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The easy way…
www.JoenasrApp.com
The very first Step...
Naming The Notes
Notes are named after the seven letters in the alphabets:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G.
Between each note, we have a sharp(#)/flat(...
- Subsequently, the “Si” was added to the hexachord “ Do, Ré, Mi, Fa, Sol, La ”
to form what we call: “Octave”… (Oct=eight...
A

B

C

D

E

F

G

La

Si

Do

Ré

Mi

Fa

Sol
Notes & Steps
TONES

INTERVALS

INDICATION

0

Unison

1

½

minor Second

b2

1

Major Second

2

1½

minor Third

b3

2

Major Third

...
(answers are on the next pages)
Chords – The Prefect Triads
C Major

C minor

C diminished

C Augmented

D Major

D minor

D diminished

D Augmented

E Major

E minor

E diminished

...
C Major

C

E

G

D Major

D

F#

A

E Major

E

G#

B

F Major

F

A

C

G Major

G

B

D

A Major

A

C#

E

B Major

B
...
C dim.

C

Eb

Gb

D dim.

D

F

Ab

E dim.

E

G

Bb

F dim.

F

Ab

Cb

G dim.

G

Bb

Db

A dim.

A

C

Eb

B dim.

B

...
example:

Am – G – C – F
C sus4

C sus2

D sus4

D sus2

E sus4

E sus2

F sus4

F sus2

G sus4

G sus2

A sus4

A sus2

B sus4

B sus2

?
(answers...
C sus4

C

F

G

C sus2

C

D

G

D sus4

D

G

A

D sus2

D

E

A

E sus4

E

A

B

E sus2

E

F#

B

F sus4

F

Bb

C

F...
example:

Asus2 – Am – Gsus – G
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® © All rights reserved
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
Music Knowledge Level 1
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Music Knowledge Level 1

Music Education
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Music Knowledge Level 1

  1. 1. The easy way… www.JoenasrApp.com
  2. 2. The very first Step...
  3. 3. Naming The Notes
  4. 4. Notes are named after the seven letters in the alphabets: A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Between each note, we have a sharp(#)/flat(b) note, except B – C, and E – F. Thus, in the occidental music, we have twelve notes: A – Bb – B – C – C# – D – D# – E – F – F# – G – G#. The “ Do, Ré, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si ” nomenclature was actually extracted by Guido of Arezzo (995 – 1050), from the first paragraph of the Latin hymn written for St. Jean - Baptist, by Paul Diacre (Paulus the Deacon) Ut queant Laxis Resonare Fibris Mira Gestorum Famuli Tuorum Solve Polluti Labii Reatum Sancte Iohannes
  5. 5. - Subsequently, the “Si” was added to the hexachord “ Do, Ré, Mi, Fa, Sol, La ” to form what we call: “Octave”… (Oct=eight) - The note “Ut” was renamed “Do” by the Italian musician Dominus Bonocini. - Nowadays, the “Ut” is still in use for the Alto & Tenor Keys and tonalities.
  6. 6. A B C D E F G La Si Do Ré Mi Fa Sol
  7. 7. Notes & Steps
  8. 8. TONES INTERVALS INDICATION 0 Unison 1 ½ minor Second b2 1 Major Second 2 1½ minor Third b3 2 Major Third 3 2½ Perfect Fourth 4 3½ Perfect Fifth 5 4 minor Sixth b6 4½ Major Sixth 6 5 minor Seventh b7 5½ Major Seventh 7 6 Octave 8
  9. 9. (answers are on the next pages)
  10. 10. Chords – The Prefect Triads
  11. 11. C Major C minor C diminished C Augmented D Major D minor D diminished D Augmented E Major E minor E diminished E Augmented F Major F minor F diminished F Augmented G Major G minor G diminished G Augmented A Major A minor A diminished A Augmented B Major B minor B diminished B Augmented ? (answers are on the next pages)
  12. 12. C Major C E G D Major D F# A E Major E G# B F Major F A C G Major G B D A Major A C# E B Major B D# F# C minor C Eb G D minor D F A E minor E G B F minor F Ab C G minor G Bb D A minor A C E B minor B D F#
  13. 13. C dim. C Eb Gb D dim. D F Ab E dim. E G Bb F dim. F Ab Cb G dim. G Bb Db A dim. A C Eb B dim. B D F C Aug. C E G# D Aug. D F# A# E Aug. E G# B# F Aug. F A C# G Aug. G B D# A Aug. A C# E# B Aug. B D# Fx
  14. 14. example: Am – G – C – F
  15. 15. C sus4 C sus2 D sus4 D sus2 E sus4 E sus2 F sus4 F sus2 G sus4 G sus2 A sus4 A sus2 B sus4 B sus2 ? (answers are on the next page)
  16. 16. C sus4 C F G C sus2 C D G D sus4 D G A D sus2 D E A E sus4 E A B E sus2 E F# B F sus4 F Bb C F sus2 F G C G sus4 G C D G sus2 G A D A sus4 A D E A sus2 A B E B sus4 B E F# B sus2 B C# F#
  17. 17. example: Asus2 – Am – Gsus – G
  18. 18. Prepared by www.JoenasrApp.com ® © All rights reserved

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