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3. Lenin.ppt

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3. Lenin.ppt

  1. 1. Agenda 2-4-2013 • BW – Define Communist Party • Describe – New Economic Policy (pg.872) • CW – Notes • HW – Primary Source Reading on Lenin • QOTD – “You can still dunk in the dark” - Oreo
  2. 2. What impact did Vladimir Lenin have on Russia? Notes #4-2
  3. 3. • As the leader of the Bolsheviks, he promised “Peace, Bread, and Land” to gain popular support to overthrow the Russian government.
  4. 4. One Government out, the next one in • The Provisional Government Topples In November 1917, workers take control of the government • Bolsheviks in Power • Lenin gives land to peasants, puts workers in control of factories
  5. 5. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk • Lenin had Russia sign a peace treaty with Germany, ending its involvement in WWI. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, 1918
  6. 6. Civil War Civil War Rages in Russia • Civil War between Bolsheviks’ Red Army and loosely allied White Army • Red Army wins three-year war that leaves 14 million dead Comparing World Revolutions • Russian, French Revolutions similar—both attempt to remake society
  7. 7. Political Reforms • Lenin and the Communists politically reorganized Russia, • Creates self-governing republics (mini- states) under national government Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.); 1922 – 1991
  8. 8. Political Reforms (cont’d) • In 1922, country renamed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) • Communist Party—new name taken by Bolsheviks from writings of Marx Flag of the Russian Empire Flag of the Soviet Union
  9. 9. COMMUNISM • Lenin believed in the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and had the Bolshevik Party change their name to the Communist Party.
  10. 10. The Communist Manifesto: • Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Karl Marx  Friedrich Engels 
  11. 11. • According to Marx and Engels, history can be viewed as a continuous struggle between economic classes. Working class (proletariat) vs. Wealthy class (capitalist class)
  12. 12. • A main idea of The Communist Manifesto was that the proletariat must unite to overthrow the capitalist class.
  13. 13. • This leads to private property ceasing to exist and the people owning the means of production, creating a system of communism.
  14. 14. • once communism emerges, the evils of industrial society would disappear.
  15. 15. New Economic Policy • In March 1921, Lenin launches New Economic Policy; (has some capitalism) • NEP and peace restore economy shattered by war, revolution • By 1928, Russia’s farms, factories are productive again
  16. 16. A New Leader? • Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin compete to replace Lenin when he dies • Joseph Stalin—cold, hard Communist Party general secretary in 1922 Joseph Stalin Leon Trotsky
  17. 17. • Stalin gains power from 1922 to 1927 • Lenin dies in 1924 • Stalin gains complete control in 1928; Trotsky forced into exile And the winner is……Stalin!
  18. 18. • Communist Party was the only party that ran the government, using violence and terror to force control. Only Party

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