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How to install and use WordPress (Version - 3.9.1) to create a blog

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How to install and use WordPress (Version - 3.9.1) to create a blog

  1. 1. Presented by : Manisha Chugh Batch Code : B-14/PHP/04-01 Registration id : R13010624
  2. 2.  It’s a Blog  It’s a Website  It’s a Marketing Tool
  3. 3.  Created as a Blog Software, in 2003.  Open Source (free) application ◦ Lots of developers came together and volunteered their experience ◦ Lots of folks continue to create additional tools and add-ons (i.e. themes and plugins) ◦ Anyone can use this software free of charge
  4. 4.  To communicate ◦ More insight  Allows your readers to give feedback ◦ Learn more about reader’s wants/needs ◦ Provides ideas for blog content and direction
  5. 5. Traditional Websites Traditional Blog ◦ A set of ‘static’ pages  Content does not change often (or at all) ◦ Tends to be more sales oriented ◦ Typically does not offer a way to interact with its visitors ◦ Often needs a web designer to make even minor changes or additions ◦ Fresh Content, changes often  Newest posts appear highest on the page ◦ Tends to share insights and ideas ◦ Typically offers a space to post comments and continue the conversation ◦ Offers ability to add content quickly
  6. 6.  WordPress let’s you add web pages, not just blog posts. ◦ This allows you to build your site and blog with one toolset.  You can maintain your site, yourself, without a designer. ◦ Easy to add new pages, video, images…  Search Engines (like Google) love Blogs. ◦ Fresh, relevant, original content is important.
  7. 7.  Gets the word out: Distribution/Syndication ◦ Your posts are instantly sent to the world with RSS  Allows search engines to receive notice of new content  Gets you ranked higher, quicker  People find you easier  Allows visitors to receive future posts automatically  Offers interaction with your community  People can post comments
  8. 8.  Helps you understand what they want and gives ideas for future posts.  Provides more exposure for your E-newsletters  Feature articles can be referenced in emails and linked to a post online.  Brings email readers to your site  Allows new site visitors to see what you’ve written about  And articles are syndicated for you with RSS
  9. 9.  Changing Your Content is easy: Visual Editor ◦ Page and posts can be written without HTML ◦ It’s easier than creating a Word Document.
  10. 10.  Managing Your Content is a snap: Content Management System (CMS) ◦ Finds pages or images quickly and easily.
  11. 11.  Plugins: Tons of free plugins are available ◦ Think of mini-applications that automate an action  Sell from your site with the wp-commerce plugin  Get site stats with the Google Analytics plugin  Show your most read posts with the popularity plugin  Easily add Scripts and 3rd party applications
  12. 12. ◦ Amazon.com affiliate program scripts ◦ Constant Contact Sign Up boxes  Customization ◦ You are free to customize away ◦ You may need to hire someone to create a truly custom look or if you don’t want to try to figure it out yourself.
  13. 13.  WordPress installation on local server includes these steps: 1. Downloading the software from WordPress.org 2. Unzip it and copy WordPress folder to ‘xampp/htdocs’ 3. Create a Database 4. Running Install Script
  14. 14.  Open localhost/phpmyadmin and create a blank database. ◦ e.g. shopping2
  15. 15.  Point your web browser to your blog’s URL ◦ localhost/wordpress  Click on ‘Create a Configuration File’
  16. 16.  Gather the Database information  Click on ‘Let’s go!’
  17. 17.  Enter your database credentials  Click on ‘submit’ button
  18. 18.  Now WordPress has all the information it needs to proceed  Click on ‘Run the Install’
  19. 19.  Enter your blog information and click on ‘Install WordPress’
  20. 20.  After successful installation, you will see the following screen :  Click on ‘Log In’
  21. 21.  At the login screen, put in your username and password and click on ‘Log In’  You’ll be directed to the Admin Panel
  22. 22.  After Installation, http://localhost/wordpress/ provides access to Front End (Blog)  Using http://localhost/wordpress/wp-admin/ you can access Back End (Admin Panel)  All the changes made through back end will automatically reflect to front end.
  23. 23.  Here you can manage your website’s design, pages and contents.
  24. 24.  Left Menu is detailing each of the administrative functions you can perform.  Within each major function, such as Posts, a submenu is presented upon hovering mouse hovers over the title area.
  25. 25.  ‘Collapse Menu’ option just below ‘Settings’ allow the left menu to collapse to a set of icons, or expand (fly-out) to show an icon and description for each major administrative function.
  26. 26.  Select and customize the Theme for your blog  Add contents to your blog  Change the Homepage Main Banner  Create the Custom Menus  Install and activate plugins to extends or alter the core functionality of WordPress  Add more users (moderators) for blog if you want  Do necessary settings
  27. 27.  Go to Appearance > Themes  From the available themes, activate your desired theme. ◦ e.g. Activate Twenty Thirteen theme
  28. 28.  You can add a new theme  The theme must be in .zip format  Go to Add New > Upload Theme > Browse  After uploading a theme, click on ‘Install Now’
  29. 29.  Now customize the activated theme  Click on ‘Customize’  You can customize the theme later going to Appearance > Customize
  30. 30.  A number of options will be shown on left and customized preview on the right
  31. 31.  Customize a Site Title & Tagline e.g. ◦ Site Title :Online Mobile Shopping ◦ Tagline : Buy a mobile online..  Colors e.g. ◦ Header Text Color: #134c00
  32. 32.  You can either choose from suggested headers  Or you can add a new image and crop it to recommended size.
  33. 33.  Set your ‘Front page’ and ‘Posts page’  Front page will either display ‘Your latest posts’ or ‘A static page’ which you have created. ◦ e.g. Here Front page is ‘Home’ ◦ and Posts page is ‘Posts’
  34. 34.  Widgets provide an extra bit of functionality to your blog.  You can : ◦ Add a widget ◦ Reorder them by simply dragging it to desired positions.  Widgets Customization can also be done going to Appearance > Widgets
  35. 35.  Upload and set new background image for your blog by going to ◦ Appearance > Customize > Background Image  After all the customization have done, click on ‘Save & Publish’
  36. 36.  Go to Appearance > Editor or Plugins/Editor  Editor allows you to quickly edit current theme/plugins files. After all editing done on selected file, click on ‘Update File’  This process has a drawback that you can undo the changes made to files.
  37. 37.  Manage pages  Manage categories  Manage posts  Insert Media in posts and pages
  38. 38.  Go to Pages > Add new  When you are ready with your new page, click Publish to save it.
  39. 39.  You’re new page will appear on the menu bar automatically.  All child pages will automatically become a sub menu under the parent link on the menu bar on front end.
  40. 40.  To edit a page, go to Pages > All Pages  Quick Edit shows few quick options to edit a page  After editing, click on ‘Update’ to save changes
  41. 41.  Go to Posts > Categories  When you are ready with new category, click ‘Add new category’ to save it.
  42. 42.  Go to Posts > Add New  Write a post
  43. 43.  You can further: ◦ Format Text, ◦ Insert “Read more” tag, ◦ Change Permalink ◦ Change visibility (public, private, password protected) ◦ Set Date and Time when to publish the post. ◦ Set Format ◦ Add the post to specified category, ◦ Add tags and featured image to the post. ◦ Insert/Edit/Remove Link  When you are ready with your new post, click Publish to save it.
  44. 44.  Go to Posts > All Posts  You can Edit or Quick Edit the posts here  After editing, click on ‘Update’ to save changes
  45. 45.  Media can be images, audio or video files  You can : ◦ Select a new file from your computer to upload ◦ Select a file from media library ◦ Insert a file from URL ◦ Set Featured Image for the homepage  When you are ready with your new media, click ‘Insert into page/post’ to save media and then click on ‘Publish’ to save that post or page.
  46. 46.  All the uploaded media files will be saved to Media Library  You can later edit, delete and view them ◦ e.g. Here we are editing an image file
  47. 47.  To delete a post or page, go to All Posts/Pages and click on ‘Trash’ under the desired item  You can later Delete it Permanently or Restore it from Trash
  48. 48.  Go to Pages > All Pages  Find your Homepage, and click ‘Edit’.  Now click on ‘Set Featured Image’  Finally select an image and set it as Featured image
  49. 49.  Go to Appearance > Menus  Select pages/links/categories you want to add to menu bar (from left) and click on ‘Add to Menu’  Drag each item into the order you want. To make an item as submenu, just drag it to right of parent menu  Click on ‘Create Menu’ to save all changes.
  50. 50.  Steps of editing a menu are same as you created the menu. Don’t forget to select these checkboxes. After all editing takes place, click on ‘Save Menu’  To delete a menu, click on ‘Delete Menu’
  51. 51.  If you have more than one menu, you can select the desired menu as primary menu. To do so, go to Appearance > Customize > Navigation
  52. 52.  When user leaves a reply on post, it needs approval of admin. Only after approval, it will show to other visitors.  Visitors can add comments on blog posts.
  53. 53.  It is showing on left panel that 1 comment awaiting moderation  Moderator can: ◦ Approve visitor’s comment ◦ Edit or Delete it ◦ Mark it as spam ◦ Reply to that comment
  54. 54.  Plugin is a PHP script that extends or alter the core functionality of WordPress. ◦ To view installed plugin, go to Plugins > Installed Plugins ◦ There are 2 pre-installed plugins. You can activate, edit or delete them.
  55. 55.  Go to wordpress.org/plugins  Click on ‘Plugins’  Search required plugin (from left)  Read Installation process and view snapshots and then ‘Download’
  56. 56.  Go to Plugins > Add New > Upload  Browse a plugin in .zip format from your computer  Click on ‘Install Now’  Now activate that plugin
  57. 57.  If you have a group of people who are managing the blog, then you can add more users. To add a new user, go to Users > Add New. Enter all details and select the role which you would like to assign for the new user. Then click on ‘Add New User’.  Each level of user is allowed different capabilities depending on their role.  The 5 level of users are: ◦ Admin ◦ Editor ◦ Author ◦ Contributor ◦ Subscriber
  58. 58.  You can do the following settings for blog : ◦ General Settings ◦ Writing Settings ◦ Reading Settings ◦ Discussion Settings ◦ Media Settings ◦ Permalink Settings
  59. 59.  General Settings includes: ◦ Site Title and Tagline ◦ URL and e-mail settings ◦ Membership and Role Settings ◦ Settings for Time & Date Format etc. After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  60. 60.  Writing Settings includes: ◦ Emoticon display settings ◦ Default Settings for posts ◦ Secret e-mail account settings After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  61. 61.  Reading Settings includes: ◦ Front Page Settings ◦ Search Engine Visibility ◦ Settings for Blog Posts etc. After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  62. 62.  Discussion Settings includes : ◦ Default Article Settings ◦ Comment Addition Settings ◦ Comment Moderation Settings ◦ Avatars Settings and much more After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  63. 63.  Media Setting includes: ◦ Setting default size for image files. ◦ Organization of uploading files After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  64. 64.  By default WordPress uses web URLs which have question marks and lots of numbers in them; however, WordPress offers you the ability to create a custom URL structure for your permalinks and archives. After doing all settings, click on ‘Save Changes’
  65. 65.  Go to Users > Your Profile  Edit Profile includes settings for : ◦ Visual Editor ◦ Color Scheme ◦ Keyboard Shortcuts ◦ Name and Contact info ◦ Biographical Info ◦ Set Password After doing all changes, click on ‘Update Profile’
  66. 66. Now Enjoy Blogging!
  67. 67. Thank You !