT Steps of intervention for termite treatment: • Brush and remove dust to allow a better penetration of the products on the wood • Inspect the portions that are highly infested and determine the degree of the attacks • Inject under pressure the wood treatments for large-section beams • Spray the anti-termite product on the surface of the wood structure until saturation. 21  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  22. 22. Implementation Phase 2. TREATMENT OF DECORATED CEILING AND ROOF STRUCTUREThe Original painted ceiling have been cleaned and conserved as it is 22  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  23. 23. Implementation Phase 3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPSSteps of intervention :Step 1: Removal of the concrete layer within the rooms and portico area November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 23  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  24. 24. Implementation Phase 3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPSStep 2: Floor finishing November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 24  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  25. 25. Implementation Phase 3. TREATMENT OF INTERNAL FLOORS, STAIRS AND STEPS3. Stairs and steps treatment November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 25  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  26. 26. Implementation Phase 4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYObjectiveThere are several major reasons for cleaning the historic stone masonry of the portico:1. Treat the structural and humid pathologies to improve the resistance of the fragile gypsum stonemasonry;2. Improve the appearance of the gypsum stone masonry by removing non-compatible materials likepainting, gypsum plaster, white cement mortar, cement joins and other intrusive materials;2. Provide a clean surface treated to resist to rainfall water infiltration;3. Replacing eroded pieces, repointing and refilling gaps and missed parts of the stone masonry. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 26  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  27. 27. Implementation Phase 4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYMethodology• Identify what is to be removed.• Consider the historic appearance of the building.• Choose the appropriate cleaning techniques and methods.• Identify prior treatments and adapted restoration materials. 27  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  28. 28. Implementation Phase 4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYCleaning techniquesStone masonry cleaning methods generally are divided into 4 major groups: water, chemical, abrasiveand laser cleaning.- Water methods soften the dirt or soiling material and rinse the deposits from the masonry surface.- Abrasive methods include blasting with grit, and the use of grinders and sanding discs, all of whichmechanically remove the dirt, soiling material or paint (and, usually, some of the masonry surface).Abrasive cleaning is also often followed with a water rinse. 28  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  29. 29. Implementation Phase 4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYCourtyard facades: Base repairs 29  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  30. 30. Implementation Phase 4. STONEWORK: TREATMENT OF GYPSUM STONE MASONRYRepairs of the courtyard facades November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 30 
  31. 31. Implementation Phase 5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEThe lowring of the courtyard level was decided to improve the accessibility of the basement level and to treat the capillaryaction at the base of the stone facades. November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 31 
  32. 32. Implementation Phase 5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 2: Installation of the courtyard drainage system November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 32 
  33. 33. Implementation Phase 5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 3: Pavement using fired brick tiles (tabouk) set on a bed of compacted gravel Before the lowering of the courtyard ground level After the lowering of the courtyard ground level November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 33 
  34. 34. Implementation Phase 5. LOWERING OF THE COURTYARD LEVEL AND DRAINAGEStep 3: Paveming using tabouk 34 
  35. 35. Implementation Phase 6. ELECTRICAL, INTERNET AND PLUMBING SYSTEMElectrical wiring, phone wiring, and wiring for computer and internet networking November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 35 
  36. 36. 6. ELECTRICAL, INTERNET AND PLUMBING SYSTEM Plumbing (ground floor, toilet area) November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation 36 
  37. 37. Implementation Phase 7. WOODWORK: DOORS, WINDOWS AND OPENINGSAll doors and windows were replaced. 37  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  38. 38. Implementation Phase 7. WOODWORK: DOORS, WINDOWS AND OPENINGSAll doors and windows were replaced. 38  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  39. 39. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEWindow grille Historical ironwork to be restored 1980s poor quality ironwork to be dismontled and replaced 39  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  40. 40. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLECleaning and treatment of the window grilleCleaning and removal of paintings before the traitment of ironwork 40  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  41. 41. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original 41  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  42. 42. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original 42  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  43. 43. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction of new window grille as original 43  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  44. 44. Implementation Phase 8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLEProduction and installation of the portico balustrade 44  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  45. 45. Implementation Phase8. IRONWORK: BALUSTRADE AND WINDOW GRILLE Production and installation of the portico balustrade 45  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  46. 46. Implementation Phase9. PAVEMENT AND FINISHING 46  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  47. 47. Implementation Phase 10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopy 47  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  48. 48. Implementation Phase 10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopyParapet reconstruction Roor lime and sand mortar for slope towards the waterspots 48  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  49. 49. Implementation Phase 10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTReconstruction of the courtyard canopyParapet reconstruction 49  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  50. 50. Implementation Phase 10. TERRACE, CANOPY AND PARAPET TREATMENTParapet reconstruction and roof drainageParapet reconstruction Roor lime and sand mortar for slope towards the waterspots 50  November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  51. 51. 51 November 2012, Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, MB Conservation
  52. 52. MERCI 52  © Dr. Mahmoud Bendakir, November 2012, MB Conservation

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