Jefferson and the Era of Good Feelings (1800-1824)
Jefferson and Burr
“ Revolution of 1800” <ul><li>First peaceful transfer of power </li></ul><ul><li>“ When brought together in society, all a...
Jefferson’s Agenda <ul><li>Switch to an agrarian republic </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the size of the country </li></ul><ul...
Slave Uprising <ul><li>Gabriel Prosser’s rebellion (1800), Richmond VA </li></ul><ul><li>About 1000 slaves </li></ul><ul><...
Gabriel Prosser
Domestic Changes <ul><li>Eliminate taxes (esp. Whiskey Tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease the national debt </li></ul><ul><li...
Marbury v Madison <ul><li>1803  Supreme Court case </li></ul><ul><li>John Marshall (Federalist) presides </li></ul><ul><li...
Louisiana Purchase <ul><li>Asks Napoleon to sell the city of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon sells all of the Louis...
Map of Louisiana Purchase
Current states gained
Unconstitutional??? <ul><li>Jefferson was a strict constitutionalist </li></ul><ul><li>He had approved buying  New Orleans...
Lewis and Clark Expedition <ul><li>Merriwether Lewis selected to head the “Corps of Discovery”, one of Jefferson’s aides <...
Aaron Burr’s Woes <ul><li>First loses to Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Tries for governorship of NY,  Hamilton   campaigns a...
July 11, 1804
Boom! <ul><li>Hamilton fires and misses (did he intend to?) </li></ul><ul><li>Burr did NOT miss </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton...
Second Time isn’t as nice <ul><li>Jefferson wins re-election easily in 1804, carrying 15 states (of 17) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Impressments and War <ul><li>British and French fighting again,  Napoleon  wants to control the world </li></ul><ul><li>US...
 
Chesapeake Incident <ul><li>Brit ship (Leopard) orders a search of US ship (Chesapeake) </li></ul><ul><li>US said no,  Bri...
Embargo you say? <ul><li>Jefferson persuades the Congress to pass  Embargo Act of 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>No US ships can s...
Madison and Clinton
Madison’s bio <ul><li>Jefferson’s Sec. of State </li></ul><ul><li>Wife, Dolly, was famous for White House parties and  sav...
Agenda for Madison <ul><li>Try to stay out of the Napoleonic Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the economy (remember Embargo Act ...
“ Saving ourselves for other countries” <ul><li>Nonintercourse Act in 1809 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can trade with all countr...
Reasons for the War of 1812 <ul><li>Continued problems at the seas   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>neutrality not respected </li><...
Indian War!! <ul><li>Tecumseh tries to unite all NA east of Miss. </li></ul>
… and the fighting begins <ul><li>William Henry Harrison  (future President) defeats Tecumseh and followers at the  Battle...
War Hawks <ul><li>New, young Republicans from frontier states (KY, TN, OH) </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay  of KY </li></ul><...
Election of 1812 <ul><li>Much closer election, because of “Mr. Madison’s War” </li></ul><ul><li>**No president has ever be...
Map
War of 1812 begins <ul><li>US tries to attack Canada 3 TIMES, all fail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the process the US burns t...
Commodore Perry
Revenge is a b….. (1814) <ul><li>British attack Washington DC and burn the President’s mansion (it was repainted white) </...
Andrew Jackson, Horseshoe Bend <ul><li>Aided by Cherokee warriors in defeating Creek Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Remember Ja...
Did Junaluska save Jackson? <ul><li>According to the Cherokee people Chief Junaluska saved Jackson’s life by stopping a Cr...
Chief Junaluska
Turning his back?? <ul><li>Years later, after being forced west, Junaluska said “ If I had known that Jackson would drive ...
“ Era of Good Feelings” <ul><li>Party politics dies for a while (Federalists gone) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism booming, ...
Treaty of Ghent <ul><li>Ended the war </li></ul><ul><li>Returned things to  status quo ante bellum </li></ul>
Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>Jackson again, fights the British AFTER the Treaty has been signed </li></ul><ul><li>This ma...
Second Bank of US  (1816) <ul><li>Pushed through Congress by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun </li></ul><ul><li>Patterned af...
James Monroe (1817-1825)
First recession is never the worse <ul><li>Panic of 1819 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks being too conservative, called in loa...
Marshall’s Court <ul><li>Lone Federalist in power </li></ul><ul><li>McCullough v Maryland  (1819) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fe...
Missouri, we have a problem… <ul><li>Missouri Compromise  (1820) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri wants to become a state (f...
Miss. Compromise Map
Ready to Review?
Monroe’s big deal <ul><li>Monroe Doctrine  (1823) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Americas “are henceforth not to be considered ...
Elections, once again <ul><li>By 1824 the Era of Good Feelings between factions had faded </li></ul><ul><li>The next elect...
4 men enter, 1 man emerges <ul><li>Andrew Jackson Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams William Crawford </li></ul>
 
Adams and Jackson left standing <ul><li>In the run-off election Jackson and Adams are tied </li></ul><ul><li>The vote goes...
What’s up with that?? <ul><li>Mysteriously when Adams wins he names Clay as his Sec. of State (this is normally a stepping...
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Jefferson And The Era Of Good Feelings

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Jefferson And The Era Of Good Feelings

  1. 1. Jefferson and the Era of Good Feelings (1800-1824)
  2. 2. Jefferson and Burr
  3. 3. “ Revolution of 1800” <ul><li>First peaceful transfer of power </li></ul><ul><li>“ When brought together in society, all are perfectly equal.” </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a smaller gov’t role </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jefferson’s Agenda <ul><li>Switch to an agrarian republic </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the size of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease the power of the national gov’t </li></ul>
  5. 5. Slave Uprising <ul><li>Gabriel Prosser’s rebellion (1800), Richmond VA </li></ul><ul><li>About 1000 slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Postponed 1 night, 2 different slaves told their masters </li></ul><ul><li>25 slaves hanged, 65 tried total </li></ul><ul><li>James Monroe is Governor of VA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gabriel Prosser
  7. 7. Domestic Changes <ul><li>Eliminate taxes (esp. Whiskey Tax) </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease the national debt </li></ul><ul><li>Reversed the Judiciary Act of 1801 (Adams appointments) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Marbury v Madison <ul><li>1803 Supreme Court case </li></ul><ul><li>John Marshall (Federalist) presides </li></ul><ul><li>John Marbury appointed by Adams, James Madison will NOT respect the appointment </li></ul><ul><li>Judge Marshall declared Adams’ Judiciary Act “unconstitutional” (federal law) </li></ul><ul><li>Established “ judicial review ” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Louisiana Purchase <ul><li>Asks Napoleon to sell the city of New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon sells all of the Louisiana territory (remember Revolution and Haiti!) </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson paid $15 million (285 million today) </li></ul><ul><li>Was he allowed to do???? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Map of Louisiana Purchase
  11. 11. Current states gained
  12. 12. Unconstitutional??? <ul><li>Jefferson was a strict constitutionalist </li></ul><ul><li>He had approved buying New Orleans for 10 million </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists worried about further Southern and Western support for Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Congress full of Republicans </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lewis and Clark Expedition <ul><li>Merriwether Lewis selected to head the “Corps of Discovery”, one of Jefferson’s aides </li></ul><ul><li>William Clark asked to join Lewis, former militia captain, no formal education, had been Lewis’ commander previously </li></ul><ul><li>“ An intelligent officer, with ten or twelve chosen men ... might explore the whole line, even to the Western Ocean...” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aaron Burr’s Woes <ul><li>First loses to Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Tries for governorship of NY, Hamilton campaigns against Burr, Burr loses </li></ul><ul><li>Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel!! </li></ul>
  15. 15. July 11, 1804
  16. 16. Boom! <ul><li>Hamilton fires and misses (did he intend to?) </li></ul><ul><li>Burr did NOT miss </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton is mortally wounded, he died the next day </li></ul><ul><li>“ I have resolved, if our interview [duel] is conducted in the usual manner, and it pleases God to give me the opportunity, to reserve and throw away my first fire, and I have thoughts even of reserving my second fire.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Second Time isn’t as nice <ul><li>Jefferson wins re-election easily in 1804, carrying 15 states (of 17) </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble is brewing internationally </li></ul>
  18. 18. Impressments and War <ul><li>British and French fighting again, Napoleon wants to control the world </li></ul><ul><li>US ships carry cargo, and are often caught in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>British often impress the sailors (force them to serve in the British navy) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Chesapeake Incident <ul><li>Brit ship (Leopard) orders a search of US ship (Chesapeake) </li></ul><ul><li>US said no, Brits opened fire and killed 3 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>How will Jefferson respond?? (most Americans want revenge) </li></ul>
  20. 21. Embargo you say? <ul><li>Jefferson persuades the Congress to pass Embargo Act of 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>No US ships can sail to foreign ports </li></ul><ul><li>Who is US’s biggest trading partner??? </li></ul><ul><li>It backfired and left the US with a weak economy </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson repeals the act during his final days in 1809 </li></ul>
  21. 22. Madison and Clinton
  22. 23. Madison’s bio <ul><li>Jefferson’s Sec. of State </li></ul><ul><li>Wife, Dolly, was famous for White House parties and saving Washington’s picture </li></ul>
  23. 24. Agenda for Madison <ul><li>Try to stay out of the Napoleonic Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the economy (remember Embargo Act ) </li></ul>
  24. 25. “ Saving ourselves for other countries” <ul><li>Nonintercourse Act in 1809 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can trade with all countries EXCEPT Br and Fra </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Macon’s Bill No. 2 (1810) </li></ul><ul><li>War is on the horizon </li></ul>
  25. 26. Reasons for the War of 1812 <ul><li>Continued problems at the seas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>neutrality not respected </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ British violations” on the Western frontier </li></ul>
  26. 27. Indian War!! <ul><li>Tecumseh tries to unite all NA east of Miss. </li></ul>
  27. 28. … and the fighting begins <ul><li>William Henry Harrison (future President) defeats Tecumseh and followers at the Battle of Tippecanoe </li></ul>
  28. 29. War Hawks <ul><li>New, young Republicans from frontier states (KY, TN, OH) </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay of KY </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun of SC </li></ul>
  29. 30. Election of 1812 <ul><li>Much closer election, because of “Mr. Madison’s War” </li></ul><ul><li>**No president has ever been ousted during war** </li></ul>
  30. 31. Map
  31. 32. War of 1812 begins <ul><li>US tries to attack Canada 3 TIMES, all fail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the process the US burns the city of York </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First major victory is at Lake Erie (1813) </li></ul><ul><li>Commodore Perry “We have met the enemy and they are ours.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This allows control of the lake and helps to defeat Tecumseh and his confederation at the Battle of Thames </li></ul></ul>
  32. 33. Commodore Perry
  33. 34. Revenge is a b….. (1814) <ul><li>British attack Washington DC and burn the President’s mansion (it was repainted white) </li></ul>
  34. 35. Andrew Jackson, Horseshoe Bend <ul><li>Aided by Cherokee warriors in defeating Creek Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Remember Jackson’s name! </li></ul>
  35. 36. Did Junaluska save Jackson? <ul><li>According to the Cherokee people Chief Junaluska saved Jackson’s life by stopping a Creek warrior from stabbing him </li></ul><ul><li>After the battle Jackson is said to have uttered “ As long as the sun shines and the grass grows, there shall be friendship between us, and the feet of the Cherokee shall be toward the east .” </li></ul>
  36. 37. Chief Junaluska
  37. 38. Turning his back?? <ul><li>Years later, after being forced west, Junaluska said “ If I had known that Jackson would drive us from our homes, I would have killed him that day at the Horseshoe .” </li></ul>
  38. 39. “ Era of Good Feelings” <ul><li>Party politics dies for a while (Federalists gone) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism booming, new generation of Americans </li></ul>
  39. 40. Treaty of Ghent <ul><li>Ended the war </li></ul><ul><li>Returned things to status quo ante bellum </li></ul>
  40. 41. Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>Jackson again, fights the British AFTER the Treaty has been signed </li></ul><ul><li>This makes him a war hero </li></ul>
  41. 42. Second Bank of US (1816) <ul><li>Pushed through Congress by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun </li></ul><ul><li>Patterned after 1 st Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Known for corruption and fraud </li></ul>
  42. 43. James Monroe (1817-1825)
  43. 44. First recession is never the worse <ul><li>Panic of 1819 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks being too conservative, called in loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$ Value fell, unemployment rose </li></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Marshall’s Court <ul><li>Lone Federalist in power </li></ul><ul><li>McCullough v Maryland (1819) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fed could create bank (implied powers), fed>state </li></ul></ul>
  45. 46. Missouri, we have a problem… <ul><li>Missouri Compromise (1820) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri wants to become a state (former part of LA purchase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a balance of 11 slave and 11 free states (Miss. has lots of slaves) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To keep Senate balanced they propose: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miss. enters as slave state, Maine enters as free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything above 36 ° parallel is free </li></ul></ul>
  46. 47. Miss. Compromise Map
  47. 48. Ready to Review?
  48. 49. Monroe’s big deal <ul><li>Monroe Doctrine (1823) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Americas “are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Western Hemisphere is off limits for Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does this say about America’s level of confidence?? </li></ul></ul>
  49. 50. Elections, once again <ul><li>By 1824 the Era of Good Feelings between factions had faded </li></ul><ul><li>The next election featured some famous names in one of the most bizarre US elections of all time….. </li></ul>
  50. 51. 4 men enter, 1 man emerges <ul><li>Andrew Jackson Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams William Crawford </li></ul>
  51. 53. Adams and Jackson left standing <ul><li>In the run-off election Jackson and Adams are tied </li></ul><ul><li>The vote goes to the House of Rep. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay uses his “influence” to get Adams elected (Jackson was Clay’s rival for votes in the West) </li></ul>
  52. 54. What’s up with that?? <ul><li>Mysteriously when Adams wins he names Clay as his Sec. of State (this is normally a stepping stone to the presidency) </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson and his supporters call foul, naming the situation the “ Corrupt Bargain ” </li></ul>

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