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Beijing national stadium -The Bird's nest - Presentation group.pptx

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Beijing national stadium -The Bird's nest - Presentation group.pptx

  2. 2. Table of content : 1. Bird’s nest location 2. Introduction 3. Brief history about Herzog & De Meuron 4. Project: • Concept • Construction • Elevation • Section • Roof • Sustainability in the project 5. Conclusion 6. Pictures
  3. 3. 1. Bird’s nest location : • Location : In the Olympic green, Beijing China • Nickname: The Bird's Nest • Largest stadium in China • The stadium was designed for: 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics
  4. 4. 1. Bird’s nest location : N
  5. 5. • Building type – stadium • Owner – Chinese government • Number of floors – three but actually 20 stories of an ordinary building • Height : 70 meters • Wide: 296 meters • Long: 320 meters • Architect – Herzog & De Meuron • Structural Engineer – Ove Arup & Partners • Spectators - 91000 • Inauguration 28.06.2008 • Construction 12.2002-06.2008 • Cost: $300M 2. Introduction:
  6. 6. 3. Brief history about Herzog & de Meuron:: •Year of birth : 1950 both •Nationality : Swiss •Education : Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zürich • Awards : I. 2001 Pritzker Prize II. 2009 Lubetkin Prize for the Beijing National Stadium •Selected projects: I. 2000 Tate Modern, Bankside, London, UK II. 2005 Allianz Arena football stadium, Munich III. Beirut Terraces, Beirut, Lebanon
  7. 7. 4. Project Concept Concept inspired by old Chinese art Sweeping lines arranged around a circular vessel. China's leading artists Ai Weiwei  Inspired them to push the limits.
  8. 8. Construction Jacque Herzog:"A new place compared to Paris's Eiffel tower which was made for an event but then became an icon of the city" People can go in and go out , use the space Chinese people love to use public space
  9. 9. Plan • Due to the fact that Beijing is located in an earthquake zone, it was imperative to be able to withstand the earth’s movement. By building the stadium in two separate parts, including a steel lattice structure and a concrete bowl separated by 50ft. the designers were able to create a structure flexible enough to handle considerable seismic activity.
  10. 10. Plan Problematic ! Beijing is located in an earthquake zone Olympic standards: giant screens, shops and great views of the field and of course the safety Solution ! Steel structure Concrete bowl 15.24 m
  11. 11. Plan
  12. 12. J.Parrish :"the very first step in designing a building is to look at its heart :the seating belt" each seat is going to be as close to the action as possible Distance from center to seats equals 142 m •Intimacy •Motivates the athletes
  13. 13. Steel structure First set of steel beam is placed outside, 24 pillars in form of truss encircling the concrete bowl ( as bones of structure). 24 beams in the form of trusses encircling the concrete bowl The stadium is earthquake proof 1,000 tons each
  14. 14. Steel structure a second set of beams fills in the empty spaces of the beams of the first set (2nd set of beams fills in spaces between the beams and 1st set. (if 24 people are holding hands 48 arms link together) they link all the beams to form a braided structure.
  15. 15. Steel structure Beijing Bird’s Nest is designed to withstand earthquakes rated at 8.0 on Richter Scale.
  16. 16. Steel structure a third set of beams support the stairways that connect the multiple levels and provides a frame for the roof membrane covering
  17. 17. Steel structure
  18. 18. Elevation Structure = facade = roof = space The structural elements mutually support each other and converge into a spatial grid-like formation, in which facades, stairs, bowl structure and roof are integrated.
  19. 19. The massive steel structure resists lateral loads The load is broken down through the lattice of steel while being weakened
  20. 20. Section The core portion of the building carries the dead load of the concrete structure as well as the live load of people totaling to 13,122 tons. The load is transferred directly to the plinth foundation as distributed load as shown below.
  21. 21. Roof The loads at each intersection are split between the members and transferred downward The red points indicate the transfer connections were load impact is felt most significantly.
  22. 22. The Stadium uses geothermal energy to chill and heat the water that runs through the HVAC system the piping to do that is located beneath the main athletic field. Sustainability in the project
  23. 23. Sustainability in the project maximum amount of natural lighting as possible
  24. 24. Sustainability in the project ETFE Panels This membrane provides rain and wind protection. It also saves energy Sunshine filters through the roof to light the building keep the noise in
  25. 25. Conclusion The national olympic stadium in Beijing is an innovative building in terms of its design and the way it functions through its use of biomimicry There is a hope and likelihood that this building will influence future buildings to explore biomimicry to create safer, healthier, economically and environmentally responsible structure.
  26. 26. Pictures The Beijing National Stadium at night during the Summer Olympics Inside of the stadium during the 2008 Summer Olympics
  27. 27. Pictures Interior view of the stadium 2008 Summer Olympics flame
  28. 28. Pictures Detail of the exterior Architectural detail of the stadium's exterior
  29. 29. Beijing National Stadium at night
  30. 30. Pictures
  31. 31. Pictures
  32. 32. Pictures
  33. 33. Pictures
  34. 34. Pictures
  35. 35. Pictures
  36. 36. THE END Thank you for your attention !!!