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  1. 1. 9/5/2013 Manthan topic :- Protecting the vulnerable: providing social welfare to informal sector workers Team Details: Vivek Sahu, Mohd.Irshan, Gautam Singh, Satyam Parashar, Siddharth Kumar College: BITS, Pilani
  2. 2.  Over 94% of india’s working population is part of the unorganised sector created 57% of the Indian Net Domestic Product in 2006, about 9 fold less per worker than the organized sector.  Although there is variation, the percentage of unorganized labor in Indian states can go as high as 90%  According to the NCEUS, only about 7% of the total workforce in India has any form of social security. PROBLEM STATEMENT
  3. 3. 9/5/2013 PROPOSED SOLUTION  Proper Publicity (preferably 6 months) prior to Registration  Registration through proper technology(Online)  Important questions to be included in the Registration form  Random Checking for true registration  Mild Punishment for those found guilty(Monetary Punishment)  Second step of Registration  Harsh Punishment to those found guilty(Monetary + Imprisonment)  After the final registration step we will have a list with a high percentage of people in it actually in informal sector.  A Complaint forum will be set up to regulate and filter the list.It will be headed in heirarchial order by District Body, State Body and Cental Body.  The body will take strict actions(harsher than before) against defaulters  The body will be set up at local level. The body can have members from police and local panchayati raj body.  The members will have a span of 6 months and members will be selected by rotation policy. Money will not be used for unnecessary elections.  The people in the list will be categorized in the following on the basis of their occupation  Agriculture  Domestic Workers  Construction Workers  Waste Pickers  Street Vendors  Shopkeepers  Others  The ‘Others’ section will be further classified, if needed by a Central Body formed for the purpose.  Issues of each sector will be dealt specifically  Already a lot of schemes have been introduced by the Govt. of India for each sector. The Central Body will classify these schemes and order the local bodies to aware people in the list.  The volunteers from various local NGO’s and NSS and similar student bodies will do the work.  Common Issues like educating people about their own sector, reducing temporary jobs, permanent contracts and regular payments would be taken care of, shifting to better paid work within occupation.
  4. 4. 9/5/2013 Implementation of the solution First solution : the main one! Proper registration that identifies the right people to be helped. The GENUINE NEEDY PEOPLE!!!! How??? First step: Publicity of such registration. For its full effect people should know about this. And those who have an eye for fake registration to avail benefits will also be warned through these ads. Also it will be clearly mentioned in every add who all are eligible to this registration. This eligibility will be on the criteria of income, basic amenitites and standard of living. If someone does not qualify it will be clearly adviced in the ads them NOT TO COME. Or else strict actions. audio visual assistance- most impactful way newspapers, magazines, posters, news, MEDIA, Bollywood. Second step: Registration(1) Questions?? which sector? Income details? Proofs? Employers and employee detail? What do u do?Thorough questions investigating their work? Problem u face in yr work? education? Family details? Official documents for identity? Wealth? Contact details?
  5. 5. 9/5/2013 After getting the answers…. Organising data collected. Division of sector. Specialised expert committee for each sector and problems related to that sector. Few other steps… Random checking of 5% families increase fear publicising, . So that no. of enteries in second step reduces. Investigating 5% is a pre thought event. This serves two way purpose, surfaces some fake entries and sending a message to others to opt out of the further steps of registration if they intended to gain benefits without belonging to needy group. If caught after second step, a severly harsh action will be taken. HENCE WE EXPECT A REDUCTION IN ENTRIES AFTER SECOND STEP. Registration(2) . THIS IS EXCLUSION STEP MAINLY. TO IDENTIFY THE REAL INFORMAL SECTOR. Fear, strictest actions and its publicity, checking of data will help us doing so. In this step they are just asked to report their registration details to ensure that they are not in the excluded ones. In between the two steps, we require a mixture of voluteers input and technology to check the relevant data (those concerning the eligibility of registrations). Hence some are also excluded out through this step. Finally what we have after second step are more or less the true and needy informal sector (we have tried our best, and also gurantee strict actions if someone found guilty) Registration(3) After this it is expected that we have the real needy and in the third step we can forward their cards and UIN through posts etc. and also publicise the general schemes as well as sector based schemes that we will be providing them with. Benefits will be told. Schemes will be explained mainly through audio visual media. And important schedules will be circulated. The general body as well as specific bodies will focus upon the solutions and audio visual ads will be made One we identify the right mob and they are made aware of their rights and benefits to be provided, implementation workload reduces.
  6. 6. 9/5/2013 Supplements… • A large no of volunteers will be needed. Also proper functioning of local govt. they the key players here. Once schemes are finalised they should be aware of this functioning and should take up the responsibilities of delivering them to the registered families in their locality. If needed a govt body further down should be made to ensure proper functioning and reduced workload. Online records will be maintained of the services provided and services delivered. The registered people will also be made skilled. And educated in their respective departments. Apart from this we can also try to make them educated enough in computers so that they can handle their accounts hence make the system easier. More n more people learn this easier it becomes for govt and people to avail the service which is our prime cocern. • Apart from this, a complaint body will also be set up to ensure the complaints against fake registrations. Key features: anonymity, strict response. • Other solutions specific to specific sectors.. • Agriculture…: • permanent contracts • regular days and hours of work • wage payments and higher wages • opportunities to shift to better-paid work within occupation Construction Workers: • more regular work • higher wages • skills training: masonry, carpentry, and other construction skills • safety regulations • accident insurance and workers’ compensation • ID cards • registers or other proof of days of work.
  7. 7. 9/5/2013 Homeworkers • regular, secure, and enforceable work orders • regular and timely payments • piece rates that are equivalent to minimum wages • occupational health and safety measures • capital to improve their workspace (often their home) and upgrade their equipment • basic infrastructural services – water, electricity, and sanitation – to improve their homes-as-workplaces Street Vendors • secure vending sites • access to capital on fair terms: a loan product tailored to their daily need for working capital • bargaining power with wholesale traders • infrastructure services at vending sites: shelter, water, sanitation • license to sell and identity cards • freedom from harassment, evictions, and bribes • positive public image Waste Pickers • legal recognition and positive public image as waste pickers (who contribute to the upkeep and cleanliness of the cities they work in) • ID cards to protect them • bargaining mechanisms to negotiate with a) those to whom they sell the waste they collect and b) municipal officials and police • organization and bargaining power • appropriate implements and protective gear (gloves and aprons) to help them avoid dangerous and toxic waste • waste pickers are to be properly employed to make their and our future better, they are not formalised which is making their work highly inefficient, a proper formalisation and recognition will surely help increase their efficiency. To make them a permanent employee, they will be provided with proper equipments, (as in the case of coolie) making them 4th class permanent employee, also they will be taught the importance of cleanliness (hence their job), and risks involved into this. Hence by teaching this we will make a move towards better efficiency.
  8. 8. 9/5/2013 Impact of the solution Criteria to measure the impact of the solution and its scalability : Aware ness amongst the public. About the registration and its implementation. Its benefits. The reduction in fake registrations also implies the successful implementation People feedback Sustainability of the solution It is successful OBVIOUSLY!! Why? Because not being able to identify was our major issue. And we have put forward a solution for that. It requires a deal of dedicated volunteers and technology. Though difficult but are still the two abundant resources. Appropriate monitoring mechanisms A body that looks after the complaint forum. And its proper functioning. Maintaining its strictness. There is a advising committee for each step that should crystal clear with the solution and hence be able guide others in case of any doubt. LOCAL GOVERNMENT. CENTRAL GOVERNTMENT are major players in this.
  9. 9. 9/5/2013 Challenges Finding the voluteers. Implementation of technology. Funding. Getting the people informed about this move, taking care of internal government issues, not being able to satisfy the needs of some sectors, Electricity, paper wastage, technology availability, readily available government schemes, and its right and efficient implementation. Means to mitigate the identified challenges Tightier integration with formal education, advertising campaigns to get volunteers, funding is not a very big problem since this is a economic and political solution. Only area is technology. And getting more and more sponsers will be a very good answer. Govt internal issues are to be handled with dedication and volunteering. Government should be ready with the schemes
  10. 10. 9/5/2013 Appendix World Bank Data Bank Census of India Weigo.org Unorganised sector law 2008, 2007 Wikipedia. Academia.edu Ndtv.com Brittanicaonline.com Ilo.org