2. Basketball Origins
The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield,
Massachusetts by Canadian physical education instructor James Naismith as a
less injury-prone sport than football. Naismith was a 31-year old graduate student
when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters.
The game became established fairly quickly and grew very popular
3. Basketball Origins
as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then in other parts of the
world. After basketball became established in American colleges, the professional
game followed. The American National Basketball Association (NBA), established
in 1946, grew to a multibillion-dollar enterprise by the end of the century, and
basketball became an integral part of American culture.
4. NBA History
The NBA has helped popularize basketball in
other parts of the world. A large part of this is
due to the transcendent stars that have played
the game through the years. It was because of
the play of Michael Jordan that basketball
started to reach international audiences,
especially on the 1992 United States men's
Olympic basketball team, known as the Dream
5. First Basketball Games
The first public game of basketball was played in a YMCA gymnasium and
was recorded by the Springfield Republican on March 12th, 1892. The
instructors played against the students. Around 200 spectators attended to
discover this new sport they had never heard of or seen before. In the story
published by the Republican, the teachers were credited with “agility” but
the student’s “science” is what led them to defeat the teachers 5-1.
7. Objective of the game
The object of basketball is to throw the ball (basketball) into a hoop
to score points. The game is played out on a rectangular court and
depending on which section of court you successfully throw a ball
into the basket will depend on how many points are scored. The ball
can be moved around the by dribbling or passing the ball. At the end
of the game the team with the most points is declared the winner.
8. Players and Equipment
Each team is made up of 12 players with only
5 allowed on the court at any time. The
positions are broken up into Point Guard,
Defensive Guard, Center, Offensive forward
and Defensive Forward. Each player will then
take up a position on the court but are
allowed to move around as they please.
The court is a rectangular shaped and
measures 91 feet long and 50 feet wide.
There is a halfway line in which a small circle
is found in the centre; this is where the game
starts with a tip off (the ball is thrown in the air
by the referee and a player from each team
tries to win possession for their team). At
each end of the court are two baskets both 10
feet in height.
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10. Rules of Basketball
• Each team can have a maximum of 5 players on the court at any one time.
Substitutions can be made as many times as they wish within the game.
• The ball can only be moved by either dribbling (bouncing the ball) or passing the
ball. Once a player puts two hands on the ball (not including catching the ball) they
cannot then dribble or move with the ball and the ball must be passed or shot.
• After the ball goes into a team’s half and they win possession back the ball must
then make it back over the half way line within 10 seconds. If the ball fails to do so
then a foul will be called and the ball will be turned over.
11. Rules of Basketball
• Each team has 24 seconds to at least shot at the basket. A shot constitutes either
going in the basket or hitting the rim of the basket. If after the shot is taken and the
ball fails to go in the basket then the shot clock is restarted for another 24 seconds.
• The team trying to score a basket is called the offence whilst the team trying to
prevent them from scoring is called the defence. The defence must do all they can
to stop the offence from scoring by either blocking a shot or preventing a shot from
• After each successful basket the ball is then turned over to the opposition.
• Fouls committed throughout the game will be accumulated and then when reached
a certain number will be eventually be awarded as a free throw.