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Selv Demo - A Digital Health Passport

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Selv Demo by the IOTA Foundation and Dentons

Publié dans : Logiciels
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Selv Demo - A Digital Health Passport

  1. 1. Selv A Digital Health Passport 22 MAY 2020 Global Legal Hackathon Click here to try the Selv demo
  2. 2. Table of contents 01 - Selv – an overview 02 - Use cases 03 - The time has come for digital health passports 04 - How the Selv app works 05 - Key differentiators: free, accessible, secure, GDPR-compliant, interoperable 06 - Our roadmap 07 - The team 08 - Join us
  3. 3. PART 01 Selv – an overview
  4. 4. Why Selv? Through the technical expertise of the IOTA Foundation and the legal expertise of Dentons, the world’s largest law firm, we have created Selv – a health passport app to help alleviate the COVID-19 crisis. Selv in three steps Individuals are tested for COVID-19 by Health Authorities Results are downloaded to the Selv app. Verification details are recorded on a Distributed Ledger Individual health status is verified by scanning a QR Code Scalable & Interoperable Selv follows the W3C specifications on identity. The solution can be easily integrated into countries’ existing COVID-19 toolkits. GDPR-Compliant Selv is a decentralized system for managing health data internationally. The app and its use of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) are GDPR compliant. Free & Accessible Selv is free and open to everyone. There are no fees to use the solution. The app will be open source. Private & Secure All personal data is encrypted and stored on the user’s device. The solution will be fully audited by external security consultants. Simple & Hygienic A paper-based system would create another potential infection vector – our system provides a contactless method for collecting and displaying health credentials. 1. 2. 3.
  5. 5. PART 02 Use Cases
  6. 6. Governments need to restore movement of people and goods Lockdowns have slowed the spread of COVID-19 but have had massive economic impacts. Key workers must continue to provide essential services, posing a risk to themselves and others. Cross-border trade and movement have ground to a halt. A solution is needed for governments to verify individuals’ health status on a mass scale. Selv will help governments restart their economies. Selv is GDPR compliant. All health data is stored locally by the user, and verified via a Distributed Ledger. This means that no single central party holds the health data, thereby enhancing privacy. Selv applies the W3C specification for identity. The solution can be integrated into the existing COVID-19 toolkit (e.g. contact-tracing apps) and is compatible with other apps internationally. Selv enables near-instant health status verification via a QR code scan. It allows entry points like borders to handle a high throughput of people. The solution incurs no fees to users or businesses.
  7. 7. Businesses need to protect the health of their employees Businesses are facing the worst economic crisis in a century. Many need to get up and running soon to avoid insolvency. However, many jobs require close proximity with co-workers, customers or patients. Businesses must ensure that they return to a safe working environment. Selv will help workplaces reopen safely. 1 2 3 Businesses can guarantee employee safety without storing sensitive health data. Selv is a free, digital solution suitable for the modern workplace. Using digital credentials is safer and faster than paper credentials.
  8. 8. Watch our video to see how this works in practice. In our video, you will meet Alex and Tom. Alex is a key worker in a care home. She is concerned about her patients, her family, and her own health. Tom is a care home manager. He is worried about the spread of the virus in his care home. Individuals want to return to normal life Selv helps Alex to return to work safely and Tom to return his care home to full operation.
  9. 9. PART 03 The time has come for digital health passports
  10. 10. The time for digital health passports has come... 1637 Quarantine A health passport issued in Avignon and recovered in Venice. Holders were exempt from the 40-day quarantine. 1914 WWI France adds fingerprints, and later photographs, to passports for better identification. Globalisation Over 120 countries use biometric passports. Biometric information is stored in embedded chips. 2019 COVID-19 In response to the global health crisis, a new digital health passport emerges for health data. 2020 What’s next? Digital health passports have value beyond the current pandemic and accelerate the digital identity movement. 202X
  11. 11. … powered by Throughout the course of history, humanity has always used the latest technology at its disposal when confronted with global health challenges. As technology has progressed, new tools have been used for proving identity: printing presses, signatures, wax seals, fingerprints, photographs, ID numbers, micropatterns, holograms, biometrics – and now Distributed Ledger Technology. IOTA is the next stage in the technological evolution, guaranteeing the authenticity of digital health data.
  12. 12. PART 04 How the Selv app works
  13. 13. ● The Selv demo is comprised of a mobile app (Android and iOS) and a website. ● Individuals can store their health credentials and share their status safely with authorities, employers or peers. ● The demo narrative guides the user through downloading their health credential and sharing it with their employer and a border agency. ● Selv uses the IOTA Tangle to enable ownership of data and proof of authenticity. The Selv demo Try the Selv demo
  14. 14. Typical Selv user journey The user is tested or vaccinated at a facility set up by the Government and run by a health authority (a credential issuer). The issuer completes the test and creates a test credential. A web portal allows the user to collect their test credential remotely when ready. The user opens their Selv app and scans a QR code to log into the web portal with their digital identity. They download the health credential to their Selv app. Their health status is now stored locally on their device, with an optional backup. The user owns the data and is the only person who can claim ownership. A verifier, such as an employer or border agency, scans the user’s QR code. The verifier sees only whether the user qualifies for the activity (e.g. to return to work or to travel). The user travels to an airport or to work. Society rediscovers some of the freedoms curtailed by COVID-19.
  15. 15. Selv implements the W3C specification for identity The identity system underpinning the Selv app builds on the standards proposed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). A new digital identity can be freely created by any individual or organisation. ✔️ which authority issued the credential; ✔️ that the credential is being presented by the person it was issued to; ✔️ that the credential has not been revoked. ✔️ that the credential is genuine; Shareable credentials link identity and test results. Anyone verifying a credential can reliably confirm:
  16. 16. Selv uses a combination of public-key cryptography and distributed ledger technology (DLT) to create a feeless framework for generating and validating digital credentials. Selv uses Distributed Ledger Technology The Tangle provides the decentralised, cryptographically-secure trust protocol between authorities, organisations and individuals. Credentials are digitally signed by trustworthy authorities such as doctors, healthcare providers or COVID-19 testing authorities. The public keys needed to verify the testing authority are published to a distributed ledger – in this case, the IOTA Tangle.
  17. 17. The IOTA Tangle IOTA has engineered a decentralized, open-source protocol for feeless data and value exchange Highly Scalable Feeless Transactions Immutable Data Low Energy Requirement s Watch the network activity live https://graph.comnet.manapotion.io/ Over $175 billion transacted 280+ academic references
  18. 18. ● All activity requires holding cryptocurrency token and incurs transaction fees. ● Fees can change and spiral due to network demand. ● Mining is a waste of resources. ● Inherently unscalable. Blocks are limited in size and frequency. ● Unsuitable for digital identities - a single point of failure and a target for attacks. ● Requires close government cooperation to develop an international solution. ● Governments or corporations control user data in central databases. BlockchainCentralized How is the Tangle different to other architectures? ● Free to use. ● Applications like Selv can be developed without token usage or fees. ● No miners. The Tangle has low energy requirements. ● No blocks. The Tangle is inherently scalable. Tangle
  19. 19. PART 05 Key differentiators
  20. 20. ✖️ Paper documents can be misplaced, damaged, lost, forged and copied ✖️ Paper credentials must be inspected at close proximity ✖️ Paper documents can themselves be a vector for disease Selv is healthier, more convenient and safer than paper certificates ✔️ digital certificates can be shared at a safe distance ✔️ digital certificates are immutable and verifiable ✔️ digital certificates can be backed up for longevity Selv can help:
  21. 21. Communication between users, issuers and verifiers is private and encrypted. Personal data and private keys are encrypted and securely stored on personal devices. Open-source software enables the security community to get insight into the technology and resolve emerging security threats. Selv is secure ✔️ ECDSA Based Asymmetric Cryptography is used for encryption and message signatures. AES is used for encrypted communication. ✔️ PII & Private Keys are stored in secure keychains on user devices. No health data is ever put on the Tangle. ✔️ Third-Party Security Audits will be undertaken for all critical infrastructure on a regular basis.
  22. 22. Selv is GDPR-compliant ✖️ Who takes care of data on a ledger, i.e. who is the controller for GDPR purposes? ✔️ The app provider acts as the controller because it arranges for the anchoring of identities on the ledger and is in a position to take the necessary design measures to ensure privacy compliance. However, you retain control over your personal data. ✖️ Is any health data or other personal data stored on the ledger? ✔️ No, your health certificates remain on your phone. Absolutely no health data or other personal data is uploaded to the ledger. All that goes on the ledger is an encrypted identifier and public key. This data is fully anonymized and unusable for anyone who does not possess the decryption key. For purposes of GDPR, it no longer qualifies as Personal Data (subjective definition). ✖️ Is all data on the ledger adequately protected? ✔️ Yes, users provide a one-off decryption key to a verifier. However as soon as the recipient completes this action, the decryption key is eliminated, rendering the Personal Data stored on the ledger anonymous again. This drastically minimizes any risks of data leaks protecting both the data subject from harm and the app provider from unwanted liability. Even if obtained, the key would indicate only the fact of the communication and not the information exchanged. Such an ephemeral key is not a valuable target for hacking. ✖️ How can I enforce my right to be forgotten if the data on the ledger is immutable? ✔️ After the health data has been verified, the decryption key is eliminated, rendering the data stored on the ledger anonymous again and inaccessible, i.e. effectively “forgotten”. Since the data is inaccessible, users do not need to exercise their right to be forgotten. Option 1 - User anchors identity in the ledger. No personal data on the ledger, so GDPR compliant. Option 2 - But it is also possible to use “disposable” identities instead. No user data is stored on ledger at all. Only the issuer’s public key and identifier. GDPR does not apply.
  23. 23. ● The IOTA Tangle used by Selv is open-source and it will always be free to exchange data. ● The Tangle is a permissionless network, allowing any government or organisational body in the world to connect. ● By implementing the W3C DID specification, Selv is interoperable both across borders and with other health passports. ● Unlike blockchains, the Tangle is scalable and its transaction speed industry-leading. Selv is free, accessible and scalable
  24. 24. Selv is better for citizens ● Selv avoids creating any government- controlled database. ● Citizens retain control over their data. ● The system is easy to dismantle when the need for sharing COVID-19 health data passes. Selv leaves health data in the hands of citizens ● Will individuals self-infect with COVID-19 in order to benefit from additional freedom conferred by a health passport? ● It may not be possible to curtail all risky behavior by individuals. ● Governments should use education and deterrence campaigns to mitigate this potential risk. Use education to mitigate the risk of self-infection
  25. 25. Selv can be deployed ethically Health passports do not discriminate Health passports do not create haves and have-nots ● Health passports differentiate among individuals by design. ● Differentiation can become wrongful when it is is unjustified and imposes undeserved hardship. ● This is not the case with health passports. In crisis circumstances, substantial differences exist. ● It may cause greater harm not to differentiate between healthy and potentially infectious people. ● We cannot compare the current reality of strict public health restrictions to a baseline of normalcy. ● These restrictions can create burdens and exacerbate existing inequalities. ● Health passports are transitional in nature and may ameliorate conditions for underprivileged communities that are particularly hard hit. For more information, see: Gruener D., “Immunity Certificates: If We Must Have Them, We Must Do It Right”, Hall MA, Studdert DM, “Privileges and Immunity Certification During the COVID-19 Pandemic”, Persad G, Emanuel EJ, “The Ethics of COVID-19 Immunity-Based Licenses (‘Immunity Passports’)”
  26. 26. PART 06 Our roadmap
  27. 27. Q2 – Q3 2020Q2 20202019 – Q1 2020 Selv story to date ● Selv was initially developed by IOTA to be a more generic health passport and digital identity wallet, catering to a wide array of use cases. ● Components of the application have been in development since 2019. ● The IOTA Foundation has been working in the interim on production-ready versions of the underlying protocols and libraries. Financing stageGlobal Legal Hackathon Prototyping stage ● The Global Legal Hackathon brought IOTA together with Dentons, who have provided legal and business advice on various aspects of the technology. ● Together, during the hackathon, the team have progressed the app development, prepared a GDPR compliance analysis, promotional materials, FAQs and an adoption plan. ● The IOTA Foundation are in discussions to obtain a grant (circa €500k) to continue development and support of Selv. ● The funding is necessary as the solution will be free at the point of use as a quasi public good. ● Further work to be done on the Selv suite includes app improvements, an issuer app, and issuer backend integration.
  28. 28. 2021Q3 – Q4 2020TODAY Rollout strategy ● Government: secure funding with key test nation. ● Issuer: engage test authority; integrate with existing systems; ensure authenticity of health certification. ● Data privacy authority: engage with and gain endorsement of leading authority. ● Verifiers: identify and engage with potential beta testers. ExpansionRaise awareness & engage with key stakeholders ● Governments: conduct pilot test; develop cross-border cases. ● Health authorities: conduct pilot test; harmonize public / private certification standards. ● Data privacy authorities: gain wider endorsements ● Verifiers: conduct pilot test. ● Documentation: develop integration and operational manuals for issuers and verifiers. ● Governments: secure multilateral agreements for cross-border cooperation. ● Issuers: recruit and engage with test authorities. ● Data privacy authorities: engage with and gain endorsement of leading authority. ● Verifiers: streamline integration with existing IT systems. ● Service providers: support consultancy and service providers. Rollout & pilot test
  29. 29. THE FUTURESOONTODAY Selv is just the first step towards digital identity ● Key workers return to work. ● Lorry drivers cross borders and vacationers travel by sharing COVID-19 health data. ● An ecosystem of related services begins to develop. ● Citizens expand their digital identities to include personal, academic, and financial information. ● More verifiers rely on digital birth certificates, academic credentials, work permits. ● Broad offering of ancillary services. ● Identity credentials are entirely paperless. Records are reliable, and access is strictly controlled by citizens. ● Stateless and displaced persons create and control their identities. ● Self-sovereign identities connect people and the identity of things. Fully digital IDAdding identifiersFirst steps
  30. 30. PART 07 Our team
  31. 31. ● The IOTA Foundation is a not-for-profit organization established in 2017. It is one of the world’s leading organisations for distributed ledger research and development. ● Actively collaborating with multinational corporations, academics and governments, the IOTA Foundation is developing open-source software that seeks to provide trust in a digital world. ● The IOTA Foundation is proud to attract best-in-class experts across distributed systems, cryptography, software engineering, identity, security and industry domains. The IOTA Foundation 110+ Colleagues 25+ Nationalities 1 Shared vision
  32. 32. ● We are in and of the community and seek to improve the daily lives of people as they respond to the COVID-19 crisis. As the world’s largest law firm, we are present in more countries affected by the pandemic than any other law firm. ● As a polycentric organization with no single headquarters and no dominant national culture, we value technologies that are accessible and interoperable. ● Our highly-regarded data privacy team can help enable new technologies like health passports and digital identity. ● We are innovative, not only in transforming the business of law, but in helping our clients bring innovative technologies to market. Dentons 10,000+ Lawyers 183 Offices 150+ Data privacy lawyers
  33. 33. PART 08 SHARE OUR VISION Help build an ecosystem around digital health passports and digital identity
  34. 34. ● There are a number of different groups investigating COVID-19 health passports and immunity credentials, including the Covid Credentials Initiative (CCI), the Open University Group, the Ubirch group and the Harvard Safra Center for Ethics. ● We are keen to pool our resources and collaborate with others on Health Passports and Self Sovereign Identity. ● If you represent an organization or governmental body and want to learn more, please do not hesitate to contact us. ● Our goal is to bring together a diverse group of partners to contribute the missing pieces to this challenging puzzle. Collaborate with us
  35. 35. Thank you! Please contact us if you have any questions selv@iota.org Try the Selv demo

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