Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

Religious Moderation

Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Chargement dans…3
×

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 43 Publicité
Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Plus par Ismail Fahmi (20)

Plus récents (20)

Publicité

Religious Moderation

  1. 1. RELIGIOUS MODERATION PUBLIC DISCOURSE IN SOCIAL MEDIA Ismail Fahmi, Ph.D. Director Media Kernels Indonesia (Drone Emprit) Lecturer at the University of Islam Indonesia Ismail.fahmi@gmail.com ICROM 2022 27 JULY 2022
  2. 2. 2 1992 – 1997 S1, Teknik Elektro, ITB 2003 – 2004 S2, Information Science, Universitas Groningen, Belanda 2004 – 2009 S3, Information Science, Universitas Groningen, Belanda 2000 – 2003 Inisiator IndonesiaDLN (Digital Library Network pertama di Indonesia) Mengembangkan Ganesha Digital Library (GDL) Mendirikan Knowledge Management Research Group (KMRG) ITB Membangun Digital Library ITB 2009 – Sekarang Engineer di Weborama, Perusahaan berbasis big data (Paris/Amsterdam) 2014 – Sekarang Founder PT. Media Kernels Indonesia, a Drone Emprit Company 2015 – Sekarang Konsultan Perpustakaan Nasional, Inisiator Indonesia OneSearch 2017 – Sekarang Dosen Tetap Magister Teknik Informatika Universitas Islam Indonesia 2021 – Sekarang Wakil Ketua Komisi Infokom MUI Pusat Ismail Fahmi, Ph.D. Ismail.fahmi@gmail.com Lahir: Bojonegoro, 1974 Founder Media Kernels Indonesia
  3. 3. SOCIAL MEDIA AND RADICALISM
  4. 4. RADICALISM NARRATIVES IN SOCIAL MEDIA 4
  5. 5. EXAMPLE OF A RADICALISM CALL IN TWITTER 5
  6. 6. SOCIAL MEDIA USER IN INDONESIA (2021) 6
  7. 7. 7 MILLENIAL GEN Z
  8. 8. RELIGIOUS DISCOURSE IN SOCIAL MEDIA This narrative category is taken from Faisal Nurdin Idris (2015), enriched from Sara Zeigar (2016), keywords developed from both sources. 8 No Discourse Keywords 1 Hatred of Jews and Christians Yahudi, Kristen, Nasrani, kafir, takfiri, murtad, non- muslim, kristenisasi, zionisme, misionaris, rezim tirani 2 Rejection of Ahmadiyah and heretical sects Ahmadiyah, aliran sesat (masukkan nama-nama aliran sesat) 3 Attitude towards Islamic differentiation Islam Liberal, Syiah, Islam Nusantara 4 Islam vs democracy demokrasi, khilafah 5 The application of Islamic sharia and the establishment of an Islamic state syariah Islam, negara Islam, khilafah, hijrah 6 Extremism sweeping 7 Terorisme syahid, jihad, mujahidin
  9. 9. CASE STUDY #1: KHILAFAH (14 JUNI – 14 JULI 2020)
  10. 10. TREND “KHILAFAH” (14 JUNI - 14 JULI 2020) 10
  11. 11. SNA “KHILAFAH” 11 PRO KHILAFAH PRO OPOSISI PRO PEMERINTAH
  12. 12. TOP INFLUENCERS “KHILAFAH” 12 PRO PEMERINTAH PRO PEMERINTAH PRO PEMERINTAH PRO OPOSISI PRO OPOSISI
  13. 13. HASHTAGS “KHILAFAH” 13 PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA
  14. 14. HASHTAGS “KHILAFAH” 14 PRO KONTRA PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA PRO KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA KONTRA PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO PRO
  15. 15. SNA WITH HASHTAGS 15 PRO KHILAFAH PRO OPOSISI PRO PEMERINTAH KHILAFAH INTERNASIONAL
  16. 16. MOST SHARED SITES “KHILAFAH” 16
  17. 17. MEDIAUMAT.NEWS 17
  18. 18. MUSLIMAHNEWS.COM 18
  19. 19. RANKING SITUS KEISLAMAN (2018) 19 FEB 2018 MODERAT KONSERVATIF
  20. 20. RANKING SITUS (JULI 2020): MODERAT NAIK 20 https://ibtimes.id/100-situs-islam-indonesia-nu-online-peringkat-pertama MODERAT KONSERVATIF
  21. 21. CASE STUDY #2: RELIGIOUS MODERATION (NOV 2021 – JUL 2022)
  22. 22. TREND AND TOPICS: RELIGIOUS MODERATION 22 Keywords: wasathiyah, moderasi, moderat Filters: agama, islam, beragama MUI Muhammadiyah HTI Buzzer HTI PRO GOV
  23. 23. TOP HASHTAGS 23
  24. 24. 24 SNA “RELIGIOUS MODERATION” KONTRA PRO ERIC BUZZER MUHAMMADIYAH KEMENAG PRO GOV BUZZER EX HTI
  25. 25. 25 SNA “RELIGIOUS MODERATION” PRO PRO GOV BUZZER KONTRA ERIC BUZZER MUI WORKSHOP MUHAMMADIYAH KEMENAG EX HTI
  26. 26. TOP INFLUENCER “RELIGIOUS MODERATION” 26
  27. 27. TOP INFLUENCER “RELIGIOUS MODERATION” 27
  28. 28. MOST SHARED IMAGES 28
  29. 29. KONTRA “MODERATION” 29
  30. 30. PRO “MODERATION” 30
  31. 31. MOST SHARED VIDEOS 31
  32. 32. MOST SHARED SITES 32
  33. 33. CONCLUSION
  34. 34. SUMMARY /1 • The rejection of religious moderation is almost always a package with the rejection of democracy and the promotion of the caliphate. • Strong pro-caliphate groups (1) attack and question the definitions, foundations, values, and basic concepts of moderate religious/Islamic moderation (wasathiyah); (2) associate religious moderation with secularism and deviations in Islam; and (3) invite to return to Islam that is kaffah and pure. • The rejection of religious moderation was also conveyed by raising the argument that religious moderation encourages the rise of deviations in Islam, from LGBT to tolerance. • The rejection of religious moderation was also carried out by conducting campaigns on social media, including the #WaspadaModerasiBeragama #ModerasiNotSolusi, #KhilafahMenjagaGenerasi. • The @muslimahnewscom account is the one most frequently attacked and questioned about moderate Islam. 3 4
  35. 35. SUMMARY /2 • The arrest of the MUI board by Densus 88, followed by calls for the dissolution of the MUI, prompted further discussion on the definition of moderate Islam. This is because MUI is considered a safe place for supporters of radicalism. • The discussion about religious moderation raised by the Government is strong in the amplification of the activities of government officials, such as the meeting of the Minister of Religion Yaqut with the Minister of Islamic Affairs, Da'wah, also Saudi Arabian Counseling Sheikh Abdullatif bin Abdulaziz, as well as the activities of the Banten Ministry of Religion Regional Office. • Discussions on religious moderation that were raised by the public were mainly in the form of (1) criticizing the supporters of the caliphate; (2) often drawn to the area of political support; and (3) appreciation for the activities of the Government, including ministries. • Some influencers who talk about religious moderation in a positive tone are @Ayang_Utriza, @YaqutCQoumas, @muhammadiyah. • As for the influencers who are strong in pulling moderation conversations into political conversations of support or identity politics, including @Dennysiregar7, @Uki23, @GunRomli. 3 5
  36. 36. OPINIONS /1 • Fadli Zon conveyed that radicalism is not a threat, because basically Muslims must be moderate. Our problem is the economy. • Hidayat Nurwahid said the pressure from certain groups of people who asked the government to dissolve the MUI was a terror against moderate Islam in Indonesia. • Ustadz Ismail Yusanto emphasized that religiously we are not commanded to be radical Muslims, just as we are not commanded to be moderate Muslims. What is certain is that we are commanded to be Muslims who fear Allah with true piety. • Democratic politician Panca (@panca66) the Islamic majority value is moderate. Radical Islam is few. But if the little ones continue to be exaggerated and Islam continues to be cornered, don't blame what was moderate can become a true radical. • The Minister of Religion hopes that Saudi Arabia can explain Wasathiyah Islam and tolerance between religious communities at the G20 moment. 3 6
  37. 37. OPINIONS /2 • Governor Ganjar Pranowo asked religious teachers to continue to foster solidarity in various circles of society in order to strengthen the unity and integrity of the nation. Religious teachers, religious educators, are very important to do religious moderation. • Tuan Guru Bajang said that Erick Thohir's policy in the field of Islamic economics reflected wasathiyah Islam because it encouraged balance. • The Head of Regional Office of the Banten Ministry of Religion, Nanang Fatchurohman, appealed to ASN to continue to sow the beauty of diversity and to continue to spread the seeds of religious moderation in Banten. • Ayang Utriza believes that Indonesian Muslims are moderate people, often referred to as moderate-nationalist-humanist-tepasalira Indonesian Islam & the people of the Republic of Indonesia. • Education and generational observer Yusriana explained that overcoming the damage to student association due to liberalization was by planting a strong Islamic faith, not religious moderation. 3 7
  38. 38. OPINIONS /3 • Muslim activist Wiwing Noeraini conveyed that the use of the terms radical verses, moderate verses, then efforts to moderate verses considered radical, clearly liberalizes Islamic teachings. The goal is that Muslims no longer want to apply Islamic law as a whole. • The account @faizalassegaf conveys that the concept of 'religious moderation' was first introduced by the Sodomites, which led to free sex & was destroyed by God. • The @identity_muslim account conveys that human rights and democracy foster the growth of LGBT. Muslims must fight LGBT, reject secularism- HAM, reject democracy, reject moderate Islam. 3 8
  39. 39. OPINIONS /4 • The @muslimahnewscom account uploaded various objections to religious moderation by bringing up several articles, such as: • Religious moderation is the fruit of liberalism and secularism, to cover up the colonialism of capitalism. The solution is to change the regime, change the system to a sharia system. • Too much tolerance is the 'mainstay weapon' of religious moderation to spread their thoughts, with the aim that their ideas are easily accepted by Muslims, because they seem to be in accordance with Islam. • Religious moderation calls on people to do brotherhood that is not prescribed in Islam, namely brothers and sisters with non-Muslims. • Moderation wants to direct the ummah to accept pluralism and carry out tolerance which is contrary to Islam. • Moderation of Islam is a form of deviation from the understanding of Islam and is part of the agenda to hinder the rise of Islam. 3 9
  40. 40. OPINIONS /5 • The account @GunRomli values the arrest of MUI officials by Densus 88 for terrorism cases, showing that MUI has failed to spread religious moderation within MUI. • Anies Baswedan's @Uki23 account is attracting moderate and secular voters in preparation for the 2024 presidential election, having previously benefited from the politicization of religion in the DKI Pilkada. 4 0
  41. 41. RECOMMENDATION
  42. 42. CLOSING AND RECOMMENDATION • The spread of ideas that tend to be conservative and sometimes provocative through online media seems very massive and dominates the list of the most accessed Islamic sites in Indonesia. Information from this site is then disseminated to social media. • Moderate sites began to occupy the top position in the list of popular Islamic sites, but the number was not much, which was more followed by conservative sites. • Seeing the massive distribution of content containing the above radical ideas, it is impossible to deal with this understanding by means of violence. However, by building critical thinking skills among the younger generation and the public, as well as increasing moderate content as a counterweight. 42
  43. 43. THANK YOU Ismail Fahmi, PhD.

×