2. Relevant Terms
• What is Poverty?
• What are the reasons of Poverty?
• What are the characteristics of Poverty?
• What is Approach?
• What is Development?
• What are Development Approaches?
3. What is Rights Based Approach?
• A conceptual framework for the process of
• Based on international human rights
• Operationally directed to promote and
protect human rights.
4. Rights Based Approach
• Identifies Rights Holders and their entitlements
• Identifies Duty Bearers and their obligations
• Give rise to legal obligation on the parts of others
• State is primary responsible while other states
and non-State actors are responsible to
• Works towards strengthening the capacities of
rights holders to make their claims and of duty
bearers to meet their obligations
• Focus on the realization of the rights of excluded
• It considers family, community, civil society and
national authorities in holistic view
• International Instrument
• Participation of poor in the formulation,
implementation and monitoring of programs
• Transparency and Accountability
• Ownership and Sustainability
• Gender Mainstreaming
• Analyze inequalities which lie at the heart of
• Redress discriminatory practices
• Potential to empower people- especially the
most marginalized - to participate in policy
formulation and hold accountable those who
have a duty to act
• Adds legitimacy to demand for poverty
7. Core Principals of RBA
• State responsibility
Notes de l'éditeur
Poverty is result of disempowerment and exclusion, not fulfillment of rights, result of discriminatory practices
Governance refers to mechanism, institutions and processes through which authority is exercised in the conduct of public affairs.
Characteristics of Poverty are adequately nourished, avoiding diseases, adequately sheltered, having basic education, being able to ensure personal security, having equitable access to justice, being able to live with dignity, being able to earn livelihoods, being able to take part in the life of community.
People living in poverty are typically victims of discrimination on grounds such as birth, property, national and social origin, race, color, gender and religion.
Frequently Asked Questions on a Human Rights-Based Approach to Development Cooperation’, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
An entitlement is a guarantee of access to something, such as to welfare benefits, based on established rights or by legislation.
FaQs on RBA by UN