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how to make wind turbine and design of wind turbine.pptx

  1. Wind Turbine Name :- Iftekhar Ahmad guided by:-Mr. Vikram Kapoor Reg no :- 1529 Assistant Professor Name :- Abdul wajid Reg no :- 1571
  2. Content  Introduction  Component of wind turbine  Function of component  Working  Types of wind turbines  Size of wind turbine  Site selection  Wind farms  Location of wind farms  Safety system  Advantages  Disadvantages  Future  Work distribution  Budget analysis  Refrences
  3. Introduction  Wind turbine is a devices that convert kinetics energy from the wind into electric power.  Wind energy is created when the atmosphere is heated unevenly by the sun, some patches of air become warmer than others. These warm patches of air rise, other air rushes in to replaces them thus, wind blows.  It works opposite of fan turbine blade spin from the wind and make energy instead of using energy to make wind.  The first windmill used to produced electric energy was created in 1888 by Charles F. Brush.  The wind power programmed in India was started during 1983-84 with the efforts of the ministry of non-conventional energy sources.
  4. Component Of Wind Turbine
  5. Function Of Component  Foundation :- Foundation give support to wind turbine. It consists of solid concrete assembly  Tower :- it connected rotor and foundation and raise rotor so that it can operate at required wind. Made up of steel having tube like structure  Rotor & rotor Blades :- it is rotating part which converts wind energy to rotation. It made up of glass-fibre, carbon-fibre, reinforced plastics.  Nacelle:- contains the key components of the wind turbine including the gearbox yaw system and electric generator.  Low speed shaft :- connects the rotor hub to the gearbox.  High speed shaft :- drive the electric generator by rotating at high speed
  6. Function of component  Gearbox :- the gear box converts the rotor motion of lower rpm into the higher rpm.  Coupling :- coupling is done between the main shaft and the transmission.  Generator :- generates electricity from rotation of shaft.  Controller :- it is a self operating system used in control system. It may be sensor ( mechanical, electrical) decision element ( relays, microprocessor) and actuators ( hydraulic ,electric ).  Yaw mechanism :- turn the nacelle with the rotor into the wind using motors.  Anemometer and wind vane :- measure the speed and the direction of the wind while sending signals to the controller to start or stop the turbine.
  7. Working
  8. Types of wind turbine 1. Horizontal axis type A horizontal axis machine has its blades rotating on an axis parallel to the ground Single blade horizontal wind turbine Double blade horizontal wind turbine Three blade horizontal wind turbine Lower blade weight and less cost. More vibration & unconventional look. Similar to single blade HAWT. Have stability problem. Balance of gyroscopic forces increases gearbox costs.
  9. Types of wind turbine 2. Vertical axis type vertical axis wind turbine have the main rotor shaft arranged vertically. VAWTs runs in any wind direction. Good efficiency drag type turbine Produce large torque and cyclic stress on used incase of high reliability in many things The tower require some external power such as ventilation and anemometers. Source to start turning. Self starting less efficient Darrius wind turbine savonious wind turbine
  10. Size of wind turbine Small ( <10 kw ) intermediate (10-250 Kw) large ( 250kw- 2+ Mw) 1. Homes 1. village power 1. central station wind farms 2. Farms 2. hybrid system 2.Distributed power 3. Remote application 3. distributed power
  11. The performance of wind turbines depends on 5 major factors Wind power Altitude Air Temperature Blade Aerodynamics . Obstru ction
  12. Site selection  Njj ooiiu9u99iiii  High annual average wind speed  Altitude of proposed site  Terrain and aerodynamic  Easy of transportation  Nearness to user/ centre  Local ecology & nature of ground  Off shore and sea coast (2400 kwh/m2 per year)  Mountains (1600 kwh/m2 per year)  Planes ( 750 kwh/m2 per year) Consideration during site selection Best site for wind turbine
  13. Wind farms A wind farm or wind park is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce energy Offshore wind farms onshore wind farms 1 wind farm located right off the coast 1. less wind power available than offshore. or in sea using floating platform. 2. Less installation cost. 2 more wind power but more cost. 3. Usually near to user but create noise and visual problem. London array, united kingdom (630 MW) Jaisalmer wind park, Rajasthan ( 1064 MW )
  14. Location of wind farm worldwide there are now over two hundred thousand wind turbines operating, with a total nameplate Capacity of 318105 MW. Top 10 country by nameplate wind power capacity wind energy installation in state across India
  15. Safety system  Emergency stop:- if a situation arise which call for the wind turbine to be stopped immediately, it is used and wind turbine stop ion few second by fathering the blade directly into the wind.  Computer and sensors:- the wind turbine is controlled by a computer data from sensors which monitors the most important gauging instrument and compare the result , if found error wind turbine stopped.  Lightning rods:- The wind turbine system is protected from lighting by these rod going from the tip of the blade to the ground.  Temporary rope system:- this system provide temporary fall protection during construction , maintenance and inspection of wind turbine
  16. Advantage  Good for environment as it uses renewable sources of energy as wind.  Wind is freely available in nature.  Can be setup in remote areas where electricity through transmission wire cannot be reached.  Clean source of energy as it does not produce any green houses gases or any other pollution.  Once setup is completed the cost of generation electricity become less.  Can be combined with solar electricity to give reliable supply of electricity.
  17. Disadvantage  Site specific i.e. suited to particular region.  Create a lot of noise disturbances.  Cause visual impact.  High initial cost.  Large requirement of land for wind farming.  Threat to wild life as it kills bird.
  18. Work distribution Design and analysis part Paperwork Iftekhar Ahmad Abdul Wajid Material collection & assembly Fabrication of the wind turbine
  19. Budget analysis  Tower : 1000  Bearing : 400  Yaw system : 800  Generator : 2500  battery : 1200  light : 200  Wire : 200  Inverter : 600  Transformer : 400  PVC pipe : 500  Total 7400 Rupees. (Approx. 8000)
  20. References !&&p=7ecf7a39e209476fJmltdHM9MTY3NzgwMT YwMCZpZ3VpZD0xZTViYjgzNS0zNmUzLTYyMzktMDgxZS1hYTZmMzdlNTYzZDAma W5zaWQ9NTIyOQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=1e5bb835-36e3-6239-081e- aa6f37e563d0&psq=WIND+TURBINE&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3 JnL3dpa2kvV2luZF90dXJiaW5l&ntb=1 !&&p=12f557a845633628JmltdHM9MTY3NzgwMT YwMCZpZ3VpZD0xZTViYjgzNS0zNmUzLTYyMzktMDgxZS1hYTZmMzdlNTYzZDAma W5zaWQ9NTI1Mw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=1e5bb835-36e3-6239-081e- aa6f37e563d0&psq=WIND+TURBINE&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZW5lcmd5Lmdvdi 9lZXJlL3dpbmQvaG93LWRvLXdpbmQtdHVyYmluZXMtd29yaw&ntb=1 !&&p=bc81c29093291263JmltdHM9MTY3NzgwMT YwMCZpZ3VpZD0xZTViYjgzNS0zNmUzLTYyMzktMDgxZS1hYTZmMzdlNTYzZDAma W5zaWQ9NTI5Ng&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=1e5bb835-36e3-6239-081e- aa6f37e563d0&psq=WIND+TURBINE&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZW5lcmd5Lmdvdi 9lZXJlL3dpbmQvaG93LXdpbmQtdHVyYmluZS13b3Jrcy10ZXh0LXZlcnNpb24&ntb =1