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First aid for burns firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
Introduction <ul><li>This is module five of a free first aid course provided by  firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Vis...
Types of burns firstaidforfree.com <ul><li>Scald  – caused by a hot liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Friction  – caused by rough s...
Depths of burns (1) firstaidforfree.com By Persian Poet Gal at en.wikipedia [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY...
Depths of burns (2) <ul><li>1 st  degree / superficial:  Minor damage to the top layer of skin. Normally appears as just r...
First degree / superficial burn firstaidforfree.com Redness of the skin is the main feature of first degree / superficial ...
Second degree / partial burn firstaidforfree.com Note the blistering of the skin
Third degree / full burn firstaidforfree.com After some healing has occurred
General treatment for burns <ul><li>Immediately  cool the affected area   with running water for at least  10 minutes </li...
What not do to <ul><li>Do not try to remove clothing sticking to a burn, instead cool through the clothing </li></ul><ul><...
Infection control <ul><li>Try and keep the wound as clean as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid contact with the casu...
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First aid for burns - free online first aid training

First aid for burns.

Free first aid training from http://www.firstaidforfree.com

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First aid for burns - free online first aid training

  1. 1. First aid for burns firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>This is module five of a free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Visit firstaidforfree.com for more free first aid training, quizzes and resources. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  3. 3. Types of burns firstaidforfree.com <ul><li>Scald – caused by a hot liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Friction – caused by rough surfaces, e.g: carpet </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation/sunburn </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical – will have an entry burn and an exit burn </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Dry – touching hot objects, e.g: a cooker. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Depths of burns (1) firstaidforfree.com By Persian Poet Gal at en.wikipedia [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons
  5. 5. Depths of burns (2) <ul><li>1 st degree / superficial: Minor damage to the top layer of skin. Normally appears as just redness. </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd degree / partial: Damage to several layers of skin. Causes blisters. </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd degree / full: Damage to skin and underlying tissue. May be charring of the skin. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  6. 6. First degree / superficial burn firstaidforfree.com Redness of the skin is the main feature of first degree / superficial burns Most common cause is sunburn!
  7. 7. Second degree / partial burn firstaidforfree.com Note the blistering of the skin
  8. 8. Third degree / full burn firstaidforfree.com After some healing has occurred
  9. 9. General treatment for burns <ul><li>Immediately cool the affected area with running water for at least 10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Cover the burn with a non-sticky dressing – clingfilm, a plastic bag, non-fluffy bandage </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical attention, if the burn is serious then call an ambulance </li></ul><ul><li>If running water is not available then improvise, any harmless liquid can be used to cool a burn. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  10. 10. What not do to <ul><li>Do not try to remove clothing sticking to a burn, instead cool through the clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Do not apply toothpaste / butter / creams to a burn. Running water is the most effective cooling method. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exception: “ Aftersun ” lotion is useful for sunburn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not burst any blisters </li></ul><ul><li>Do not stop cooling before 10 minutes is up! </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  11. 11. Infection control <ul><li>Try and keep the wound as clean as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid contact with the casualty’s blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear disposable latex / nitrile gloves if available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not, use any available items to create a barrier (e.g: a plastic bag) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water afterwards </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical advice if you are concerned </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com

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