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INTRODUCTION TO
BIOLOGY
M. S. KHAN
Origin of word “BIOLOGY”1
What is biology?2
Branches of biology3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ORIGIN OFWORD “BIOLOGY”
Regional map of Europe
Greece
Language: Greek
Word : Bios (living beings)
+
logos (study of)
WHAT IS BIOLOGY?
Biology is the study of living organisms including their origin,
distribution, evolution, structure and f...
BIOLOGY
Botany
Study of
Plants
BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY
Zoology
Study of
Animals
Microbiology
Study of
Micro-organisms
SUB-BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY
TAXONOMY ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY CYTOLOGY
GENETICS EVOLUTION ECOLOGY
TAXONOMY
Taxonomy deals with the identification, classification and nomenclature of
living organisms.
Although it resemble...
ANATOMY
Anatomy deals with the structure of organisms and their body parts.
Anatomy of animals Anatomy of plants Human ana...
PHYSIOLOGY
Physiology deals with the normal functions of living organisms and
their body parts.
Respiration Circulation Di...
CYTOLOGY
Cytology deals with the structure, composition and function of cells.
Different types of cells Cell structure Pro...
GENETICS
Genetics deals with the transmission of hereditary characteristics from one
generation to next generation.
Human ...
EVOLUTION
Evolution is the study of various sequential and developmental changes of
the organism from the time of its orig...
ECOLOGY
Ecology is the study of interaction of organisms with each other and with
their environment.
Ecosystem
Energy tran...
THANK
YOU
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Introduction to biology

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY M. S. KHAN
  2. 2. Origin of word “BIOLOGY”1 What is biology?2 Branches of biology3 TABLE OF CONTENTS
  3. 3. ORIGIN OFWORD “BIOLOGY” Regional map of Europe Greece Language: Greek Word : Bios (living beings) + logos (study of)
  4. 4. WHAT IS BIOLOGY? Biology is the study of living organisms including their origin, distribution, evolution, structure and function.
  5. 5. BIOLOGY Botany Study of Plants BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY Zoology Study of Animals Microbiology Study of Micro-organisms
  6. 6. SUB-BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY TAXONOMY ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY CYTOLOGY GENETICS EVOLUTION ECOLOGY
  7. 7. TAXONOMY Taxonomy deals with the identification, classification and nomenclature of living organisms. Although it resembles a snake, this animal is actually a legless glass lizard. All flesh eating mammals are grouped into one category called order carnivora. The scientific name of apple is malus domestica.
  8. 8. ANATOMY Anatomy deals with the structure of organisms and their body parts. Anatomy of animals Anatomy of plants Human anatomy
  9. 9. PHYSIOLOGY Physiology deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their body parts. Respiration Circulation Digestion
  10. 10. CYTOLOGY Cytology deals with the structure, composition and function of cells. Different types of cells Cell structure Protein synthesis
  11. 11. GENETICS Genetics deals with the transmission of hereditary characteristics from one generation to next generation. Human races DNA fingerprinting Genetic disorders
  12. 12. EVOLUTION Evolution is the study of various sequential and developmental changes of the organism from the time of its origin. Origin of life Evolution in animals Evolution in plants
  13. 13. ECOLOGY Ecology is the study of interaction of organisms with each other and with their environment. Ecosystem Energy transfer along a Food chain Extinct species
  14. 14. THANK YOU
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This presentation covers biology and its branches in a very interactive way. I hope this PPT will be helpful for instructor's as well as teachers.

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