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a Motivational Tool
Important for successful transition
into adult life.
Characteristics of self-determined
Relationship between culture and
Self-determination as a motivator.
Teaching strategies to improve self-
Four specific criteria:
Actions are taken independently.
The behavior is self-monitored.
Events are begun and responded to in a
way that is psychologically enabling.
Self-fulfillment is a key component of the
Why Self-Determination Is Important
Individuals who develop better self-
determination skills during school achieve
better post-school outcomes.
A discussion about motivation and what
causes us to do what we do becomes
Learning begins with motivation.
Three basic psychological needs which
motivate all human activity:
Reinforcement stimulates individuals to
pursue activities that provide a reward.
The reward depends on the individual
performing a particular behavior.
Intrinsic Motivators in the
Continuous information and functioning.
A Sense of autonomy.
Diversity as a Factor in
Different cultural backgrounds =
different ideas about self-
In every ethnic group, students feel
that their parents are supportive of
their decisions, goals, and self-
The home environment is the best
place to develop independence.
Researchers and lawmakers alike
emphasize the importance of addressing
the needs of students from varying
The transition phase of education can
vary from one ethnic group to another.
We must consider the views of the diverse
communities that special education
Teaching Strategies to
Finding new methods to
motivate students and reinforce
positive behavioral responses.
Making effective motivators
Problem-solving is important for
Student involvement in the IEP
Characteristics of self-determination.
Impact of student and parental cultural
points of view.
Self-determination is a basic
Specific instructional strategies work
toward developing self-motivation.
Students must in their own way find