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9) Meaning values and representation pt. 3.pptx

  1. Meaning, Representation & Values pt. 3 Year 12 Media Production & Analysis ATAR Selection, Emphasis & Omission to construct Point of View. Comparing representations in media work.
  2. “The point is not to understand the world, but to change it” - Karl Marx
  3. Inquiry Question: In Blood Diamond, does Danny save Solomon?
  4. The Purpose of Representations No matter how credible a representation seems, it is not just a window onto the world; all representations are constructed with a particular purpose in mind.The producer creates a product to real and reflect certain key pieces of information that they want the audience to understand. In every representations, the background and intention of the author can influence the reading of the media product. However, the audience will bring their own background, understanding and knowledge of the product being read, which can, in turn, create new understanding. What is important to be aware of is the attempt by the producer to ‘position’ you to think and feel a particular way.
  5. Selection &Omission  As representations are constructed from reality, it is impossible to include everything that reality has to offer. What is left out is referred to as omission and what is left in is the selection. For instance, if you were representing a school in one shot, it would be impossible to include the whole school in that image. Choices need to be made and information to be included needs to be selected.There are certain things that could assist in immediately identifying it as a school.The information included would depend on how the author wanted to portray the school.  Similarly, decisions need to be made about what the author is going to leave out of the representation. As not all information can be included int the one representation, less important information is often left out to ensure that the representation is more easily understood. A producer must be careful not to include details, imagery and information that may add confusion to the representation, rather than assist in it’s construction.
  6. Blood Diamond How can we describe these characters?  Basic Life Statistics  Outward appearance  Mannerisms  Relationships  Psychological profile  Importance in the story Selection, emphasis and omission are a useful way of considering how the representation of characters has been constructed. For the film Blood Diamond we can compare the representation of Danny and Solomon. Further more we can consider them representatives of their race, gender, socio-economic groups. Character Profiles
  7. Binary Oppositions We can develop narrative analysis further through the application of binary opposites. The concept of opposition or duality is fundamental in the organisation of language, as it is in Western philosophical thinking as a whole. Such binaries are a feature of culture not nature; they are products of signifying systems and function to structure our perceptions of the natural and social world into order and meaning. Black/White
  8. Binary Opposition & Society This system of duality has been challenged by those who argue that it creates separation and does not adequately represent reality. Binary oppositions are often hierarchal: one term is often privileged over the other and the devalued or negative term tends to be defined in relation to the dominant category. The binary system and way of categorising the world also simply condones adversarial or oppositional ways of thinking in which there are rigid, mutually exclusive positions and winners and losers of debates, instead of negotiated compromises and flexible positions that entail mutual incorporation of different perspectives.
  9. How binary oppositions function in narratives Narratives are organised around conflict and opposition, which are fundamental to narrative interest.There has to be some kind of struggle, some disruption, that sets up conflict.The conflict is most obviously between individual characters, but this will also indicate conflict between different value systems.The overall structure of all narratives can be seen as involving the resolution of conflict between two opposing forces. Dialectical Synthesis refers to a discussion or argument between two competing forces or opposite sides, the resolve within this comes from the two sides coming together in a form of synthesis. General Oppositions in theWestern: Oppositions can be observed between particular characters, between different human characteristics, between different settings or even colours, and so on.Then these cohere to provide a central opposition between two different value systems. Analysis f this opposition leads us to a greater understanding of what a text is concerned with.