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Helping someone who is unconscious firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
Introduction <ul><li>This is module three of a free first aid course provided by  firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Vi...
What is ‘unconsciousness’? <ul><li>“ complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness” </li></ul><ul><li>“ unaware of both...
Unconsciousness vs sleeping <ul><li>The difference between being asleep and being unconsciousness is that an unconscious p...
Why the fuss? <ul><li>When someone goes unconscious, they  loose muscle tone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This means they go all ...
What is the ‘airway’? <ul><li>The airway is a series of tubes which caries air from your mouth & nose to your lungs </li><...
Helping someone who is unconscious <ul><li>You can use the mnemonic “DR ABC” to remember what to do! </li></ul><ul><li>If ...
D: Danger <ul><li>Check to see if there are any dangers to yourself or the casualty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example elec...
R: Response <ul><li>Attempt to wake the person up by  shouting  loudly in both ears and  tapping  them on the shoulders </...
A: Airway <ul><li>Open the airway by  tilting the head backwards  and  lifting the chin  with two fingers. </li></ul>first...
B: Breathing (1) <ul><li>Keep your hands on the person’ s head & chin </li></ul><ul><li>Place your cheek above their mouth...
B: Breathing (2) <ul><li>If the person is not breathing, commence cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) </li></ul><ul><li>If...
firstaidforfree.com
The recovery position - steps <ul><li>Kneel by the casualty’s waist </li></ul><ul><li>Grasp the hand nearest to you, place...
C: Call an ambulance <ul><li>Once the person is in the recovery position call an ambulance if this has not been done alrea...
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How to help someone who is unconscious (the recovery position) - free online first aid training

How to help someone who is unconscious - the recovery position

Free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com

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How to help someone who is unconscious (the recovery position) - free online first aid training

  1. 1. Helping someone who is unconscious firstaidforfree.com www.firstaidforfree.com
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>This is module three of a free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com </li></ul><ul><li>Visit firstaidforfree.com for more free first aid training, quizzes and resources. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  3. 3. What is ‘unconsciousness’? <ul><li>“ complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness” </li></ul><ul><li>“ unaware of both self and external surroundings” </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  4. 4. Unconsciousness vs sleeping <ul><li>The difference between being asleep and being unconsciousness is that an unconscious person will not wake up . </li></ul><ul><li>Unconsciousness is a medical emergency </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  5. 5. Why the fuss? <ul><li>When someone goes unconscious, they loose muscle tone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This means they go all ‘floppy’ – like a rag doll </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The tongue (a muscle) can block their airway when it looses muscle tone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is known colloquially as “swallowing your own tongue” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In addition, loss of control over their stomach muscles can cause stomach contents (vomit) to travel back up to the throat which can block the airway </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  6. 6. What is the ‘airway’? <ul><li>The airway is a series of tubes which caries air from your mouth & nose to your lungs </li></ul><ul><li>It can become blocked by the tongue and regurgitation of stomach contents </li></ul><ul><li>This will stop the casualty from breathing </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  7. 7. Helping someone who is unconscious <ul><li>You can use the mnemonic “DR ABC” to remember what to do! </li></ul><ul><li>If you suspect someone is unconscious, do not leave them! </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  8. 8. D: Danger <ul><li>Check to see if there are any dangers to yourself or the casualty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example electrical cables, moving traffic, other people etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try and make the scene as safe as possible </li></ul><ul><li>If the area is too dangerous then stay back and call the emergency services </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  9. 9. R: Response <ul><li>Attempt to wake the person up by shouting loudly in both ears and tapping them on the shoulders </li></ul><ul><li>If you do not get a response, then the person is unconscious </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  10. 10. A: Airway <ul><li>Open the airway by tilting the head backwards and lifting the chin with two fingers. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  11. 11. B: Breathing (1) <ul><li>Keep your hands on the person’ s head & chin </li></ul><ul><li>Place your cheek above their mouth and look at their chest </li></ul><ul><li>Look, listen and feel for regular breathing for up to 10 seconds. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  12. 12. B: Breathing (2) <ul><li>If the person is not breathing, commence cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) </li></ul><ul><li>If they are breathing, then place them in the recovery position in order to protect their airway </li></ul><ul><li>The recovery position involves rolling the casualty onto their side with their head tilted back. </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  13. 13. firstaidforfree.com
  14. 14. The recovery position - steps <ul><li>Kneel by the casualty’s waist </li></ul><ul><li>Grasp the hand nearest to you, place the back of their hand against their cheek closest to you </li></ul><ul><li>Lift the left furthest away from you at the knee and place their foot on the floor </li></ul><ul><li>Using their knee as a lever, pull the person onto their side </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure their head is still tilted back and they are on their side </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com
  15. 15. C: Call an ambulance <ul><li>Once the person is in the recovery position call an ambulance if this has not been done already! </li></ul><ul><li>Recheck the casualty’s airway and breathing every few minutes until the ambulance arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the casualty warm and dry if you can </li></ul>firstaidforfree.com

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How to help someone who is unconscious - the recovery position Free first aid course provided by firstaidforfree.com

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