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A Brief introduction of Ancient Chinese Architecture
Yanbin ZHUO 22th Jan
• Timeline
• Architects
• Basic Features
• Cases
Royal Palace of Tang Dynasty(ruined)
Shang-Yin
ca.1766—ca.1122BC
Chou
ca.1122—221BC
Qin
221—207BC
Han
206BC—220AD
Six Dynasties
Ca.220—581AD
Sui
581—618AD
Tang...
Shang-Yin
ca.1766—ca.1122BC
Chou
ca.1122—221BC
Qin
221—207BC
Han
206BC—220AD
Six Dynasties
Ca.220—581AD
Sui
581—618AD
Tang...
“建筑师” Architects
1 Li Jie, Song Dynasty, “Yingzao Fashi”( methods of construction)
2 Ch’ing Dynasty, “Gongcheng Zuofa Zeli”(regulations for...
“屋顶”(Wu’ding) “Roofs”: the Fifth Facade
Double eave-gable-hip roof)
重檐歇山顶
Main ridge
Double eaveSlope
Gable
重檐 (Double eave roof)
庑殿顶(hip roof)
歇山顶(gable and hip roof)
卷棚(round ridge roof)
硬山(flush gable roof)
悬山(overhanging gable...
庑殿顶(hip roof) 歇山顶(gable and hip roof)
攒尖(pyramidal roof) 圆攒尖(round pavilion roof)
祈年殿(Hall of Qinian)
“斗拱”(Dougong) “Bracket sets”
At corner, on top of columns, between columns
Bracket set
• Connect columns and
roof, load transfer
• Extend the eaves
• Decoration
• A structure resist the
force of ea...
Pavilion models inside a hall of Huayan Temple (1038A.D.)
Restore scriptures and Buddha statues
“木构架”(Mugoujia) “Timber frame”
Structure of
a pavilion
Structure of a hall
(timber frame perspective of Foguang Temple)
Tenon structures
Base
Column
Beam
Bracket --tenon
Cases
Meridian Gate
Gate of Supreme Harmony
Hall of Supreme Harmony
Hall of Supreme Harmony
“太和殿”(1695A.D.)
Turret of Forbidden City
“紫禁城角楼”(1420A.D.)
The Great Wall
“八达岭长城”(1505A.D.)
Yu Tomb, Ch’ing Dynasty
“裕陵”(1752A.D.)
Zhuanlunzang Pavilion, Longxing Temple , Hebei
“河北正定隆兴寺转轮藏阁”(ca 975A.D.)
Hall of Moni, Longxing Temple , Hebei
“河北正定隆兴寺摩尼殿” (ca 975A.D.)
Main Hall of Fuoguang Temple, Shanxi
“山西五台山佛光寺大殿”(857A.D.)
The Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogong Temple
山西佛宫寺释迦塔(1056A.D.)
Beijing Countyard
北京四合院
Yao Cave, Loess Plateau, North China
“下沉式窑洞”
Tradition residential building of An’hui
“皖南民居”
Fujian Tulou/ Rural dwelling of the Hakka in the
mountainous areas in southeastern Fujian
“福建土楼”
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PPt Ancient China Architecture by Zhuo Yanbin

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  • Very nice work! I am borrowing the slides (with credits to you) for my classroom project. Keep up the great work. Love to see more about Chinese culture.
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PPt Ancient China Architecture by Zhuo Yanbin

  1. 1. A Brief introduction of Ancient Chinese Architecture Yanbin ZHUO 22th Jan
  2. 2. • Timeline • Architects • Basic Features • Cases Royal Palace of Tang Dynasty(ruined)
  3. 3. Shang-Yin ca.1766—ca.1122BC Chou ca.1122—221BC Qin 221—207BC Han 206BC—220AD Six Dynasties Ca.220—581AD Sui 581—618AD Tang 618—907AD Song 960—1279AD Yuan 1279—1368AD Ming 1368—1644AD Ch’ing 1644—1912AD 1912—now Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 907—960AD • Time line
  4. 4. Shang-Yin ca.1766—ca.1122BC Chou ca.1122—221BC Qin 221—207BC Han 206BC—220AD Six Dynasties Ca.220—581AD Sui 581—618AD Tang 618—907AD Song 960—1279AD Yuan 1279—1368AD Ming 1368—1644AD Ch’ing 1644—1912AD 1912—now Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms 907—960AD • Time line
  5. 5. “建筑师” Architects
  6. 6. 1 Li Jie, Song Dynasty, “Yingzao Fashi”( methods of construction) 2 Ch’ing Dynasty, “Gongcheng Zuofa Zeli”(regulations for building practice) 1 2 1 Liang Sicheng(1901-1972) Main hall of Fouguang Temple
  7. 7. “屋顶”(Wu’ding) “Roofs”: the Fifth Facade
  8. 8. Double eave-gable-hip roof) 重檐歇山顶 Main ridge Double eaveSlope Gable
  9. 9. 重檐 (Double eave roof) 庑殿顶(hip roof) 歇山顶(gable and hip roof) 卷棚(round ridge roof) 硬山(flush gable roof) 悬山(overhanging gable roof)
  10. 10. 庑殿顶(hip roof) 歇山顶(gable and hip roof)
  11. 11. 攒尖(pyramidal roof) 圆攒尖(round pavilion roof) 祈年殿(Hall of Qinian)
  12. 12. “斗拱”(Dougong) “Bracket sets”
  13. 13. At corner, on top of columns, between columns
  14. 14. Bracket set • Connect columns and roof, load transfer • Extend the eaves • Decoration • A structure resist the force of earthquake Arch
  15. 15. Pavilion models inside a hall of Huayan Temple (1038A.D.) Restore scriptures and Buddha statues
  16. 16. “木构架”(Mugoujia) “Timber frame”
  17. 17. Structure of a pavilion
  18. 18. Structure of a hall (timber frame perspective of Foguang Temple)
  19. 19. Tenon structures Base Column Beam
  20. 20. Bracket --tenon
  21. 21. Cases
  22. 22. Meridian Gate Gate of Supreme Harmony Hall of Supreme Harmony
  23. 23. Hall of Supreme Harmony “太和殿”(1695A.D.)
  24. 24. Turret of Forbidden City “紫禁城角楼”(1420A.D.)
  25. 25. The Great Wall “八达岭长城”(1505A.D.)
  26. 26. Yu Tomb, Ch’ing Dynasty “裕陵”(1752A.D.)
  27. 27. Zhuanlunzang Pavilion, Longxing Temple , Hebei “河北正定隆兴寺转轮藏阁”(ca 975A.D.)
  28. 28. Hall of Moni, Longxing Temple , Hebei “河北正定隆兴寺摩尼殿” (ca 975A.D.)
  29. 29. Main Hall of Fuoguang Temple, Shanxi “山西五台山佛光寺大殿”(857A.D.)
  30. 30. The Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogong Temple 山西佛宫寺释迦塔(1056A.D.)
  31. 31. Beijing Countyard 北京四合院
  32. 32. Yao Cave, Loess Plateau, North China “下沉式窑洞”
  33. 33. Tradition residential building of An’hui “皖南民居”
  34. 34. Fujian Tulou/ Rural dwelling of the Hakka in the mountainous areas in southeastern Fujian “福建土楼”

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