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Reporting-An Introduction

This Powerpoint presentation tell us about what is reporting? How a reporter should be? List of ten tips for the reporter and different kinds of reporting.

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Reporting-An Introduction

  1. 1. Dr. N.Johnson PhD.,NET(Edn).,NET-Andragogy Assistant Professor Department of Lifelong Learning School of Education Alagappa University Karaikudi – 630 003 Tamil Nadu johnsonn@alagappauniversity.ac.in Reporting – An Introduction
  2. 2. REPORTING Reporting is the activity of collecting information from a given area and reproducing it to someone who is responsible for authorizing that activity.
  3. 3. Basic activity •Reporting, Editing and Production are the most widely recognized and identifiable with print journalism. •It is the front activity of Journalism
  4. 4. Process in Reporting Collecting information includes • Seeing what is happening • Looking around for sights and visuals • Listening to the voices and sounds • Noting down relevant information • This includes names, places, dates, time, figures and other statistics • Asking relevant questions
  5. 5. Eyes and Ears •A reporter is both eyes and ears of a news organization •He represents power of the press •He is always on the move •No fixed hours or routine for him •His work changes daily
  6. 6. •A reporter always been a figure inspiring awe, confidence and fear. •Whatever a reporter used to report, was then put through the process of correction and editing, and then the approved matter went for printing.
  7. 7. What It takes •An Introvert has little of success •Must possess self-confidence •Not get over-awed by anyone •A man of initiative, not easily disheartened or irritated •Must grasp the situation quickly •A bend of mind for research •A good talker and listener
  8. 8. The sources Common sources •Public meetings •Conferences •Seminars •Radio/ TV bulletins •Press conferences/Briefings
  9. 9. The sources (Contd..) Exclusive sources •Government/private functionaries •Ex-employees •Trade union people •NGOs •Politicians •Small functionaries at all places
  10. 10. Confidentiality •While some sources may like to be quoted for the report, others may like to keep their identity hidden •Actual sources must be quoted if they are willing to be quoted, but also guard their identity in all circumstances •They must always keep some documents to authenticate a report
  11. 11. Must-Do •Must read widely to increase subject knowledge •Must know local affairs •Presence of mind •Sharp memory •Ask questions •Be responsible
  12. 12. TEN TIPS 1.Keep handy a small notebook 2.Know what he wants to write 3.Must manage time properly 4.Protect his source 5.Write in simple language
  13. 13. TEN TIPS (CONTD..) 6. Must know what is to be ignored 7. Convey a lot in few words 8. Basic knowledge of writing on computers 9. Study the assignments properly 10. Must always keep learning
  14. 14. For the beginner •Sense of power and privilege associated with reporting •They are often approached for getting work done in government •Be aware of becoming a middleman •Be aware of being used by others •Credibility first and foremost
  15. 15. Kinds of reporting •Basic reporting is about local affairs and working of government departments especially those providing utilities •Others include Crime reporting, Investigative reporting, Specialized reporting and political reporting, Business reporting
  16. 16. Crime reporting •There is a great public interest in crime. •No newspaper can afford to ignore crime reporting •Newspapers inform readers about the crime scene in the city as also the security agencies’ response to it, or the progress of investigation
  17. 17. A Specialized job •Responsible and specialized job •Crime reporter must be Objective Avoid sensationalism Have contacts
  18. 18. Kinds of crime •Crime reporting includes burglary, loot, robbery, fire, accident, blackmail, kidnapping, murder, fraud and rape •On the spot reporting and all versions are important.
  19. 19. Other Kinds of reporting •Business reporting •Law reporting •Sports reporting •Fashion/Culture reporting •Development reporting •Science reporting •Education reporting
  20. 20. Writing news reports •The main purpose of a news story is to report the news in an objective manner. •It is quite acceptable, however, for a reporter to quote other people’s opinions in a story •Most news stories revolve around some sort of conflict
  21. 21. REQUIREMENTS •Answers to the 5Ws, 1 H •Written as inverted pyramids in four steps -Collect all the facts -Sum it up and boil it down -Prioritise the Who, What, When, Where and Why -Rethink revise and rewrite