Commonly known as “Congress.”
Congress is divided
into 2 chambers.
The House of Representatives
-435 Members in the House of Representatives.
-100 Members in the U.S. Senate.
House of Representatives
The number of Representatives for each state
is based on state population.
2 year term of office.
Requirements to be in the House;
At least 25 years old,
Citizen of U.S. for 7 years,
Live in the state you wish to represent.
Every state has equal representation
- 2 senators.
6 year term of office.
Requirements to be in the Senate;
At least 30 years old,
citizen of U.S. for 9 years
live in the state you wish to represent.
Mike Johanns Ben Nelson
Powers of Congress
To coin or print money.
To declare War and make Peace.
The House of Representatives can Impeach the
The Senate tries all impeachment cases.
Job is to make and pass laws.
But that’s not all they also have the power to:
What job can a 25 year old African
American woman run for if she was born
in America and is living in Chicago?
A Representative for the House of Representatives
for the State of Illinois.
One More Check…
What job can a 27 year old German
American man run for if he has been
living in America for 12 years and a
citizen for 6 years and is currently
living in Los Angeles?
Nothing…he has not been a citizen of
the U.S. for long enough.
Job is to enforce the laws.
Head of the Executive Branch
is the President.
4 year term, limited to 2 terms or 10
years in office.
What does it take to be
Requirements to be president:
Must be At least 35 years old,
a natural born citizen, and
a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years.
Nowhere does it say you have to be a man.
Nowhere does it say you have to be of 1 specific race.
Anyone can be president if they are elected!
Who takes over if the President dies?
Between 1841 and 1975, more than one-
third of U.S. Presidents had either died in
office, quit, or become disabled.
->The 20th and 25th Amendments set up the
procedure to replace a President.
->After the Vice Pres, comes the -> Speaker of
the House, -> President Pro Tempore of the Senate
->Then the Cabinet Members in order.
So what is the “Dooms Day” Provision?
Powers of the President
To be commander in chief of the
To pardon persons convicted of
To call special sessions of Congress.
To appoint Government officials (must
be approved by Congress).
“the Advisors to the President”
Department of Agriculture
Department of the Interior
Department of Commerce
Department of Justice
Department of Defense
Department of Labor
Department of Education
Department of State
Department of Energy
Department of Transportation
Department of Health & Human Services
Department of the Treasury
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of Housing & Urban
Main job is to Interpret the laws and
punish the lawbreakers.
Chief Justice John G. Roberts,
Stephen G. Breyer,
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Samuel A. Alito
Anthony M. Kennedy,
Antonin G. Scalia
What does it take to be a
Supreme Court Justice?
There is 1 Chief Justice
– 8 Associate Justices (picture on the preceding page)
1)Appointed by the
2) Approved by the
Supreme Court Justices are given the job FOR
The only way to get rid of one is:
If they commit a crime,
If they retire,
Powers of the Supreme
They can declare ANY legislative or
executive act unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in
the land. Its decisions are final.
– No other court can overrule those decisions.
– Decisions of the Supreme Court set precedents—
new ways of interpreting the law.